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Part II: Compare and Contrast the Revolutions

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Vlada Hogan

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Part II: Compare and Contrast the Revolutions

Part II: Compare and Contrast the Revolutions
American Revolution vs Haitian Revolution
Causes:
Enlightenment Ideals
Taxation/Social Inequality
Overpower/Opportunity
Outcomes:
Social
Political
Methods:
Civil Disobedience/Terrorism
Violence
Causes
The American Revolution
Methods
The American Revolution
Outcomes
The American Revolution
French Revolution vs Haitian Revolution
Causes:
Enlightenment Ideals
Social Inequality/Slavery
Economical Issues/Opportunity
Outcomes:
Social
Political
Methods:
Violence
Civil Disobedience
Methods
Outcomes
American Revolution vs French Revolution
Causes:
Enlightenment Ideals
Taxation/Social Inequality
Control/Economic Issues
Outcomes:
Social
Political
Methods:
Civil Disobedience
Violence
Causes
The American Revolution
Methods
The American Revolution
Outcomes
1. In both the French and Haitian Revolutions, Enlightenment ideals influenced the people, but in France, the people of the Third Estate were already free, just treated unequally, while the people in Haiti were slaves and had no rights or freedom.
1. The Enlightenment ideals that caused the French Revolution stated that all men are free and equal and that the government has limited power and if the people feel that it is not evenly distributed, then they have the right to rebel.
1. The Enlightenment ideals that caused the Haitian Revolution stated that all men are free and equal, which particularly interested slaves.
Causes
The French Revolution
The Haitian Revolution
2. The social inequality in France between the First, Second, and Third Estates caused the revolution. The people of the First Estate had special privileges, which angered the people of the lower Estates and caused an uprising.
2. In Haiti, there was a huge social gap between the white slave owners and slaves themselves. The slaves began the revolution in search for freedom and equality.
2. In both the French and Haitian Revolutions, there were large social gaps between the higher and lower classes, which encouraged the need for a revolution.
3. The economical issues in France, such as debt from the involvement in recent wars and the overspending by the government,caused the revolution.
3. In Haiti, took advantage of the publishing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man to argue that they too were men and deserved freedom. Slaves also happily accepted the withdraw of French soldiers in Haiti, due to economical issues in France.
3. In France, the economical issues forced them to withdraw their soldiers from Haiti, which allowed the Haitians to easily gain the upper hand in their revolution, while the French saw the need for one.
Both Revolutions
The French Revolution
The Haitian Revolution
1. As a result of the French Revolution, the people of the First Estate, such as the nobles and the clergy, lost their special privileges, such as being exempt from taxes.
1. As a result of the Haitian Revolution, slavery was abolished in the colony.
1. In both the French and Haitian Revolutions, these outcomes helped decrease the large gap that existed between the different social classes.
Both Revolutions
2. After the French Revolution, France was no longer a monarchy and became a Republic. Napoleon Bonaparte was the first leader of France as a Republic. Although he distributed political power unequally, he helped stabilize the French economy.
2. After the Haitian Revolution, Haiti gained independence from France and became a Republic. The first leader of Haiti as a Republic was Jean-Jacques Dessalines. Dessalines followed Napoleon's example as an emperor, but he did not succeed in doing any good for the Haitian economy.
2. After both the French and Haitian Revolutions, both France and Haiti ended their old ways of governing themselves and became republics.
The French Revolution
The Haitian Revolution
Both Revolutions
1. During the French Revolution, a method of rebelling was through civil disobedience. An example is the Storming of Bastille. A mob of angry people (a part of the Second and Third Estates), stole 28,000 rifles and fought the guards at Bastille. When the mob began to attack the guards, they were ordered to fire, killing hundreds of people. Eventually the guards surrendered and let the angry mob in Bastille and they violently killed the guards.
1. During the Haitian Revolution, a method of rebelling was through violence. A series of slave rebellions began in 1791, where slaves would burn the sugar cane plantations and violently kill the slave owners.
1. In both revolutions, the people fighting for revolutionary change, turned to violent methods to pursue their goal. In both revolutions, many people were killed from both parties. Both the Storming of Bastille and the burning of plantations, caused both countries a great amount of money due to the damage caused.
2. Another method used during the French Revolution was violence. During the Reign of Terror, the French used the guillotine (also known as the "National Razor") on people who were accused or convicted of being against the revolution.
2. Another method used during the Haitian Revolution was disease. Since the slaves were adapted to the different climate and diseases in Haiti, they had an advantage that the Frenchmen didn't. The French soldiers that came to fight the Haitians, were easily killed off by getting yellow fever.
2. In both revolutions, many people died terrible deaths, whether it was through violence or disease.
The Haitian Revolution
Both Revolution
1. The Enlightenment ideals that caused the American Revolution were about freedom, equality, and the pursuit of happiness. John Locke's "Natural Rights" stated that if the government does not fulfill its duty, then the people have the right to rebel. That is exactly what the colonists did.
1. The Enlightenment ideals that caused the Haitian Revolution, such as the Declaration of the Rights of Man, stated that all men are free and equal. The slaves, insisting that they too were men that deserved freedom and equality, began the revolution.
2. Another cause of the American Revolution was unfair taxation. Unjust taxes were put on the colonists by the English monarchy, such as the Tea Act, the Sugar Act, and the Townsend Act. These taxes angered the colonists and was a major influence of the revolution.
2. Another cause of the Haitian Revolution was social inequality, specifically between white slave owners and the slaves. The extensive social gap between the high class white men and the low class slaves made the slaves want a revolution.
3. Britain's overpowering and controlling demeanor towards the colonists influenced the need for a revolution. Colonists' lives were constantly influenced and kept under surveillance by the British. This made them upset and start the revolution.
3. One of the causes of the Haitian Revolution was the opportunity that they took advantage of. The slaves had the opportunity to rebel against the French because the French were occupied in wars against other European nations. Due to the Enlightenment ideals, slaves had the opportunity to argue that they deserved freedom and equality.
1. In both revolutions, Enlightenment ideals encouraged both slaves and colonists to fight for freedom, equality, and justice.
2. In both the American and Haitian Revolutions, higher classes in both societies had special privileges and more control over the lower classes. These social issues caused both revolutions.
3. In both revolutions, too much power in the hands of the higher classes caused a need for change. In the American Revolution, Britain held too much control over the colonists, while in the Haitian Revolution, the slaves' owners completely controlled the slaves.
The Haitian Revolution
1. After the American Revolution, the social right of women and slaves changed. Women gained more rights, such as property rights. Slaves that joined the Continental Army, became liberated in the northern colonies.
1. After the Haitian Revolution, slavery was abolished and there was a new class of free-slaves established. The large social gap that caused social inequality, was decreased.
2. Following the American Revolution, the thirteen colonies gained independence from Britain. The newly independent colonies became a confederation under the Article of Confederation, but when this system failed, they adopted the United States Constitution and became a Democratic Republic. The Democratic Republic has three branches of government that were far different from the previous monarchy of Britain.
2. Following the Haitian Revolution, Haiti gained its independence from France and became a republic. This new republic attempted to stabilize Haiti's economy, but failed.
Both Revolutions
1. After the American and Haitian Revolutions, people gained more freedom and rights. Women in the United States were allowed more rights while slaves in Haiti became free men and women able to make decisions for themselves.
2. Following both revolutions, both the colonies and Haiti gained independence from their mother countries and eventually became republics of their own.
The Haitian Revolution
1. During the American Revolution, colonists used terrorism as a way of rebelling against the British. One terrorist attack was the Boston Tea Party. Colonist boarded British ships and dumped tons of tea into the harbor, causing property damage and loss of money due to loss of tea.
1. During the Haitian Revolution, slaves used civil disobedience as a way of rebelling against the French. The slaves went against the authority of their owners and went on strike. Slaves went to the fields late and left early, and their productivity on the fields reduced.
2. During the American Revolution, colonists turned to violence as a way of rebelling against the British. One example is the Boston Massacre. Colonists taunted the British soldiers by throwing objects, such as rocks, at them. This eventually led to a violent outbreak of gunshots when the soldiers were ordered to fire. Colonists reacted violently to this attack.
2. During the Haitian Revolution, slaves used methods of violence to rebel against the French. Slaves burned sugar cane plantations and they violently killed slave owners.
Both Revolutions
1. In both revolutions, the colonists and the slaves used tactics that went against the authority of the head government. In the American Revolution, colonists trespassed of British property and in the Haitian Revolution, slaves went against the order of their slave owners.
2. In both revolutions, the colonists and the slaves used violence as a way of rebelling. In the United States, colonists threw things at the soldiers and reacted violently when they fought back and in Haiti, slaves burned plantations to the ground and violently killed slave owners.
By: Vlada Hogan, Angela Wadley, Bethany Romo
The French Revolution
1. The Enlightenment ideals that influenced the American Revolution, encouraged freedom, equality, and the pursuit of happiness. The "Natural Rights of Man" stated that if the government does not fulfill its duty, then the people have the right to rebel.
1. The Enlightenment ideals that influenced the French Revolution stated that all men were free and equal. "Natural Rights" also influenced the people to rebel against their over controlling government,
Both Revolutions
1. Both revolutions were caused by Enlightenment ideals. Both revolutions were heavily influenced by "Natural Rights" because both countries had overpowering governments that needed reform.
2. Taxation on the colonists by the British monarchy was a major cause of the revolution. Colonists were angered by the unfair taxation that was forced upon them, while the monarchy was exempt from these taxes.
2. The large social gap between the First Estate and the Third Estate was a major cause of the revolution. People in the First Estate obtained special privileges, such as exemption from taxes. These special privileges upset the people of the Third Estate because they were not granted the same rights.
2. In both revolutions, the special privileges and greater authority of the higher classes angered the people of the lower classes and caused the revolutions to begin.
3. Another cause of the American revolution was the desire to rid of the overpowering control that the British had over the colonies. The British has control over the colonists' lives and becoming upset by this, colonists took it upon themselves to revolt.
3. Another cause of the French Revolution was economical issues that the country was having. The country was in great debt because of involvement in previous wars and country was going bankrupt due to overspending by King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette. People saw a need for change in the way that their hard earned money was being spent.
3. In both the American and French Revolutions, the government had far too much control over both the people and the finance of the nation. This angered the people and caused a revolution.
The American Revolution
The French Revolution
1. An outcome of the American Revolution was that the colonists gained their independence from Britain and were granted more rights. The social rights of women and slaves changed. Women were given property rights and slaves were liberated in the northern colonies.
Both Revolutions
1. An outcome of the French Revolution was that people of First Estate, such as nobles and the clergy, lost their special privileges. This was a positive effect for the people of the Third Estate because the social gap between them and the First Estate, decreased.
1. An outcome of both revolutions was that the people of the lower classes benefited. They gained more rights and were not the only social class that had to pay taxes.
2. Another outcome of the American Revolution was that after gaining independence from Britain, they were able to govern themselves. At first, the colonies were joined together by the Articles of Confederation and were classified as a Confederation. After this system failed, the colonies became a Democratic Republic and created the three branches of government.
2. Another outcome of the French Revolution was that the people got rid of the monarchy and declared themselves a Republic. The first leader of France as a Republic was Napoleon Bonaparte. Although Napoleon declared himself emperor and distributed power unevenly, he provided France with the economic stability that they were in desperate need of at the time.
2. Another outcome of both revolutions was that both nations eventually became Republics and were not ruled by a monarchy. The people were able to rule themselves and the public was steadily able to play a larger role in the government.
The French Revolution
1. During the revolution, colonists turned to acts of violence to rebel against the British. An example was the Boston Massacre. Colonists threw objects, such as rocks, at the British soldiers and when they fired back, the colonist reacted violently.
1. During the revolution, a method of violence used was the Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror was meant to eliminate anyone that opposed the revolution by using the guillotine (also called the "National Razor").
Both Revolutions
1. In both revolutions, the colonists and the people of the Third Estate turned to methods of violence to rebel against Britain and France. Many people died from these violent outbursts.
2. During the American Revolution, colonists used acts of terrorism to go against British authority. For example, during the Boston Tea Party, colonist boarded British ships and dumped loads of tea into the harbor. This act of terrorism was executed as a way of defying the British government.
2. During the French Revolution, the people of the Third Estate used acts of civil disobedience and violence to put pressure on the national government. For example, the Storming of Bastille was an act of civil disobedience. An angry mob of people stole 28,000 rifles and then fought the guards of Bastille until they gave up and were forced to let the people inside Bastille. The angry mob violently attacked the French guards. Since Bastille was a symbol of wealth and authority of the king, the storming symbolized the beginning of the end of the king's power.
2. In both revolutions, the colonists and the people of the Third Estate used methods in order to defy and rebel against the national government, whether it was through acts of terrorism or civil disobedience.
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