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FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

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by

Jenny Freire

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

Grammar structures. FOCUS ON GRAMMAR TO BE VERB TO BE VERB ARTICLES NOUNS AJECTIVES PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE SINGULAR
subject + be

Affirmative Negative
I am I am not
He is He is not
She is She is not
It is It is not

Examples:
I am a student.
He/She is from Ecuador.
It is easy. SINGULAR

Affirmative Negative
Subject + be be + not
I was I wasn't
You were You weren't
He was He wasn't
She was She wasn't
It was It wasn't
Examples:
He/She was busy yesterday.
You weren't a student. SINGULAR
Am I in room 2?
Are you in room 2?
he
Is she in room 2?
it A
Use A before
a consonant sound.
Examples:
A chair.
A baker.
She´s a nurse.
A new car. Adjectives describe nouns. We also use prepositions in addresses:
Examples:
He is in Ecuador.
She is in Riobamba.
It´s on Olmedo Street.
We are at 104 Guayaquil Street.
They're on the third floor.
I am on the corner of Carabobo Street.
Present tense PLURAL
subject + be

Affirmative Negative (+not)
We are We are not
You are You are not
They are They are not

Examples:
We/They are not doctors.
You are not famous. Past Tense PLURAL

Affirmative Negative
Subject + be be + not
We were We weren't
You were You weren´t
They were They weren't

Examples:
We/You/They were in Peru.
They weren't at work last week. Are names of people, places, and things.
Examples:
a student, a country, a camera. A and AN are undefined articles.
They are used in singular, not in plural. AN
Use AN before a vowel sound. Examples:
An apple.
He's an engineer.
An old man. Adjectives can come:
After the verb be
Before a noun Noun Be Adjective
The room is small.
The rooms are small. Adjective Noun
It is a small room.
They are small rooms. Note: also use AN before an H that is silent.
An hour. Note: Do not add -S to adjectives. Some adjectives end in -ING, -LY, or -ED.
interesting, friendly, tired. Tell where something is. For prepositions before places use:
IN or AT
Examples:
John is at work now.
Sophie and Peter are in school from 8 to 12. PRESENT AND PAST OF BE: YES/NO QUESTIONS Yes, you are.
Yes, I am.
he isn´t.
No, she isn't.
it isn't. PLURAL
we
Are you on time?
they Yes, you are.
No, we aren't.
Yes, they are. SINGULAR
Was I in school yesterday?
Were you in school yesterday?
he
Was she in school yesterday?
it Yes, you were.
No, I wasn't.
he wasn't.
No, she wasn't.
it wasn't. PLURAL
we
Were you at home last night?
they Yes, you were.
No, we weren't.
Yes, they were.
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