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Transcript of HIV
Are scientists working on a vaccine?
Scientists are working on a vaccine for HIV, but at this moment they still haven't found a vaccine.
How is HIV transmitted
HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to another through-
- sharing needles
- blood transfusions
* Blood contains the highest concentration of the virus.
What is HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
and is the virus that can lead to AIDS, is found in the body fluids of an infected person.
HIV is also the illness that alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases.
Joanne Walker. The shop assistant from Wrexham has been living with HIV for 12 years.
Joanne never thought her life would ever be touched by HIV.
“I guess I thought something like that would never happen to a girl in a small town in North Wales, in the middle of nowhere,” she says.
“I suppose I thought it would be people in Africa or the gay community mainly that would be affected by it.”
Joanne was in her first sexual relationship when she found out she had HIV. She was just 18.
She’d always been taught to practice safe sex and was adamant she would be responsible with her health. But it took just one mistake to change her life forever.
After coming down with flu-like symptoms one month later, Joanne went to a family planning center for tests, thinking she might be pregnant. She was about to discover she had HIV.
“I was stunned,” she recalls. “After I was diagnosed the hospital said it was almost certain my ex would have known he had HIV, as he would have shown certain symptoms.
“I pleaded with him to go to the hospital but, as far as I know, he didn’t.
Joanne’s knowledge of HIV was sketchy.
“I’d seen the Mark Fowler story on EastEnders and my uncle was a massive Queen fan and obviously, when Freddie Mercury died from Aids, it became a lot more publicized. Other than that, I knew very little.”
Following her diagnosis, Joanne suffered with depression.
“I didn’t have interest in anything anymore and I just felt like there wasn’t a point to anything.
“I stopped going out for a while and thought ‘well, I never want to be with a man again’ and ‘what’s the point, no one’s ever going to want to be with me’.”
But when she was introduced to another woman in a similar position, Joanne realized that she could continue to live a relatively normal life.
“It was nice to talk to her,” Joanne says. “She’d gone on to have a baby and get married, so it was reassuring at a really difficult and complicated time in my life.
Although her mom is ¬supportive, other members of her family have not so understood.
“My dad and sister found it very hard to come to terms with,” recalls Joanne. “They were treating me like a leper.
“Every time I’d go to their house, they’d be bleaching everything and took their toothbrushes and razors out of the bathroom.
“They didn’t see me as the same old Joanne any more. It made me feel absolutely worthless.
“And if my family was going to treat me like that, how would the rest of the world?”
Like many people living with HIV, Joanne says she has experienced discrimination from health professionals, including a dentist who would only treat her at the end of the day and a doctor who assumed she’d been infected through drug use.
She’s also found support from HIV charities Sahir House in Liverpool and Body Positive Cheshire and North Wales in Crewe.
Despite her diagnosis, Joanne remains in good health and has decided not to take any of the medications available to HIV-positive people.
And Joanne has been with her new partner, who is HIV negative, for six years.
“He’s been a big support to me.” she reflects. “It’s nice to have some stability and someone there for me when I’m living with this very isolating virus.
Joanne is one of only a handful of HIV-positive women in the UK who talk about their status.
She believes that speaking out is extremely important to help ¬normalize the illness.
By: Aimee Huerta
How does HIV affect healthcare workers
Health care workers can be exposed to HIV infected blood while at work. The most effective way to limit their risk of HIV infection is to use universal precautions with every patient, for example washing hands and wearing protective barriers (gloves, aprons, goggles).
Living with HIV
Through the Vaccine Research Center and the Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, NIAID supports biomedical research that leads to increased knowledge about how HIV interacts with the human immune system and evaluation of the most promising vaccine candidates.
Misconceptions regarding HIV
The US CDC describes cases of a rare lung infection in five young healthy men in Los Angeles, CA. This marks the official beginning of what will be known as AIDS.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announces that Dr. Robert Gallo had found that a retrovirus causes AIDS -later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
First antiretroviral drug AZT (a nucleoside analog) was approved by U.S. FDA.
Freddie Mercury, singer-songwriter and musician from Queen died of AIDS-related bronchial pneumonia at age 45.
AIDS-related deaths in the U.S. decline by more than 40 percent compared to the prior year.
United Nations General Assembly convenes high-level meeting to review progress on targets set at 2001 special session on HIV/AIDS.
There is no functional cure for HIV or AIDS, meaning that there is no medication that has been scientifically proven to eliminate the virus from a person's body.
HIV is a retrovirus, so drugs that target the virus are called antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. There are many types of ARVs, but they all work by slowing the growth or inhibiting the replication of the virus. Although these drugs do not kill the virus, they effectively reduce the levels of HIV in the blood.
Where can we get tested locally?
Planned Parenthood Gulf Coast Incorporated
Location: 11834 Airline Dr. N
Conventional HIV blood testing
Rapid HIV Blood/Oral testing
Myth No. 1: I can get HIV by being around people who are HIV-positive.
The evidence shows that HIV is not spread through touch, tears, sweat, or saliva.
Myth No. 2: I'm HIV-positive -- my life is over.
In the early years, the death rate from AIDS was extremely high. But today, antiretroviral drugs allow HIV-positive people and even those with AIDS to live much longer, normal, and productive lives.