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Transcript of Family Systems
Family Tree The Basic EIGHT
Concepts The apple doesn't
fall far from the tree or does it? Bowen's Eight Concepts of Family Systems 3 Triangles 5 1 The
of Self 2 Nuclear Family Emotional System 4 Family
Process 5 Multi-generational
Process 6 Emotional Cutoffs 7 Sibling
Position 8 Societal
Good? The Bad? The UGLY? The better developed the self, the more a person can act to enhance his/her own welfare without impinging on the welfare of others.
The Differentiation of Self Scale ranges from 0-100 and measures the degree of individuality each person has which is also related to the amount of fusion in family relationships.
It defines an individuals adaptability to stress or anxiety. Relationship
Fusion Triangling Symptom
Formation 1) Marital Conflict
2)Dysfunction in One Spouse
3)Projection of Problem on One
or More Children
4) Emotional Distance How does it happen...
1. Parent focuses on a child out of fear that something is wrong.
2.The parent interprets the child's behavior as confirming the fear.
3. The parent treats the child as if something is really wrong with the child. Level of function differ in siblings. Relationship patterns of nuclear family emotional systems often result in at least one member of a sibling group developing a little more "self" and another member developing a little less "self" than the parents. This explains the differences in differentiation of self among members of different generations. Highly differentiated people usually have stable nuclear families and contribute much to society. Poorly differentiated people usually have chaotic personal lives and depend heavily on others to sustain them. Self is developed between the family interactions and genetically transmitted information. Moving Away Rarely Going Home Avoiding Sensitive Issues Creating Substitute Relationships Problems are Unresolved and Laying Dormant Blaming Others for Problems Vicious Cycle Anxiety Increases Triangles Intensify Reaches To Others 1940
Running in the Halls Rape
Suicide Teen Pregnancy
Assault Drug & Alcohol
Abuse 1990 Teacher Survey Basic Self Regulate Anxiety Relaxation
Techniques Biofeedback Stress
Management The differentiated part of self. Battles pseudo-self and togetherness for individuality. Focuses on "I" rather than others. Doesn't blame. Basic self is guided by well thought-through principles, arrived at by best thinking and logic. Does not lose self in relationships. Pseudo-Self Participates in relationship fusions. Often immature, automatic, thoughtless, and reactive. Made-up of stereotypes. The goal of therapy is to assist family members towards greater levels of differentiation, where there is less blaming, decreased reactivity, and increased responsibility for self. Tree of Techniques Genograms Externalizing the Thinking of Each Client in the Presence of the Other 3 Stages
1) Reduce clients anxiety & learn how the symptom is part of their pattern of relating to others. 3) Coached in differentiation from family of origin. 2) Increase differentiation of basic self. Resist togetherness "I" Positions Detriangling Coaching