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National defense and Foreign Relations

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by

Cydne Robinson

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of National defense and Foreign Relations

Joint Chiefs of Staff
National Defense &
Foreign Policy
American Foreign policy:
A history
Membership?
Purpose?
Ex)
No executive authority
President Obama pulling troops from Afghanistan
Military
Uses of the military
Military Action
Foreign Protection
National Security Council
Membership?
Purpose?
Ex)
1969-1974 President Nixon and Henry Kissinger
Detente
SALT I Treaty
Diplomatic pressure on Soviet Union
Opening of China
Central Intelligence Agency
Membership?
Purpose?
Ex)
Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cold War
The President
Economy
Economic Instruments
Tariffs
Interdependency

-Treaties
-Troops
-Appointments
Balance of Trade deficit
Your World
National defense and Foreign Relations
Military Aid
Actors on the World Scene
International Organizations
Ex) United Nations
Regional Organizations
Ex) NATO
Ex) Churches and Labor Unions
Nongovernmental Organizations
Terrorism
Ex) Hijackers
Diplomacy
Treaties
No Chic Cocktail Parties
What is it?
Not just your ma and pops foreign policy
Who is it?
Ukraine
Summits
"Oh please, Crimea river"
-Skyler Ray
-Biggest confrontation between US and Russia since the Cold War

World War I (HELLE)
Woodrow Wilson
Neutrality & isolation
Private corporations
End of neutrality
Before NSC, CIA
Peace conference at Versailles
Wilson's Fourteen Points
League of Nations
"Wilsonianism"
World War 2 (SKYLER)
Franklin D Roosevelt
Neutrality & isolation
Lend-lease
End of neutrality
Pearl Harbor
Member of the Allies instead of just an "associate"
Marshall Plan
End of isolationism
United Nations
World peace
"Wilsonianism"
-Ukraines ethnic division
-Crimea finds oil
-Annexation
- Nato doesn't recognize
-Why US involvement?
Cold war (LAURA)
US v. USSR
Containment
Diplomatic initiatives
NATO
Opening of the People's Republic of China
Detente
1980s President Reagan
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
Reagan and Soviet leader Gorbachev
Collapse of USSR in 1991
Post-Cold War (HELLE)
economic prosperity
9/11 terrorist attacks
War on Terrorism
preventive action, not just preemptive (Bush Doctrine)
humanitarian assistance through non-governmental organizations
military power not as important in foreign policy as it used to be
Americans got sick of war
Where do we come in?
Ukraine Aid Bill
Loans
Sanctions
restrictions on Russian involvement
reforms of the International Monetary Fund.
Obama's involvement
"diplomatic resolution to crisis"
OMG SDI S"CUTE
Defense Spending
Peace dividend is a political slogan popularized by US President George H.W. Bush and UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the early 1990s, purporting to describe the economic benefit of a decrease in defense spending. It is used primarily in discussions relating to the guns versus butter theory. The term was frequently used at the end of the Cold War, when many Western nations significantly cut military spending.


Peace dividend
Nuclear Triad
Sanctions
EX) OPEC
Consequences
Cons of Increased Spending:
Debt
Already ahead of the game
Activate peace
Pros of Increased spending:
Other threats
Priorities
Strength

http://www.debate.org/opinions/should-military-spending-be-increased
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