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Transcript of Russia
Federation-type of sovereign state characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central (federal) government. The Landscape... Mostly flat, has lots of forests in the north, and mountians in the south. Economic Activite(s): Services, Carpenry, painting, musician People... Climate issues- Russia produces a significant portion of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions and is therefore an important country in the international climate negotiations. Human Interaction with the Environment: Issues: Erosion/Degradation of Land/Water- Land and water resources experienced severe degradation during the Soviet period. Chemical fertilizers and airborne pollutants have contaminated some agricultural areas. Soil resources have also been adversely affected by mismanagement. Deforestation/Destruction of Rorests- Forests in more accessible parts of the country suffer from deforestation caused by extensive logging. Culture: The Russian Family
. The Russian family is dependent upon all its members.
. Most families live in small apartments, often with 2 or 3 generations sharing little space.
. Most families are small, often with only one child because most women must also work outside of the house in addition to bearing sole responsibility for household and childrearing chores. Russian Pride
. Russians are proud of their country.
. Songs and poems are the virtues of their homeland.
. They accept that their lives are difficult and pride themselves on being able to flourish in conditions that others could not.
. They take great pride in their cultural heritage and expect the rest of the world to admire it. Russian names are comprised of:
. First name, which is the person's given name.
. Middle name, which is a version of the father's first name formed by adding '- vich' or '-ovich' for a male and '-avna' or '- ovna' for a female. The son of Ivan would be named Ivanovich while the daughter's name would be Ivanovna.
. Last name, which is the family or surname. Gift Giving Etiquette
Gift giving using takes place between family and close friends on birthdays, New Year, and Orthodox Christmas.
. If you are invited to a Russian home for a meal, bring a small gift.
. Male guests are expected to bring flowers.
. Do not give yellow flowers.
. Do not give a baby gift until after the baby is born. It is bad luck to do so sooner.
. Russians often protest when they are offered a gift. Reply that it is a little something and offer the gift again and it will generally be accepted. Dining Etiquette
If you are invited to a Russian's house:
. Arrive on time or no more than 15 minutes later than invited.
. Remove your outdoor shoes. You may be given slippers to wear.
. Dress in clothes you might wear to the office. Dressing well shows respect for your hosts.
. Offer to help the hostess with the preparation or clearing up after a meal is served. This may be turned down out of politeness. Asking 'are you sure?' allows the hostess to accept your offer. Table manners:
. Fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
. The oldest or most honred guest is served first.
. Do not begin eating until the host invites you to start.
. Do not rest your elbows on the table, although your hands should be visible at all times.
. You will often be urged to take second helpings.
. It is polite to use bread to soak up gravy or sauce.
. Leaving a small amount of food on your plate indicates that your hosts have provided lots of hospitality.
. Do not get up until you are invited to leave the table. At formal dinners, the guest of honor is the first to get up from the table. Money Russian dollars/coins are called Rubles Colors: White - peace and honesty
Red - hardiness, bravery, strength, and valour
Blue - vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice From Russia to America