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Year 7 Nutrition AGHE

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Emily Pirrotta

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of Year 7 Nutrition AGHE

Year 7 Health- Nutrition
Australian Guide to Healthy Eating
Provides us with advice about the amount and kinds of food and drinks that we need regularly, for health and well-being.
Activity #1
Task: Complete the following diagram. You need to name each food group and give a least 6 food examples for each group.
To have nutritional knowledge is a crucial element in life.

It is important to know what is good for us, and what is not.

It helps us to establish a healthy lifestyle and can improve our health and well-being.

Year 8/9 Nutrition Unit
How many food groups are there? What are they?

What is nutrition?

What is meant by the term ‘healthy eating’?

What are food labels?

What’s a serve? Give an example.

What is a carbohydrate?

What are discretionary foods?

What does kJ stand for?

How many serves of fruit and vegetables should an adolescent have daily?

Match the food group with its appropriate place on the food guide pyramid:



Sugary and fatty foods


Vegetables Meat fish, beans

What are the five food groups?
What are discretionary foods?
Grains (cereal) foods, mostly wholegrain and/or high cereal fiber varieties
Lean meats, and poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans (All beans, lentils, chickpeas, split peas, tofu.)
Vegetables and Legumes/beans (Red kidney beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, split peas, tofu)
Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives, mostly reduced fat
Nutrition and Adolescents
Nutrition is important for adolescents because it is a significant period of growth and development.
Therefore it is important that you make healthy choices, eat breakfast and try not to over indulge on junk foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt.
Nutrients in foods
What are some of the types of nutrients found in foods?
Vitamins & Minerals
Homework Task
Task: Keep a food diary for the week, record what you have for breakfast, lunch and dinner each day as well as any snacks that you may consume.

You will need to bring this to next weeks lesson.
Healthy Eating, Food Groups, , Nutrients, Food Choices, Food Labels
To understand the components of the guidelines and to learn about nutrients

I can name the 5 groups and provide examples
I can provide examples of nutrients in foods

Serving Sizes
Well Balanced Diet
Activity - Food Diary
Goal Setting
How many serves of the food groups should we eat on average?
What is a serve?
Compare your weekly food intake with the recommended serving size for each meal that you had over the past week, to measure how healthy your diet really is.

Are you meeting the recommendations for you age group?

Do you need to make changes to your diet? If so, what changes could you make?
What are some of the goals you could set to improve your health and well-being?

Write ONE Physical Activity goal and ONE Healthy Eating goal that you want to achieve this Term.
Goals should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely. In other words, in the goal setting process make sure you use the SMART system.
pecific - What you want to achieve and how you’ll do it

easurable - How you’ll know when you’ve reached your goal

ttainable - That your goal is possible

ealistic - That your goal is appropriate for you

ime Management - When you plan to reach a goal
Consists of a wide variety of foods to help your body grow and stay in good condition and to give you energy.

It must include enough, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral and fiber, as well as water, to fuel and maintain your body's vital functions

You should ideally have about 3 to 4 meals a day and only a few lite snacks (low in sugar and high in carbohydrates).
Most foods contain carbohydrates

The body breaks down these carbohydrates into

Simple Sugars
- fruit, milk, candy etc.
Complex Sugars
- starch based products e.g. grain products, vegetables etc.

Carbohydrates are a
major source of energy

for the body.
An energy source that last for a long period of time
Fats are a component in foods.

They are good for you if you choose the right amount and right kind of fats.

A healthy diet consists of some of the following fats: lean meats, fish and heart-healthy oils.

Fat is an important part of a healthy diet. They help to fuel the body and help the body to absorb some vitamins.

Fats are the building blocks for hormones and they insulate the nervous system tissue in the body.

There are
types of of fats:


- These are found in plant foods and fish. (Good)
- These fats are found in meat and other animal products, such as butter, cheese, and all milk except skim. (Limited)

- Trans fats are found in certain foods that you buy at the store or in a restaurant, such as snack foods, baked goods, and fried foods. (Bad)
Best sources of protein are;
beef, poultry, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds and legumes.

Protein builds, maintains and replaces tissues in the body.

Your body uses protein to make hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen to every part of your body.

Proteins are used to build cardiac muscle

Adults, need about 60 grams of protein per day.
Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamins and minerals are substances that are found in foods we eat.

Minerals are found in foods such as - red meat, beef, is a good source of iron.

Minerals help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy.

The body uses vitamins and minerals to perform many different functions — from building strong bones to transmitting nerve impulses.

kinds of minerals are:


Macro minerals

group is made up of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur.

minerals includes iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium.

When it comes to vitamins, each one has a special role to play. For example:

Vitamin D
in milk helps your bones.
Vitamin A

in carrots maintains normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction
Vitamin C
n oranges helps your body heal if you get a cut (Growth and repair).
B vitamins
in leafy green vegetables help your body make protein and energy.

There are two types of vitamins: fat soluble and water soluble.
All living things must have water to survive.

Without water, your body would stop working properly.

Water makes up more than half of your body weight and a person can't survive for more than a few days without it.

In addition to being an important part of the fluids in your body, each cell depends on water to function normally.

Your body has lots of important jobs and it needs water to do many of them. For instance, your blood, which contains a lot of water, carries oxygen to all the cells of your body. Without oxygen, those tiny cells would die and your body would stop working.

You need water to digest your food and get rid of waste, too.

You need at least 8 glasses of water per day.
Foods with fiber are really good for you and your bowels!

Fiber is found in plants and can't be digested so it helps clean out your intestines by moving bowel movements along.

Good sources of fiber include wholegrain foods, fruits and vegetables.

Fiber is mainly a carbohydrate.

The main role of fiber is to keep the digestive system healthy.
Food Labels
Food labels carry useful information to help you make good choices about food. The food label will tell you if the food contains an additive that you may want to avoid.

The nutrition information panel helps you to compare the nutrient profile of similar products and choose the one that suits your needs.
Nutrition Assignment
Year 7's
Your task is to design a Healthy Eating Menu

(See assessment task sheet for more information)

What is a healthy diet?
A healthy diet is one that helps maintain or improve general health.
What is a balanced diet?
Eating a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all the food groups.
So what are the food groups????
we'll get to that soon
only sometimes
Use small amounts
Australian Guide to Healthy Eating


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