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History of Educational Technology
Transcript of History of Educational Technology
Early cultures used sign writing to record and transmit information.
The Sophists of Ancient Greece systematically applied knowledge to instruction.
The quill pen was used for writing.
Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press.
Egyptians wrote hieroglyphics on papyrus.
Cuneiform, parchment, and vellum were developed.
The Chinese invent an early form of abacus
"Diamond Sutra", the oldest dated book, was printed.
Blaise Pascal invented the first mechanical calculator.
John Amos Comenius publishes the first picture book.
The first batch of mass-produced pencils were manufactured in Nuremberg, Germany.
Public schools adopt the teacher/manager model.
The blackboard is first used in military classrooms.
Joseph Jacquard automates weaving looms using punched cards.
Johann Pestalozzi introduced sensory learning to classrooms.
The first permanent photograph was made by Nicéphore Niépce using a camera obscura.
Lewis Waterman introduced the first practical fountain pen.
Maria Montessori established Casa dei Bambini.
Sidney Pressey created a machine suitable for rote-and-drill learning.
Educational films started being used as instructional media.
Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer (ENIAC)
- the first all-purpose digital computer
Punched cards and paper tape
Up to 4K of memory
Machine language and assembly language
First Generation of Computers
Computers were first used as a flight simulator for training pilots at MIT.
Second Generation of Computers
Up to 32K of memory
COBOL and FORTRAN
IBM 350 RAMAC
Computers were first used in public schools to teach New York elementary students binary arithmetic
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations), the first computer-assisted instruction (CAI) system
James T. Russell invented the digital compact disc.
Third Generation of Computers
3 million bytes of memory
Texas Instruments developed the first hand-held electronic calculator
ARPANET, the Internet's forerunner, went online.
Espanilla, James Joy Heart C.
Pelayo, Danzyl Mhelbby L.
Villadolid, Zarina I.
Fourth Generation of Computers
1971 to the present
Intel created its first microprocessor.
The first microcomputer, Altair 8800, was sold.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computer and released Apple I.
Public schools adopted the use of personal computers in classrooms.
Radio Shack TRS-80
Japan Victor Company (JVC) introduced the VHS format video cassette recorder.
Shiva Ayyadurai invented Email.
Sesame Street debuted on TV in 1969.
Time Berners Lee invented the World Wide Web.
HyperTextMarkup Language (HTML) was created.
Schools around the world began to integrate video conferencing into their distance learning programs.
Use of Web 2.0 Tools in the Classroom
The Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (WELL), a bulletin board system to create a virtual community, was founded.
First personal computer by IBM
Apple Macintosh computer is developed.
Computer-based tutorials and learning games are also developed by commercial software manufacturers.
Multimedia PC was introduced to schools.
SMART created the SMART Board interactive whiteboard.
Schools create web pages.
CD-ROMs with educational games become popular.
Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information within the ever-growing number of web pages.
Trek Technology and IBM began selling the first USB flash drives commercially.
Museums and historic sites sponsor online “field trips”.
Wi-Fi “hot spots” emerge.
iPad was invented.
Amazon sells more eBooks than print books.
B.F. Skinner developed a teaching machine.