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The Partition of Bengal: 1905
Transcript of The Partition of Bengal: 1905
The Need of Partition!
Bengal was the largest of the provinces of India. British claimed that this was a huge area to govern as one unit as it was too much populated at the time of 19th century.
With a population of
42 million Hindus
12 million Muslims
EAST BENGAL AND ASSAM
With a population of
12 million Hindus
18 million Muslims
Partition in Action!
In 1903, Viceroy Curzon proposed that Bengal should be divided into two regions.
(including: Assam, Dhaka, Chittagong & Mymensingh)
The British partitioned Bengal as Curzon had suggested.
IN THE VIEW OF
The Muslims were delighted with the partition. Their position was improved overnight. Since 1867, the British had mistrusted the Muslims and Hindus had gained all the advantages. Now at last, they had true recognition as they got a province in which Muslims were in majority. Thus, they got freedom from Hindus' oppression.
Hindus believed that the British had divided Bengal according to their
'divide and rule'
policy. They believed that British had tried to weaken Hindu power by dividing Bengal and establishing East Bengal with a Muslim majority. The partition aroused fury among Hindus; followed by protests. They proclaimed 16 October 1905 (day of partition) as a day of mourning. They boycotted British goods. This 'Swadeshi Movement' spread rapidly. Soon, the sale of British goods dropped dramatically.
Usama Abdul Ahad