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Poverty as challenge

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by

Meera Jayaraj

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Poverty as challenge

Poverty as challenge Indicators of Urban and rural poverty Poverty line Causes of poverty Hunger Social Exclusion and Vulnerability Social exclusion can be both a cause and effect of poverty
a process through which individuals or groups are excluded from facilities, benefits and opportunities that others enjoy. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given minimum level necessary to fulfill basic needs. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. Low level of economic development under the British colonial administration Lack of shelter No way to get education Lack of medical care Lack of clean water Lack of proper sanitation facilities Vulnerability to poverty is a measure,which describes the greater probability of certain communities (say, members of a backward caste) or individuals (such as a widow or a
physically handicapped person) of becoming, or remaining, poor in the coming years.. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. A minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement etc. are determined for subsistence X by their prices in rupees. The calorie needs vary depending on age, sex and the type of work that a person does.
The accepted average calorie requirement in India is Rural areas - 2400 calories per person per day
Urban areas - 2100 calories per person per day For the year 2000, the poverty line for a person was fixed at
Rural areas - Rs 328 per month
Urban Areas - Rs 454 per month The World Bank use a uniform standard for the poverty line:
minimum availability of the equivalent of $1 per person per day. Poverty estimates Inter-state disparities Global poverty Scenario With the spread of irrigation and the Green revolution, many job opportunities were created in the agriculture sector. But the effects were limited to some parts of
India. The industries, both in the public and the private sector, did provide some jobs. But these were not enough to absorb all the job seekers. One of the major reasons for this is the unequal distribution of land and other resources. Many other socio-cultural and economic factors also are responsible for poverty. Compare the poverty ratio between 1973 to 2000
1. Probe into the reasons for decrease or increase in poverty ratios.
2. Interpret the poverty estimates based on different social groups Study the table carefully and ponder over the question as why certain states have higher poverty ratio whereas others have less when this is same country.
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