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History of Educational Technology

Timeline
by

z villadolid

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of History of Educational Technology

History of
Educational Technology

500 BC
600 AD
1440
Pictographs
Early cultures used sign writing to record and transmit information.
techne
The Sophists of Ancient Greece systematically applied knowledge to instruction.
888 AD
The quill pen was used for writing.
2000 BC
Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press.
3000 BC
Egyptians wrote hieroglyphics on papyrus.
Cuneiform, parchment, and vellum were developed.
The Chinese invent an early form of abacus
Ancient Times
Middle Ages
"Diamond Sutra", the oldest dated book, was printed.
1642
Pascaline
Blaise Pascal invented the first mechanical calculator.
Ancient Times
John Amos Comenius publishes the first picture book.
1658
1662
The first batch of mass-produced pencils were manufactured in Nuremberg, Germany.
1600s
Public schools adopt the teacher/manager model.
1780
The blackboard is first used in military classrooms.
1801
1700s
Joseph Jacquard automates weaving looms using punched cards.
Johann Pestalozzi introduced sensory learning to classrooms.
1805
1800s
The first permanent photograph was made by Nicéphore Niépce using a camera obscura.
1826
Lewis Waterman introduced the first practical fountain pen.
1884
1907
Maria Montessori established Casa dei Bambini.
Sidney Pressey created a machine suitable for rote-and-drill learning.
1924
1926
Educational films started being used as instructional media.
1943
1956
Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer (ENIAC)
- the first all-purpose digital computer
Vacuum tubes
Punched cards and paper tape
Up to 4K of memory
Machine language and assembly language
First Generation of Computers
1950
Computers were first used as a flight simulator for training pilots at MIT.
Second Generation of Computers
Transistors
Up to 32K of memory
COBOL and FORTRAN
IBM 350 RAMAC
1959
Computers were first used in public schools to teach New York elementary students binary arithmetic
1960
PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations), the first computer-assisted instruction (CAI) system
James T. Russell invented the digital compact disc.
1963
1965
Third Generation of Computers
Integrated circuits
3 million bytes of memory
1967
Texas Instruments developed the first hand-held electronic calculator
1943-1956
1956-1963
1965-1971
1970
ARPANET, the Internet's forerunner, went online.
1971
Espanilla, James Joy Heart C.
Jangao, Jonathan
Pelayo, Danzyl Mhelbby L.
Villadolid, Zarina I.

Group 6
Fourth Generation of Computers
1971 to the present
Intel created its first microprocessor.
The first microcomputer, Altair 8800, was sold.
1975
1972
1976
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computer and released Apple I.
1977
1978
Public schools adopted the use of personal computers in classrooms.
Apple II
Commodore PET
Radio Shack TRS-80
Japan Victor Company (JVC) introduced the VHS format video cassette recorder.
Shiva Ayyadurai invented Email.
1980
1990
1980s
Sesame Street debuted on TV in 1969.
Time Berners Lee invented the World Wide Web.
1989
HyperTextMarkup Language (HTML) was created.
2000
1995
Schools around the world began to integrate video conferencing into their distance learning programs.
Use of Web 2.0 Tools in the Classroom
1969
1983
The Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (WELL), a bulletin board system to create a virtual community, was founded.
1981
First personal computer by IBM
1984
Apple Macintosh computer is developed.
Computer-based tutorials and learning games are also developed by commercial software manufacturers.
Multimedia PC was introduced to schools.
1991
SMART created the SMART Board interactive whiteboard.
Schools create web pages.
CD-ROMs with educational games become popular.
1998
Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information within the ever-growing number of web pages.
1990s
Trek Technology and IBM began selling the first USB flash drives commercially.
Museums and historic sites sponsor online “field trips”.
Wi-Fi “hot spots” emerge.
2010
iPad was invented.
2000s
Amazon sells more eBooks than print books.

Webcasts, podcasts,3Ds
2010s
1957
B.F. Skinner developed a teaching machine.
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