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African Drumming Music

Music Project Pauline, Cora, Rachel, Meliha 8E/F 2012
by

Meliha Horzum

on 8 May 2012

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Transcript of African Drumming Music

WORLD MUSIC
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN DRUMMING
INSTRUMENTS
DJEMBE (Pronounced "JEMBE")
The djembe is a rope-tuned skin-covered drum played with bare hands. Djembe players use three basic sounds: bass, tone, and slap, which have a low, medium, and high pitch. These sounds are achieved by different striking techniques and positions. The bass sound is produced by striking the drum with the palm and flat fingers near the center of the skin. Tone and slap are produced by striking the drum closer to the edge. The contact area of the fingers determines whether the sound is a tone or a slap. The basic sounds are played "open", meaning that the hands rebound immediately after a strike, so that the contact time with the skin is as short as possible.
RATTLES
Rattles are among the art forms in Africa, used both as a musical instrument and as a work of sculpture. They come in many different shapes and sizes, and are often empty shells with dried seeds on the inside. Rattles are extremely easy and fun to play. All it takes is a flick of the wrist, and you'll have made music.
Famous Gourd Rattles of Africa
A slit drum is a hollow percussion instrument, that has tongues carved out of its top. Each tongue is tuned to a different note in a scale. When a tongue is played it vibrates up and down producing a warm woody tone. Playing the slit drum is enjoyable and easy. Since all tones are in harmony there are no "wrong notes". You can use the rubber mallets to lightly strike the tongues or you can play the drum with the tips of your fingers.
Slit Drums
Society
Art, Architecture and Fashion.
The Africans enjoy and take-part in many forms of art but their main art revolves around the common three dimensionally themes of human figures, sculptures, non-linear scaling and abstract visuals. The most convenient form of art relates to the performed arts and dances of Africans. Africans decide to use masks and human sculptures to interpret their culture of dance and music. The music shows an expression of spiritual notions, social norms, ideas, values, etc.
Yoruba bronze
head sculpture
Music and dance
in Sub-Saharan
societies
Tribal Drum Performance
in Sub-Saharan
Like other cultural aspects of Africa, the architecture is very diverse. Throughout Africa’s history, there have been many groups of people with their own architectural traditions. In some cases, broader styles can be identified and a common theme in traditional African architecture is the use of fractal scaling; small parts of the structure tend to look similar to larger parts(a circular village made of circular houses). African architecture uses a wide range of materials. Structures are built with thatch, stick/wood, mud, mud brick, rammed earth, and stone. A wall would most likely be built of stone, rammed earth, mud/mud brick or wood.
This picture shows a type of dwelling in Africa
Africans have adopted Western-style clothing, but they still have their own traditional clothing style. Some types of clothing are shema, kuta, kanga, kitenges, kikoy, and kente, which are all different types of cloth. Kanga comes in rectangular shapes and is then put together to make clothes. Kitenges are like kangas and kikoy, but are a thicker type of cloth. Unlike the others, kente is made mostly of silk from various moth species. Other types of materials used for clothing include; cotton, animal hide and skins. Hides from cattle, sheep, goat, and elephant are used for clothing. While the skins are tanned to form leather, that is then embedded with beads.
These pieces
of cloth
are used
by women
all over
Africa
Women in Sub-Saharan wear a lot of bright colors
The Music.
The society of the sub-saharan is a term that is used for the continents that lie south of the Sahara Desert. The education in the Sub-Saharan isn’t distributed properly in the region. The teachers in the schools are not being informed of the issues of the school. They lack school materials and they are lacking connection with the community. Also as for the class structure, Sub-Saharan Africans are not very wealthy. Most were encountered as slaved Sub-Saharan Africans.
The music they generate are made from items you can find in everyday life but only those who are wealthy can be able to hear a performance from those who are not as fortunate to play their musical talents. The music is not only for entertainment purposes, the Africans also used their music as a part of conduct in their daily routines. The purpose of the Sub-Saharan music not for context purposes. They are mainly featured for sacral music, special dances, ceremonial purposes, and courtly music at royal courts.They were also used for the religions, battles, lullabies, and work. Overall, the society of the Sub-Saharan is something we think that is getting better, aiming to have a better society.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Countries of The Sub-Saharan
The type of music played is homogeneity which means the compositions are formed in parts, or elements. Sometimes, they also do play monophonic or polyphonic forms. Monophonic means a musical style that is made of a single melodic line without accompaniment.
Polyphonic means having two or more voices or parts, each with an independent melody, but all harmonizing at the same time.
Type Of Music
Explainations of the
rhythms.
Africans tend to use many percussion instruments and plays them in simple rhythms such as polyrhythms, syncopation, hemiola, and cross-rhythms. Polyrhythms are the frequent occurrences of sharply contrasting rhythms within the composition. Syncopations is when there are accents on the beats that are not the main ones. Hemiola is when they are in beats of twos and threes. And finally, cross-rhythms are the combinations of contrasting rhythms at once. Unlike the western rhythms 4 even beats of 12 beats, Africans decide to be divisive and turn the beats into something like, 5 and 7 or 3, 4 and 5.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djembe
/wiki/Rhythm_in_Sub-Saharan_Africa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djembe
#Sound_and_striking_technique
http://kalimbas.com/drums.htm
http://www.africanmusicblog.com/tag/sub-saharan-african-music
http://scholar.google.ca/scholar?q=sub-saharan+africa+class+structure&hl=en&as_sdt=0&as_vis=1&oi=scholart&sa=X&ei=V56HT8OzGsqbtwfggLGyCA&sqi=2&ved=0CBgQgQMwAA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sub-Saharan_Africa#Music
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Africa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sub-Saharan_Africa
http://educationsubsaharanafrica.org/
http://www.answers.com/topic/music-of-africa
THE END. :)
Thanks.
for
watching.
By: Meliha H., Cora F., Pauline P. and Rachel S. 8E/F
Full transcript