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Introduction to Myth

Intro to Myth
by

Matthew Nepomuceno

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Introduction to Myth

Introduction to Myth and Folklore What is a myth? Myth : (1) a story (2) that is usually of unknown origin and (3) at least partially traditional (4) that ostensibly relates historical events usually of such description as (5) to serve to explain some particular event, institution, or natural phenomenon (Webster) Myths are certain products of the imagination of a
people which take the form of stories. A myth is a story about gods, other supernatural
beings, or heroes of a long past time. Myths are certain products of the imagination of a people which take the form of stories. (H.J. Rose in A Handbook of Greek Mythology)
A myth is a story about gods, other supernatural beings, or heroes of a long past time. The Terrible Mother-witch; sorceress, femme fatale SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings Garden-innocence; paradise; unspoiled beauty SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings Although myths take specific shapes from different cultural environments, myths are generally “universal”.
Universal means similar motifs and themes are found in different myths
Images also recur in myths
These motifs and themes are called ARCHETYPES. Mythology and Archetypes MYTH is communal; it binds a tribe or a nation together in common psychological and spiritual activities
Myth unites the past (traditional modes of belief) with the present (current values) and reaching toward the future (spiritual and cultural aspirations) Importance of MYTH SAGA or Legend- Myths of this variety tend to be examples of primitive history; they contain a germ or seed of historical fact and enlarge upon it with great flourish. (e.g. War of Troy) TYPES OF MYTH Myth is a cognitive structure analogous to language through which primitive people organize their experiences. (J. Peradotto, Classical Mythology)

Myth is the symbolic form which is generated, shaped, and transmitted by the creative imagination of pre- and extra-logical people as they respond to and encapsulate the wealth of experience. (R.J. Schork, “Classical Mythology,” The Classic Journal) Introduction to Mythology & Folklore Wise Old Man- Savior, redeemer, guru; knowledgeable moral and spiritual; usually appears when the hero is helpless SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings Circle- wholeness; unity; eternity/infinity SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings Sun- Creative energy; law in nature; consciousness (enlightenment); father principle;
Sunrise- BIRTH
Sunset- DEATH SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings A. IMAGES
Water- mystery of creation; birth-death-resurrection; purification and redemption; fertility and growth; unconscious SAMPLE ARCHETYPES & their meanings MYTH is speculative and philosophical; its affinities are religion, anthropology, & cultural history
The study of myths reveals the mind & character of a people
Myth is the representation of our awareness in the universe Importance of MYTH Look for at least 2 myths and categorize them according to the types discussed in class.
List down the characters together with their characteristics/traits/powers/roles

Be sure to cite your reference. As much as possible, avoid using the Internet as your source. ASSIGNMENT FABLE- Main characters are animals with human characteristics; usually moralistic and pedagogical (e.g. Ang Pagong at ang Matsing) TYPES OF MYTH FOLKTALE/FAIRY TALE- Myths of this species tend to be examples of primitive fiction. Tales of this sort are told for pleasure and amusement. Frequently the stories contain supernatural characters such as ghosts, elves, dwarfs, or demons, and they often include elements of magic, e.g., spells, potions, and objects. (e.g. Sleeping Beauty) TYPES OF MYTH Pure myth- Myths of this kind tend to be examples of primitive science or religion. They explain natural phenomena or the origin of things, and they describe how individuals should behave toward the gods. (e.g. Purusa Sukta of India & other Creation Myths) TYPES OF MYTH Myth : (1) a story (2) that is usually of unknown origin and (3) at least partially traditional (4) that ostensibly relates historical events usually of such description as (5) to serve to explain some particular event, institution, or natural phenomenon (Webster) What is a MYTH? Mandala-Spiritual Unity Ouroboros-eternal cycle of life Yin Yang
Unity of opposite forces
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