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Spelling Rules!

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Ederlin Mae Cerezo

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Spelling Rules!

In one syllable words ending in one consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel.

Ex.) run + ing = running, big + est = biggest, hot + er = hotter, bag + age = baggage

Some exceptions to the Double the final consonant spelling rules are if the word ends with two or more consonants, or if the final consonant is preceded by two vowels instead of one.

Ex.) debt + or = debtor, boat + ing = boating Oi, Ou, Ch sound “Oi” or “Oy” = you use “oi” in the middle of a word and “oy” at the end of a word.

Example of “oi” words; boil, soil, foil.
Example of ‘oy’ words; boy, toy.

“Ou” or “Ow” = You use “ou” in the middle of a word and “ow” at the end of the word except for words that end in “n” or “d”.

Example of ‘ou’ words; mouse, house, found, count.
Example of “ow” words; cow, borrow, row.

The “ch” sound = At the beginning of a word use “ch”. At the end of a word use “tch”.

When “ch” sound Is followed by “ure” or “ion”, use “t”.

Example of “ch” words – choose, champ.
Example of ‘tch’ word- watch, picture, capture. Period 6
Maria P.
Ederlin C.
Ariel P.
Kristian R.
Chloe S. Spelling Rules! Having short vowels When a one-syllable word has a vowel in the middle, the vowel has a short sound.

Example: pot, fun, lot, hat, mom, dad, got.

If a letter after the vowel is "f, l, or s," the letter is doubled.

Examples: staff, ball, pass.

sometimes a vowel can be "Y"
Examples: gym, cry A word ending in y comes before a consonant is changed to the y to I before any suffix except one beginning with I.

Ex) Beauty + ful = beautiful, Lady + es = ladies

Y as a long e:

When y or ey ends a word, the y has the long sound of e.

Ex) Shyness; babyhood

Exceptions when using Y: If the final y comes before a vowel, the rule does not apply.

Ex) Journeys, essays, obeying, repaying.

The “y to e” Rule

Ex) money, honey, many, key, funny. What is a consonant? Consonants: When b,d,g,m, n,or p appear after a short vowel in a word with two syllables,double the consonant: b, d, g, m, n, or p.

Examples: rabbit, manner, dagger, banner, drummer.

"Vowel-Consonant- e" Pattern
When a short word ,or the last syllable of a longer word, ends in this pattern:

The first vowel is usually long and the e is silent.

Examples: place, cake, mice, vote, mute. Double consonant rule Having two vowels next to another When two vowels are next to each other, the first vowel is long (the sound is the same as the sound of the letter) while the second vowel is silent.

For examples; leap, seat, plain, rain, goat, road, lie, pie. The “y to i” Rule I Before E, E Before I Using i before e, except after c, or when sounded as “a “as in “neighbor” and “weigh”.Example: Believe chief, piece and thief; deceive, receive, weigh, and freight.Common Exceptions: efficient, weird, height, neither, ancient, caffeine, foreign.E before IUsing e before I, only when there is a c in the beginning of the word then the e will be before i. Examples: Friend, receive, receipt. Activity Time! Step 1: Choose one person to represent the group.
Step 2: Start naming different words relating to what you've just learned
Step 3: Narrow it down to the last 2 people
Step 4: Last 2 people are your Winners!!!


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