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Sensory Profile (2)

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Kelly Doud

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Sensory Profile (2)

Purpose of the Test
Set of standardized tools for evaluating a child's
sensory processing patterns in the context of
everyday life.

Provides a unique way to determine how sensory processing may be contributing to or interfering with participation.

When combined with other information about the child in context , professional can plan effective interventions to support children, families, and educators as they interact with each other throughout the day
Infant Questionnaire (Caregiver) Birth to 6 months

Toddler Questionnaire (Caregiver) 7 to 35 months

Child Questionnaire (Caregiver) 3:0 to 14:11 years

Short Questionnaire (Caregiver) 3:00 to 14:11 years

School Companion (Teacher) 3:00 to 14:11 years

Adolescent/Adult (Self-report) 11-65+ years
Revisions from 1st Version
Reliability (Test-Retest)
Obtaining ratings of the same child's sensory processing abilities from the same person at two different times provides information on the stability of rating over time.

Caregiver questionnaire ranged from .83-.97

Teacher questionnaire ranged from .66-.93

The interrater reliability coefficient are mostly acceptable to good in the .70's and .80's.

Caregiver questionnaire .83-.97
-good to excellent

Teacher questionnaire .66-.93
-acceptable to excellent

Administering Profile (Paper Form)
1) Send the rater questionnaire to the parent and/or teacher with a cover letter explaining the purpose of the instrument; this is how standardization occurred. Include your phone number /email in case of any questions about the form

2) Ask the rater to complete the questionnaire while you are evaluating the child

3) Help the rater fill out the questionnaire if he or she has difficulty reading because of language differences or reading disabilities
Users Manual

It's your
Sensory Profile 2
Taylor Amo and Kelly Doud
Winnie Dunn
Professor and Chair of the Department of Occupational Therapy Education at
the University of Kansas.

Internationally known expert for her
studies about sensory processing in
everyday life.

She is the author/ coauthor of all of
the Sensory Profile measures

Available From
Sensory Profile 2- Administration Manual ($70.00)

Sensory Profile 2 -Birth-6 months pkg 25 ($50.00)

Sensory Profile 2 -7-35 months pkg 25 ($50.00)

Sensory Profile 2 -3-14:11 years pkg 25 ($50.00)

Sensory Profile 2- School companion pkg 25 ($50.00)

Sensory Profile 2 -Short form 3-14:11 years ($35.00)

Rater Questionnaire


Assessment Questions

The first part of each form contains items to describe children's responses to everyday sensory experiences in the home, community, and school settings.

Completed by caregivers or teachers. Reporter indicates the frequency of the child's responses to various sensory experiences using a five-point scale with each response on the scale weighted with a score of 1 to 5.

Almost Always=5
Half the Time=3
Almost Never=1

Scoring Procedure
Infant 5-10 minutes
Toddler 10-15 minutes
Child 15-20 minutes
Short 5-10 minutes
School Companion 15 minutes

** Professional's report it takes 15 minutes to manually score the responses.

Web-based administration and scoring removes the need for any manual

The enhanced Assessment and Planning Report(available through web-based administration and scoring) requires the caregiver or teacher to complete additional questions related to the child's participation in the context of home, school, and community.

These additional questions are estimated to take 15-30 minutes to complete and another 15 to 30 minutes for the professional to interpret in the context of results from the standardized questionnaires.

Usefulness in OT
Differences Between
SP1 and SP2

1) Increased age range from 11to14:11 years

2) Improved assessment format
-score sheet attached
- all questions expertly reviewed for readability, relevance, and clinical utility

3) Wider range of technical features
-validation studies with gold standard measure

Key Features
1) Simple to use

2) Contextually relevant and integrated

3) Evidence based

4) Family and child Centered

5) Strengths-based

6) Inclusive


8)Theory Based


Dunn, W. (2014). Sensory Profile 2.Bloomington, MN: Pearson

Training and Qualifications
Tests may be purchased by individuals with:

A master's degree in psychology, education, occupational therapy, social work, or in a field closely related to the intended use of the assessment, and formal training in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical assessments. (Qualification B)

Individuals from many different professions can administer.

Occupational therapists have this background in their professional preparation and are the best suited for providing expertise in sensory processing in everyday life for teams.

1. Provides professionals with a way to capture the child’s responses to sensory experiences during the natural course of daily life

2. The items in each rater questionnaire address activities and behaviors that are familiar to caregivers of infants, toddlers, and children, and that are common in most classroom settings.

3. Constructed so that families and professionals can engage in theory-based decision making during comprehensive assessment and intervention planning
Benefits (cont)
4. Provides a standardized means to capture the child’s behaviors during the natural course of daily life

5. Provides a way to get a comprehensive look at a child’s responses across settings.

6.Provides a measure of current performance, overall impressions across time, and an indication of intervention options

7. Provides information to support the tiered intervention process in schools.
Infant (birth-6months)

General Processing
Toddler (7mo-35mo)

General Processing
Oral Sensory
Child (3yrs-14:11yrs)

Body Position
Oral Sensory
Conduct associated with sensory processing
Social emotional responses associated with sensory processing
Attention responses associated with processing sensory
Short Profile (3yrs-14:11yrs)
Sensory Processing
School Companion (3yrs-14:11yrs)
Components of Questionnaire
Evaluated 1,791 children from birth-14 years

75 infants
404 toddlers
1,056 children

Additional 774 children with disabilities

1,030 children took the school companion

All respondents used the same instructions for completing relevant rater questionnaire
Primary goal was to ensure representativeness of the sample of children throughout the US

898 boys
893 girls
(some children were rated on both child and school companion)

English was the primary language for child and rater, exceptions for spanish validity studies

10% of sample included children with various medical conditions (ASD, ADHD, learning disabilities, expressive/receptive language disorders, intellectual disability)
Expert reviews
experts agree that the content areas being measured generally reflect proposed constructs and there is adequate sampling in areas
Preliminary Pilot Studies
determined whether the instructions and items were clear and that the select items had retained discrimination ability among various populations
4) Reduced completion time for the caregiver and teacher questionnaires

(Infant Questionnaire 25 items from 36)
(Child Questionnaire 86 items from 125)
(School Companion Questionnaire 44 from 62)
(Short Form Questionnaire 34 from 38)

1) Provides OT's with an idea of how the child senses the world around them

2) Helps to guide therapeutic interventions and helps the OT to set goals

3)Links sensory processing to everyday life

4)Uses a family centered approach
1) Relies on either parent or teacher report, and may not take into consideration the child's view

2) Parent or teacher report may not be accurate

3) Not used to document changes over time

Add item scores for each section in the questionnaire
Complete the quadrant grid located on the summary score page; enter score for each number then add
On the quadrant summary, transfer each score from each quadrant to corresponding column
Transfer raw score to raw score total box
Plot raw scores
Scores two SD's or more from the mean are expressed as "much more than others"or "much less than others"

1) Seeking
2) Avoiding
3) Sensitivity
4) Registration
Full transcript