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Transcript of Verb tenses
Root of verb, root + s, es
(-) do, does not + verb root
(?) do, does + S + verb root
a- Habitual actions
Victor goes to school everyday.
b- General truths
The sun sets in the west.
c- Permanent situations
My brother lives in Madrid.
d- Future ( timetable )
We leave at 2 o'clock tomorrow.
: Every day / in the morning / once / twice / three times a week / always / usually / sometimes / on Mondays ... etc
Am/is/are + verb –ing
(-) am/is/are not + verb-ing
(?) am/is/are + S+ verb-ing
a- An action in progress at the moment of speaking
We are revising English tenses.
b- Temporary situations
I am staying at a hotel.
c- A planned action that will take place in the near future
We are meeting our friends this evening.
: Now / at the moment / at
present / nowadays / today / still / always.
Verb -ed, irregular verbs
(-) did not + root of the verb
(?) did + S + root of the verb
a- A completed action that took place at a definite time in the past
He finished school fifteen years ago.
: Yesterday / last week… /
two days ago / When / in 1967 / then.
Was/were + verb-ing
(-) was/were not + verb-ing
(?) was/were + S + verb-ing
a- An action in progress at a specific time in the past
Some friends were taking a nap at 4.30 yesterday.
: while / when / as
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Have/has + past participle
(-) have/has not + past participle
(?) have/has + S + past participle
a- An action that began in the past and continues up to the present
I have lived in La Vall since 1990.
b- An action that took place at an unstated time in the past, but has present relevance
My best friend has just bought a new car.
c- Personal experiences
I have never been to Australia.
: already / yet / just / never / ever / so far / lately / for / since / this week.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Have/has + been + verb-ing
(-) have/has not+been+verb-ing
(?) have/has +S+ been+verb-ing
a- An action that began in the past and continues until the present without interruption
We have been waiting here for over three hours.
: How long / for / since
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
Had + past participle
(-) had not + past participle
(?) had +S + past participle
a- An activity that happened before another activity in the past, emphasis on the duration
By the time I arrived home, Patri had prepared dinner.
: By the time / before / yet / already / after / just / for / since
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Had been + verb-ing
(-) had not been + verb-ing
(?) had +S+ been + verb-ing
a- an action which was in progress before a second action, emphasis on the duration
The grass was wet because it had been raining.
Will + verb root
(-) will not + verb root
(?) will +S+ verb root
a- Opinion and predictions
I think Valencia will win the league.
b- Instant decisions
I'll have an ice-cream, please.
c- Facts about the future
Most of you will be 18 this year.
: Tomorrow / next week /
tonight / in two days / soon / in a week
BE GOING TO + INF
Am/is/are going to + verb root
a- Plans and intentions
I am going to work hard next year.
b- Predictions based on what we can see, on evidence
Look at those black clouds! It is going to rain.
: next year / tomorrow / in a few days' time
Will be + verb-ing
(-) will not be + verb-ing
(?) will + S + be + verb-ing
a- When we know something will be in progress at a time in the future
I'll be doing my homework between 6 and 7 tomorrow night.
: This time tomorrow / next week / tonight / in three days
SS Will have + past participle
(-) will not have + past participle
(?) will + S + have + past part
a- An action that will be completed by a certain time in the future
By next summer we will have finished high school.
: By / by Monday / by next week / by then / by the time
N. Ferrís / P. García
IES Honori García