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Russian Revolution Crunchbook
Transcript of Russian Revolution Crunchbook
Gina Montegna Clergy Facts Clergy Pictures Intellectuals Nobility Facts and Pictures Peasants Facts Intellectuals Pictures PeasantPictures Performed religious services divided into 2 groups : monks and village priests.
Russian people respected monks as a source of learning and spiritual power.
Men who became village priests lived very differently from monks.
Village priests usually lived difficult lives.
After being married, most priests were assigned by Church officials to a village. As the 19th century progressed, more and more people began to talk ad write about how Russia could be improved. These people came to be known as intellectuals.
Early intellectuals were from nobility, while later ones were revolutionaries who went against the government. these people often had to work "underground".
Westerners: wanted industrialization and democracy; believed that Russia should Westernize
Slavophiles- believed that they should focus on the peasant farmer; beleived that the peasant farmers should continue to drive the economy
Middle class groups:
Populists: Believed that the peasants could easily be organized into a revolution because of their strong hatred towards the autocratic government
Marxist: Believed in Marxist communism (working class would eventually overthrow the government to create a classless society During the 1800's, the tsar and the Russian Nobility controlled much of the land and wealth of Russia.
Nobles generally served as military officers or government officials for at least five years.
The government gave them money, land , and serfs for their services.
The average noble family owned about 1,500 acres of land and 200 serfs. The typical home consisted of a crowded one room hut called and Izba.
To live through the harsh winters, they made the pech (where they live) the center of their lives.
Peasant religion usually blended Russian Orthodox Christianity with traditional spiritual beliefs in the powers of Mother Earth, the Sun, and the Moon.