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Reported Speech

main points
by

Ekaterina Erasova

on 23 February 2013

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Transcript of Reported Speech

General Rules Original Statement said Past Simple reporting verb is usually in Present Simple
or Continuous Past Simple
or Continuous Past Simple
or Continuous Present Perfect
/ Continuous Past Perfect
/ Continuous "You look nice!"
"My English is getting better" I told her she looked nice.
I knew my English was getting better. Reported Speech "John phoned"
"I was having lunch yesterday at 2" I told her John had phoned.
She said she had been having lunch. I told them I had done nothing wrong.
He said they'd been going out since 2005. "I have done nothing wrong"
"They've been going out together since 2005" was saying we use reporting verb in Past Continuous gossip to report Nikos was saying you're thinking of leaving. says will say reported verb in is used to report means the original statement is reported verb in Present Simple Future Simple still relevant words not spoken John says
he's on his way. I bet he'll say he's busy. "It's hot here!" She said it was hot there. Original Statement Tense of
Original Statement Reported Speech Reporting Verb Tense of Reported Speech Reported Speech if reported verb is in Present, Future or
Present Perfect tense we do not change
the original statement tense "I'm on my way!" "I'm busy" Modals Stay unchanged: can could will would shall should may might must had to needn't didn't need to ought to would could should might He asked if he could borrow my ball. She told me she would come later. He said I ought to wait for him. "Taxes will be raised" The government has announced that taxes will be raised. if situation in original statement has not changed we may keep
the original statement's tense if we don't agree
or don't believe the speaker
or wish to emphasize that
the information comes from
the original speaker we do change
the original statement's tense if the time relationship is absolutely clear we use Past Simple
to report original past tenses The TV presenter said that dinosaurs were around for 250 million years We were glad to hear you (had) enjoyed your trip to Denmark. The Greek thought that the sun went round the earth. He told me he was broke.
But I know he was lying. Reported Speech
Full transcript