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Transcript of Greek Philosophy
Alexander the Great's teacher
He studied the nature of the world around him
Studied nearly all of the topics of the time
He was best known for the creation of the Lyceum and the new idea of reason and logic Athenian Philosophy Ancient Greek Philosophers 1st Great Philosopher 3rd Great Philosopher Socrates By: Colten Bell
#Swag he was the first great philosopher
lived in the mid 400's
Using a method now known as the Socratic dialogue, or dialectic, he drew forth knowledge from his students by pursuing a series of questions and examining the implications of their answers
all we know comes from students
spoke of broad topics; truth, justice, virtue
thought people should discover nature of life
condemned to die by hemlock The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek word "philosophia," which means the love of wisdom. Philosophy was created in Greece and studied all over Greece but the majority of it was centered in Athens. Area of philosophical thought was about government, truth, and goodness
Disliked Athenian democracy The era of philosophy began around 600 BCE
Greek philosophy was based off of 3 main figures
-Aristotle Major Contributions Best Known For Socrates:
-focused on the field of ethics The Order of the Philosophers Aristotle was greatly known for his creation of logic and reasoning Logic= The process of making inferences
Reason= Clear and ordered thinking He believed people should learn by making observations and thinking rationally Plato:
-successor of Socrates
-Focused on politics and intellect
-Founded the Academy Founder of Academy Aristotle:
-Student of Plato
-He had no specific focus, he had contributions to all subjects. Biography of Aristotle Socrates Plato Plato was a student of Socrates. Born 384 BC
At age seven, his father sent him to study at the Academy
From student to researcher to teacher
Left Academy after Plato's death because of Speusippus' leadership
Went to Assos and married Pythias, niece of Hermias
She died ten years later
Aristotle went to the capitol in 343 BC where he tutored Alexander the Great
Returned to Athens in 335 BC
Aristotle was still not given presidency of the Academy
He instead made his own academy: The Lyceum
Aristotle was accused of impiety and his life was in jeopardy
He left Athens and died in 322 BC His beliefs influenced European Science If, Socrates, we are to be guided at all by the analogy of the preceding instances, then justice is the art which gives good to friends and evil to enemies.
That is his meaning then?
I think so.
And who is best able to do good to his friends and evil to his enemies in time of sickness?
Or when they are on a voyage, amid the perils of the sea?
And in what sort of actions or with a view to what result is the just man most able to do harm to his enemy and good to his friend?
In going to war against the one and in making alliances with the other.
-Plato "The Republic" The Lyceum (Most important place for Greek philosophers) Philosophy, mathematics and rhetoric were taught
More formal than the Academy
Very important site of Ancient Athens
Also used as a place for physical activity
had a library Born: 427 BC, Athens
Died: 347 BC, Athens
Parents: Ariston, Perictione
Siblings: Glaucon, Adeimantus of Collytus, Potone Socrates Plato Aristotle Bibliography So Basically... "The Internet Classics Archive | The Republic by Plato." The Internet Classics Archive | The Republic by Plato. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. "Plato." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Aug. 2013. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. First Greek philosopher
Teacher of Plato
Focused his teachings on the field of ethics
Lived during the mid- 400's
Was killed by poison of hemlock
Gorgias, one of his main works The creation of reason and logic
The Lyceum Reason and Logic: Aristotle thought people should learn through this Aristotle used facts and observations as the basis of his studies. maintained philosophical principles but added logical processes used his facts and observations to make inferences Third great Greek philosopher
Student of Plato & taught Alexander the Great
Studied all topics of the world
Created the Lyceum
Focused on the studies of reason and logic
Organon was his most famous piece Second great Greek philosopher
Student of Socrates
Teacher of Aristotle
Focused his studies on politics and intellect
Disagreed with the ways of Athenian Democracy
Plato's "The Republic" stressed his political views
Founded The Academy in Athens "Mr. Dowling's Greek Philosophy Page." Mr. Dowling's Greek Philosophy Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. "Socrates." (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. "Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.)." Aristotle. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. Aristotle's Works What remains of Aristotle's literature was found inside of his school Aristotle's works have no specific focus because he studied nearly every topic of the time Over twenty of Aristotle's writings remain Aristotle's most famous piece is Organon Literature was mostly factual and scientific Socrates was a very confident teacher and wasn't afraid to speak his mind. In Gorgias, he says "for I want you to take everything I shall say as truth"
Apology of Socrates is one of the greatest works written by Plato, which talks about the death of Socrates and his trial. "The Glory That Was Greece." The Glory That Was Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. The End... Derp...