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The 1920s

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Diane Sherwin

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of The 1920s

By Shay Tiarks and Diane Sherwin The 1920s 2. The Palmer Raids Palmer was the attorney general of the United States. The Palmer Raids were attempts by the Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists and anarchists from the United States.
Sacco and Vanzetti were anarchists from Italy in the United States at the time of the Palmer Raids. They were executed. This was the fear of communism during the 1920’s. \There were over 150,000 anarchists and communists in the U.S. in 1920 alone. 1. The Red Scare Office after the Palmer Raids The Scare itself was caused by the revelation in April of that year that a militant Communist group existed in the United States, and that it was plotting to send mail bombs to a number of prominent figures in the government and several rich capitalists. On June 2nd 1919, bombs exploded in eight different cities within an hour of each other. One of the targets was Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, whose home was bombed. The strikes of 1919, there were 3,600 that year alone, revealed widespread hostility toward recent immigrants and second generation Americans. This fear was exampled by the "Red Scare." Many Americans believed the strikes were just examples of the communists and anarchists trying to take over the government. The government's reply to the hysteria was the Palmer Raids. Attorney-General Palmer rounded up immigrants and labor organizers and strikers and imported many of them and jailed others 4. How did the Red Scare and Sacco and Vanzetti case contribute to immigration laws? There are two different kinds of immigration, illegal and legal. In the 1920s, there were still problems with illegal immigration. Nativists wanted immigration laws. They are people that have been in America for a while and they want people to conform to their ways. They focused a lot on religion. The Italian immigrants, Sacco and Vanzetti, were arrested for an armed robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts, in which a guard and a paymaster were killed. They were promptly found guilty and sentenced to die in the electric chair.
The newly formed American Civil Liberties Union, Italian-American groups, and labor organizations publicized the fact that there was no hard evidence against the two and some of the evidence was invented by the prosecution. Sacco and Vanzetti admitted to being radicals in their political beliefs but proclaimed their innocence of the crime 6. Teapot Dome Political Cartoon They did not want the immigrants to take jobs from Americans. Immigration was limited to 350,000 people a year. The Red Scare was based on the fear of communism and losing our rights and Sacco and Vanzetti were executed because of their beliefs, both religious and political. Sacco and Vanzetti Propaganda Ku Klux Klan, often abbreviated KKK and informally known as the Klan, is the name of three distinct past and present far-right. organizations in the United States, which have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism. Since the mid-20th century, the KKK has also been anti-communist. The current manifestation is splintered into several chapters with no connections between each other; it is classified as a hate group by the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center. The Teapot Dome scandal was where the U.S. allowed for a private oil company to drill on public land if they paid the Secretary of the Intrior 300,000. This cartoon shows the people of America being run over by the goals of the White House. 8. Order of the Presidents: Theodore Roosevelt to Calvin Coolidge 1. Theodore Roosevelt
2. William Howard Taft
3. Woodrow Wilson
4. Warren G. Harding
5. Calvin Coolidge 7. President: Calvin Coolidge 10. 1920s: New Consumer Appliances New Appliances: the vacuum and the electric stove. John T. Scopes Trial: John Scopes was a high school Science teacher who was convicted of violating the Butler Act in Tennessee, where state-funded schools couldn't teach evolution. He went free on a technicality. Also, some old saloons were made into speakeasies. A speakeasy is a place where illegal alcohol was drunk. In some areas, there were more speakeasies then saloons before. All you needed to know was the secret location and the password.
Organized crime received a major boost from Prohibition. Mafia groups limited their activities to prostitution, gambling, and theft until 1920, when organized bootlegging manifested in response to the effect of Prohibition.[68] A profitable, often violent, black market for alcohol flourished. Powerful gangs corrupted law enforcement agencies, leading to racketeering. In essence prohibition provided a financial basis for organized crime to flourish.Rather than reducing crime it seemed prohibition had transformed the cities into battlegrounds between opposing bootlegging gangs Roles of Brian and Darrow: Brian argued the case for the prosecution and Darrow argued the case for the defense. Henry Ford is rightly regarded as an icon of American society. In 1903 when automobiles cost approximately $2,000, making them a luxury affordable only by the wealthy, he determined to build a car for the masses. When he introduced the Model T a few years later in 1908, he initiated a revolution in American Society that has never ended. Not only did Ford's Model T sell for only $950(less than half the price of other cars(within 19 years, its price had gone all the way down to $280, thanks to Ford's innovative manufacturing genius. He found a way to automate the manufacturing process by using an assembly line to make parts that used to be built completely by hand, thus lowering the price. In addition, he took a stand against the Selden patent for the internal combustion engine and won the right to use the engine without paying for it. Because of these moves, the Ford Model T became a car that Middle America could afford, and the Ford Motor Company sold over 15,000,000 of them. Flappers Flappers were women who rebelled in the 1920s and changed the role of women. Instead of women staying at home, they went out and did what they want. Spirit of St. Louis The Spirit of St. Louis was the single-seat airplane that Charles Lindenberg flew across the Atlantic Ocean and made history. Because he was so innovative, people all over the world can fly. Top 3 Book Jackets of the Era The Great Gatsby: F. Scott Fitzgerald This cartoon in the era of the Scopes trial presented evolution as: dangerous to one’s faith, “modern” education is cheating on God and the Bible; evolution is anti-religion; evolution is sacred and religious itself; the theory of evolution is collapsing, full of speculation and not fact-based. Such cartoons and anti-evolution pamphlets, according to Davis, “provide new insights into the intense debate about the meaning of science and the nature of religion that took place among American Protestants in the 1920s. From popular publications such as these, we see just how the fundamentalists and the modernists both attempted to influence public opnion about the religious image of science in the decade of the Scopes trial” The Old Man and the Sea: Ernest Hemingway Kingsblood Royal: Sinclair Lewis The Great Migration Philosophies of Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois, and Marcus Garvey World War I had expanded women's employment in new sectors of the economy, and by 1920, 25.6 percent of employed women worked in white-collar office-staff jobs, 23.8 percent in manufacturing, 18.2 percent in domestic service, and 12.9 percent in agriculture. While the first generation of college-educated women entered professions in the 1920s, they found opportunities only in nurturing "women's professions," such as nursing, teaching, social work, and, within medicine, pediatrics. Charles Lindbergh a renewal and flourishing of black literary
and musical culture during the years after
World War I in the Harlem
section of New York City. Harlem Renaissance: Marcus Garvey Dubois: advocated political action and civil rights He argued that social change could be accomplished by developing a group of college-educated blacks. Jacob Lawrence: Painting
Bessie Smith
Empty Bed Blues lyrics

Send "Empty Bed Blues" Ringtone to your Cell

Songwriters: JOHNSON

I woke up this morning with a awful aching head
I woke up this morning with a awful aching head
My new man had left me, just a room and a empty bed
Bought me a coffee grinder that's the best one I could find
Bought me a coffee grinder that's the best one I could find
Oh he could grind my coffee, cause he had a brand new grind
He's a deep sea diver with a stroke that can't go wrong
He's a deep sea diver with a stroke that can't go wrong
He can stay at the bottom and his wind holds out so long
He knows how to thrill me and he thrills me night and day
Oh he knows how to thrill me, he thrills me night and day
He's got a new way of loving, almost takes my breath away
Lord he's got that sweet somethin' and I told my girlfriend Lou
He's got that sweet somethin' and I told my girlfriend Lou
From the way she's raving, she must have gone and tried it too
(Part 2:)
When my bed get empty make me feel awful mean and blue
When my bed get empty make me feel awful mean and blue
My springs are getting rusty, sleeping single like I do
Bought him a blanket, pillow for his head at night
Bought him a blanket, pillow for his head at night
Then I bought him a mattress so he could lay just right
He came home one evening with his beret way up high
He came home one evening with his beret way up high
What he had to give me, make me wring my hands and cry
He give me a lesson that I never had before
He give me a lesson that I never had before
When he got to teachin' me, from my elbow down was sore
He poured my first cabbage and he made it awful hot
He poured my first cabbage and he made it awful hot
When he put in the bacon, it overflowed the pot
Another bride, another June
Another sunny honeymoon
Another season, another reason
For makin' whoopie

A lot of shoes, lot of rice
The groom is nervous, he answers twice
It's really killin' that he's so willin'
To makin' whoopie

Now picture a little love nest
Down where the roses cling
Picture the same sweet love nest
Think what a year can bring

Yes, he's washing dishes and baby clothes
He's so ambitious, he even sews
But don't forget folks, that's what you get folks
For makin' whoopie

Another year, maybe less
What's this I hear, well, can you guess?
She feels neglected and he's suspected
Of makin' whoopie

Yes, she sits alone most every night
He doesn't phone, he doesn't write
He says he's busy but she says, "Is he?"
He's makin' whoopie

Now he doesn't make much money
Only five thousand per
Some judge who thinks he's funny
Says you'll pay six to her

He says, "Now judge, suppose I fail?"
The judge says, "Budge right into jail"
You'd better keep her, I think it's cheaper
Than makin' whoopie

Yes, yeah, you'd better keep her, I think it's cheaper
Than makin' whoopie Garvey: Influenced by Booker T. Washington, Martin Delany, and Henry McNeal Turner. As I Grew Older

It was a long time ago.
I have almost forgotten my dream.
But it was there then,
In front of me,
Bright like a sun--
My dream.
And then the wall rose,
Rose slowly,
Between me and my dream.
Rose until it touched the sky--
The wall.
I am black.
I lie down in the shadow.
No longer the light of my dream before me,
Above me.
Only the thick wall.
Only the shadow.
My hands!
My dark hands!
Break through the wall!
Find my dream!
Help me to shatter this darkness,
To smash this night,
To break this shadow
Into a thousand lights of sun,
Into a thousand whirling dreams
Of sun!

Langston Hughes Paul Robeson: The World/ Inferno Friendship Society Lyrics Link: http://www.metrolyrics.com/paul-robeson-lyrics-the-world-inferno-friendship-society.html Duke Ellington http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/as-i-grew-older/ Take the A Train Louis Armstrong http://www.stlyrics.com/songs/l/louisarmstrong2389/makinwhoopie2212767.html Edward Hopper Painting Themes: landscapes, seascapes, and common American life. #3. #5. http://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/b/bessie_smith/empty_bed_blues.html Washington: wanted blacks in the south to value the need for industrial education.
He wanted school to be a place where one might
learn to make life's hardships go away immediately.
He disagreed with the post-emancipation ideologies of blacks who believed that
freedom from slavery brought freedom from hard work.
He thought thatbeducation would bring
even more freedom from work with the hands. #9. By: Georgia O'Keefe

She made paintings with longhorn
skulls and flowers. #11. #12. #13. #14. #15. #16. #17 #18 #19. #20 #21 #22 #23 #24. #25 #26 #28 #29. #30. #27
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