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Syphilis

A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic organism called a spirochete.
by

Anna M

on 6 April 2010

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Transcript of Syphilis

SYPHILIS
A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic organism called a spirochete.
Signs and Symptoms...
Different Stages.
Primary Syphilis
Secondary Syphilis
Latent Syphilis
Tertiary Syphilis
Neurosyphilis
How can you get it?
Transmitted Sexually
Congenital-mother to child in uterus
After contact is made it takes approximately 10-90 days for a legion to appear. The legion is called a chancer. It is painless and can stay anywhere from 4-6 weeks before it heals spontaneously. Lymphnode swelling can occur.
It occurs 1-6 months after primary infection. There may be a symetrical reddish-pink non-itchy rash on the trunk and extremeties. The rash can involve the palms of the hands and soles of the feet and other moist areas of the body. The rash becomes flattish, broad , whittish, wort like, infectious legions, known as condyloma latum. Mucus patches may also appear on genitals and mouth.
Most contagious stage
Fever
sore throat
malaise
weight loss
headache
meningismus
Early-Serologic proof of infection, for two years or less, without signs or symptoms.
Late- More than two years without clinical evidence of disease.
50% will progress to late latent syphilis
25% will stay in the latent stage
25% will make a full recovery
occurs one to ten years after initial infection and in some cases up to fifty years
some symptoms are gummas, soft tumor like balls of inflamation known as granulomas. They appear anywhere in the body including the skeleton.
Neuropathic joint disease, which is degeneration of joint surfaces resulting from loss of sensation and fine position sense.
Neurosyphilis and cardiovascularsyphilis
neurological complications include generalized paresis of the insane which result in personality changes, changes in emotional effect, hyperactive reflexis, and Argyll-Robertson pupil (small and irregular pupils)
Tabes dorsalis which is a disorder of the spinal cord. Results in shuffling gait.
Cardiovascular complications include syphilitic aortitis. Aortic aneurysm aneurysm of sinus of valsalva and aortic regurgitation.
refers to a site of infection involving the central nervous system (CNS). This can occur at any stage of syphilis. Most common in patients with HIV.
35%-40% of people with secondary syphilis have asymptomatic CNS involvement.
Four types of neurosyphilis
Asymptomatic neurosyphilis
Meningovascular syphilis
General paresis
Tabes dorsalis
Prevention
Use a condom, STOOPID. ( however nongenital body parts can still be infected)
Cannot be infected through toilet seats, hot tubs, eating utinsils, or clothing.
Treatments
penicillin G
pregnant women can be treated with parenteral penicillin G
For people allergic to penicillin they can be treated with tetracycline or doxycycline
Ceftriaxone
Azithromycin
Desensitization
NASTY PICTURESiiii
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