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Southernization Interactive Map

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by

Joanna Lin

on 13 November 2015

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Transcript of Southernization Interactive Map

Ethiopian merchants engaged in the Gold Trade with India

Southernization
An Interactive Map
Southeast Asia: Where some things started
Cotton: first cultivated in the indus river valley
India: The spread (Gupta dynasty)
Buddhism - establishment of monasteries
China: The Spread (350 CE to 1279 CE)
Arabs converted to Islam
Spread of cotton, sugar, citrus fruits, etc.
First to use large numbers of slaves for labor
Irrigation to accomodate the needs of sugarcane in non-indigenous regions
Multiple cropping learned from India
Navigated with Chinese compass
Made it a lot easier to trade over Sahara, where before it was almost impossible
"Found" silver in Bactria and gold in Africa
The Muslim Caliphates: The Spread (600 CE-1200 CE)
Chris Columbus
The End
East Africa: The Spread (700 CE-900 CE)
Europe: The Spread (1200 CE)
Influenced mathematics, spice trade, trade routes, spread of southern crops, and technological development
Gold: arrived in africa while looking for gold
After Mongol conquest, there was a reordering of power in both hemispheres.
Here, the Venetians overruled the Byzantine Empire and the Christians conquered Southern Spain
The pagan Mongols destroyed Muslim mosques, with support from Christians
Genoese took Constantinople from Venetians, allowed to trade with the Mongols
Indian mathematics finally have big impact in Europe
Leonardo Fibonacci wrote Liber abaci
Compass, printing press, gunpowder from "Tartar" Asian slaves of the Arabs
Cannon was pioneered in Italy
Bubonic Plague was transmitted from China
Portugese success of caravels: mix of Atlantic hull and lateen sail
Legend:

Mathematics - didn't use Indian numerals; used advantageous Indian concepts (such as zero)
Cultural Diffusion
Gold Trade
Spices
Naval Technology
Cotton
Cotton - used for peasants' clothing; used cotton to make a more effective sail
Champa rice - two crops per year, drought-resistant; more food leads to population growth
Leads to Grand Canal (in order to transport the rice from southern to northern China)
The Spread: Northern Europe (1600 CE)
Sugar: crystallization of sugar was discovered ~ 350 CE
English colonized areas that could grow cotton and sugar, effectively becoming part of the cotton and sugar industry
Dutch, Portugese hold gold and spice lands in Africa
Europe finally catches up with the rest of the world, starts westernization
Invented zero
Cotton in East Africa in 2nd Century
Gold
Cotton in Southeast Asia in 5th Century
Spices
Cotton from India to Egypt in 1st century
Cotton
Indian influence on East African Coast, looking for gold.
Ports of Zimbabwe and Kilwa
Sugar, cotton, citrous fruits introduced by Muslim caliphates
Zanj slaves exported to Basra
Gold discovered in Ghana helped recover gold to silver ratio
In 1200, Sosso falls to Mali Empire; Zimbabwe grows
Cotton in China during Song Dynasty
Cultural Diffusion
Ethiopian merchants engaged in the Gold Trade with India

Indians find gold in Indonesia and surrounding islands
China reforms mathematics based on Indian system
After the Mauryan empire, gold trade with Siberia cuts off
Ethiopian merchants sail to Zimbabwe for gold
Indian Mathematics to Muslims with Al-Kharazmi's Treatise on Calculation with the Hindi Numberals
Cinnamon to East Africa and Red Sea Ports by 1st Century BCE
Buddhism travels from India to China, where it becomes important
Arabs get gold from Ghana
Cloves, Nutmeg, and Mace traded internationally by 4th Century
Leonardo Fibonacci, who grew up in Northern Africa, writes Liber abaci about "Arabic numerals"
Full transcript