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04.09 The Birth of New Ideas - Module Project
Transcript of 04.09 The Birth of New Ideas - Module Project
Palace of Westminster
Located in the Right bank of the Seine in Paris. The Louvre palace is a former Royal Palace. Built in 1990 by King Phillip II, and Phillippe Auguste as a arsenal fortress. It was later improved and expanded by Charles V who ruled from 1364-1380. The evidence that it was built during the renaissance is the columns that were Corinthian style. During Reformation in 1364 Raymond du temple architect to Charles V. started transforming the fortress into a royal residence. After Chalres VI died the palace was set aside until 1527.
The Norte Dame Cathedral was built by Maurice De SUlly. He was the Bishop of Paris he created the Cathedral for the purpose of expanding population and as dedication to the Virgin Mary. Construction started in 1163 but not completed until 1345. Evidence of that it was present during the Renaissance is the use of Gothic Architectural style. During the reformation in 1548 there was rioting Huguenots members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th, 17th centuries that cause damaged to the cathedral. It went to several changes to modernize it.
Norte Dame Cathedral
Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress (Tower of London)
The Tower of London is a historic castle that is located North bank of the river "Thames" in Central London, England. The tower took place in both the Renaissance and Reformation. It was a "Concentric Castle" during the renaissance because of its large size. It allowed 21 towers to form a part in the London castle complex. It was built by William The conqueror in the year 1078. William was also a Norman King who Conquered England in 1066. The tower was completed in 1097.
Located at the top of Ludgate Hill, London, England. It existed during the Renaissance and the Reformation. It is known to be built during the Renaissance because of the Corinthian style columns. during the Reformation St. Paul was built from 1087-1314 and dedicated to Saint Paul also known as Paul the apostle. He is said to be most influential early christian missionary. The construction began after the reign of William the Conqueror after a fire took place in 1087 which destroyed most of the city. The Construction to more than 200 years and was delayed after another fire incident in 1135.
Museo Del Prado
This Museum is located in Central Madrid. It was built and established in 1819. The evidence that it was present during the Renaissance is that the paintings were created with Romanesque, Gothic, and early Renaissance style. The Museum contains frescoes From Santa Cruz De Maderuelo and San Baudelio De Berlanga which were most important paintings. An example is the "Saint John The Baptist Altarpiece" there are also examples of Early Spanish Renaissance paintings example is "The Flagellation" by Alejo Fernadez.
Plaza De Cibeles
This Plaza was built in the reign of Charles III and designed by Ventura Rodriguez between 1777 and 1782. Today's location used to form part of a wooded, longitudinal axis. During the Renaissance, they separated the Urban section of Madrid from Monastic and palace complexes and used to have three main sections.
Located in England, London was an important English city during the Renaissance and the Reformation. During the Renaissance contributions were made mainly artistic and architectural. As for Reformation, William the conqueror who invaded London. They are three must see places in London. The tower of London, The Palace of Westminster, and St. Paul's cathedral.
This tower is located in the middle of the river" Thames" in a city called Westminster, in Central London. This Palace also existed during the Renaissance & Reformation. There is evidence that the palace was built during the renaissance because of its "Gothic Structure" Which gave way in the 16th, 17th centuries. During the Reformation the palace was built for Edward the Confessor after he died in 1066, It became the home of William the Conquer and his court. William's son, William Rufus had plans of enlarging the palace but did not happen until after his death in 1100. The palace was still the main residence for the kings and the court ; until Henry VIII abandoned it for "Whitehall" palace in 1512 but it was still the administrative center of the Kingdom. The king's council met in Westminster hall were the "model" parliament was summoned by Edward I but he died so they held their deliberations separately.
Paris is Located in France. It had many Artistic and Cultural Movements between the late 15th & early 17th centuries as a contribution to the renaissance, The must see place in Paris are : Palais du louvre (Louvre Palace), Norte Dame de Paris (Norte Dame Cathedral), and Le Jardin Des Tuileries (Tuileries Garden)
This is a Public garden located in Place de la Conncorde. It was created by Catherine de Medicis as part of the Tuileries palace in 1564 and was first opened to public in 1667. It became a public park after the First revolution. It was inspired by Italian Renaissance design. It has symmetrical and geometric perspectives. which were uses during the renaissance.
Florence is located in Italy and is situated in a basin among the Senese Clavey Hills. Florence was only important during the Renaissance and it is considered to be the birthplace of it. As of today Florence still influences the art field as it had artistic contributions in the late seventeenth century. The must see places are: The basilica di Santa Maria Del Fiore (Basilica of Saint Mary of the flower), The Galleria Degli Uffizi (Uffizi Gallery), and the Museo Nazionale del Bargello (National Museum of the Bargello).
Basilica of Saint Mary of the flower
This Cathedral is the main church of Florence, it is located in the Piazza Del Duomo. It was originally called "Duomo" which means cathedral church. The building started out in 1296 by Arnolfo di Cambio. The evidence that it was present during the Renaissance is that it was created with the architectural style of Gothic Renaissance. The building was completed in 1436.
National Museum of the Bargello
This Museum also now as "Palace of the people" was a former barracks and prison. Today it is an art museum and is located alongside the Volognana Tower. The word "bargello" means castle. The castle's construction began in 1256 which was when its original two story structure was built and the third story was added after the fire in 1323. The Museum shows its existence during the Renaissance because of its large Gothic and Renaissance structures that it contains. The sculptures are masterpieces such as David Pollo created by Michelangelo.
Rome located in Italy is referred to as the "The Eternal City" a notion expressed by ancient Roman writers was important during the Renaissance and the Reformation time period. The must see places in Rome are: The Pantheon, The Colosseum, and the Trevi Fountain.
The Pantheon was a temple to all the gods in Ancient Rome it was said to have been built in 27 B.C by Marcus Agrippa it was later rebuilt in 126 A.D. The Writing it has "M AGRIPPA L F COS TERTIUM FECIT" translates to "Built by Marcus Agrippa, the son of Lucius, third counsul" During the Renaissance it was used as a tomb. Painters and architects were buried there as they saw it as there inspiration. During the reformation there were some christian modifications,
The Colosseum is located in the center of the city of Rome. It was originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. It was built by the Vespasianus and slaves. it was built for Spectacular events, to impress, and make the citizens happy. The construction began in 72 AD and endend in 82 AD it was built in 10 years. It was also the symbol of the Renaissance. During the Refomation, Church official created an official role for the Colosseum. Pope Sixtus V palnned to transfrom it into a wool factory but failed because of his death.
The Trevi fountain was built in 1732 by Nicola Salvi as a result of being comissioned by Pope Clement XII. It was completed in 1762 there is evidence that it exixested during the Renissance because of its columns and Cornithian style. In 1453 Pope Nicholas V finished the Acqua Vergine which means "virgin water" it is an aquaduct that was built with a simple basin. During the Reformation in in 1730 Pope Clement XII organized a contest on who would build the fountain Nicola Salvi won but later died leaving it unfinished. It was completed in 1762 by Giuseppe Pannini.
Madrid located in Spain was important during the Renaissance. In 1561 Philip II had shifted the court to Madrid from which no official decelerations were made bu himself. The holy Roman Emperor and Philip's father Chalres I of Spain favored "Seville" which controlled commerce with Spain's colonies, even though he was controlled by Madrid. Madrid also had significant importance to the european Explorations because Spain had the newest ships that could withstand long voyages. The Must See Places Are: Museo Del Prado (Museum of the Meadow), the Royal Palace of Madrid, and Plaza de Cibeles (Cybele Plaza)
Royal Palace of Madrid
This Palace id located on Calle de Bailen in the Western part of downtown Madrid. It stared out in April 7, 1738 by Filippo Juvarra the construction ended in 1764. During the Renaissance it was under Emperor Charles V it underwent a large amount of reformation in the Alcazar and added Renaissance features that suited his style. The Columns also have Renaissance features because of their cornithian style.
The Galleria Delgi Uffizi
The Uffizi gallery is one of the most oldest and famous museum in the Western world. Construction of the building started out in 1560 by Giorgio Vasari and ended 1581 by Bernardo Buontalenti.