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Transcript of Wolves
Wolves are incredibly intelligent animals.
They have much curiosity as well as the ability to learn things quickly.
A wolf's brain is 1/6 to 1/3 larger than other domestic canines.
Wolves use their great intelligence for hunting uses, such as developing complicated plans and swimming in water before hunting so they can hide their scent.
Their ability to figure things out quickly, which is an advantage in hunting.
There are three types of wolves called Gray wolves, Red wolves, and Arctic wolves.
Most wolves belong to a species called Gray wolves.
Gray wolves are the largest members of the wolf family.
Arctic wolves are also called tundra and white wolves. They live in the Arctic.
Red wolves almost died out as a result of human activity. Only a few hundred are still alive.
Did you know that a wolf's scientific name is Canis Lupis? Have you ever heard that a wolf pack has two leaders, called Alphas? Did you know Native Americans named their best warriors after wolves? There are even more amazing facts about wolves. So pay attention!
A pack is a group of wolves. Most wolves belong to packs.
A wolf pack has a male leader and a female leader. These leaders are called the alpha pair.
A Beta is the wolf most likely to replace the alpha of the same gender.
An Omega is the lowest-ranked wolf in the pack.
A subordinate is any wolf that is not an Alpha, a Beta, or an Omega.
The packs is made up of the alphas, their brothers and sisters, and their sons and daughters.
Most packs have 4-9 members, but some have as many as 15, and as few as 2!
A pack often has 30 members before some members leave to form new packs and find new territories.
Wolf packs hunt at night. They howl to warn other wolves to stay away.
Wolves: Dogs of the Wild.
By: Sophia Forster
Wolves resemble a large dog, but they have longer legs, larger feet, a narrower chest, and a straight tail.
Wolves have 42 teeth, 4 of them are fangs.
The females are smaller than the males.
Weight, Height and Length
Most adult wolves weigh 80-120 lbs.
Male gray wolves normally weigh 100 lbs.
A female gray wolf's length is commonly 1.59 meters.
A male gray wolf's length is commonly 1.65 meters.
The male and female height is 66-81 centimeters high.
They are one of the biggest members of the dog family.
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Wolves use high-pitched barks, yips, whines, whimpers, and, of course, howls to communicate.
Wolves whimper and whine when they are in discomfort. Pups (baby wolves) whine when they are hungry.
Wolves yip when they are suddenly surprised or hurt.
Barks warn other wolves of intruders.
Wolves howl for many reasons. To let wolves know where they are, to attract a mate, or arrange a hunt.
Studies of wolves have shown that their is no connection between a wolf's howling and the cycles of the moon.
Wolves and People
Many people fear wolves, mostly because their eerie howl. Many others hate them because they have been known to attack cattle. This hatred and fear of wolves has lead people to destroy them.
Rewards were sometimes offered for the deaths of wolves. The red wolf almost died out because this, and its species hasn't recovered. Only a few hundred red wolves are still alive.
Wolves are symbols of evil. If you call someone "a wolf with sheep's clothing," it means that person acts friendly but has evil intentions. To "keep a wolf from the door" means to keep out hunger or poverty.
The color of a wolf's pelt can be white, gray, brown, a mixture of brown and gray, blond, cream, red, or black. Gray is most common. The fur has guard hairs and a soft undercoat.
Baby wolves are called pups.
Pups grow in their mother for 63 days before birth!
Pups are born blind and deaf, though they have a keen sense of smell.
An average litter (all pups born at the same time), consists of 5-6 pups. The litters may be larger in a pray-abundant place.
12-15 days after birth, the pups open their eyes and their ears function.
All the pups in the litter are called litter mates.
12 weeks after birth, pups travel with the pack on hunts.
In 7-8 months they will hunt with the pack.
Large litters of 14-17 pups occur only 1% of the time!
Wolves eat large prey, such as caribou, several species of deer, wild boar, wild goats, saiga, ibex, argali, wisent, American bison, muskox, moose, bighorn sheep, Dall's sheep, and elk.
They also eat smaller prey such as hares, badgers, foxes, ground squirrels, mice, hamsters, voles, lizards, snakes, frogs, and even insects!
Wolves even feed on vegetation. Mountain ash, lily of the valley, bilberries, blueberries, apples, pears, melons, and nightshade are part of a wolf's diet.
A wolf's deadliest weapon in hunting is strategy. They use complicated strategies to hunt down prey.
A common hunting strategy for wolves is to run after its prey until the prey is tired and cannot run.
The wolves then attack the rump sides of their prey, making it bleed until it dies.
Wolves try to hunt prey that is ill, lame, or old to make hunting easier.
Wolves are famous for their cleverness and courage, and many legends have been written about them.
Have you ever heard of the Roman Empire? They believed that their city was built by Romulus, who was rescued and raised by a she-wolf.
Another legend says that a wolf was running through the woods, saw his shadow and felt pride. He was so arrogant he challenged a lion, who killed him.
Another tale says that a wolf attacked ten brothers. It managed to kill nine, but the last one smeared honey on himself so the wolf would lick him instead of biting him.