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The Partition of Bengal: 1905

Presented by: Usama Abdul Ahad & Dheeraj Kumar of IX-Cambridge/D
by

Usama & Ahsan

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of The Partition of Bengal: 1905

East
West
The Need of Partition!
Bengal was the largest of the provinces of India. British claimed that this was a huge area to govern as one unit as it was too much populated at the time of 19th century.
1905
It included
WESTERN BENGAL
With a population of
54 MILLION!
42 million Hindus
12 million Muslims
EAST BENGAL AND ASSAM
With a population of
31 MILLION!
12 million Hindus
18 million Muslims
Partition in Action!
In 1903, Viceroy Curzon proposed that Bengal should be divided into two regions.
East Bengal
(including: Assam, Dhaka, Chittagong & Mymensingh)
West Bengal
The British partitioned Bengal as Curzon had suggested.
IN THE VIEW OF
Muslims
The Muslims were delighted with the partition. Their position was improved overnight. Since 1867, the British had mistrusted the Muslims and Hindus had gained all the advantages. Now at last, they had true recognition as they got a province in which Muslims were in majority. Thus, they got freedom from Hindus' oppression.
Hindus
Hindus believed that the British had divided Bengal according to their
'divide and rule'
policy. They believed that British had tried to weaken Hindu power by dividing Bengal and establishing East Bengal with a Muslim majority. The partition aroused fury among Hindus; followed by protests. They proclaimed 16 October 1905 (day of partition) as a day of mourning. They boycotted British goods. This 'Swadeshi Movement' spread rapidly. Soon, the sale of British goods dropped dramatically.
HINDUS
MUSLIMS
Presented By
Usama Abdul Ahad
and
Dheeraj Kumar
of
IX-Cambridge/D
Full transcript