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Transcript of Water Wars
Water Conflict in the Middle East
Conflict over water is common in the Middle East. The sites of most conflict are the Nile drainage basin, the Tigris-Euphrates River, and the Jordan River. The Tigris-Euphrates River supplies much of the water for Turkey, Israel, and Syria. Turkey has built many dams in the river, preventing much of the water from reaching Israel and Syria, increasing conflict.
Water Around the World
The Jordan River is small, but located in an area where every drop counts. The conflict over the river is mainly between Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and Syria. Israel uses much more water than the other groups. ISIS is involved with much conflict over water in the Middle East, mainly with the Jordan and Tigris-Euphrates River.
Ethiopia is trying to place dams on the Nile River. Egypt and Sudan see this as a great threat to their society, for they greatly depend on this river.
“No water, no life. No blue, no green.” -Sylvia Earle
The average man in the USA uses 575 litres of water per day.
The average man in Germany uses 193 litres of water per day.
The average man in China uses 86 litres of water per day.
The average man in Ethiopia uses 15 litres of water per day.
The average man in Mozambique uses 4 litres of water per day.
Water is not a resource that anyone can easily get.. This is why there is conflict. In places such as Mozambique or Ethiopia, people go to extreme lengths to get water. Organizations like ISIS fight over water. In these dry places, such as the Middle East, water conflict is common. In hot, dry regions, water is scarce.
Note: This is from a 2002 study.
“Thousands have lived without love, none without water.” -W. H. Auden
"When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water."-Thomas Fuller
Vol 1, No. 2
Solving the Problem
Some people believe the first water conflict ever is in the story of Noah's Ark, where a long storm was sent down to earth to punish humanity for their sins. Many do not believe this, but water wars have still been going on for a long time. Today, the most recent dispute over water started when the Extreme Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) advanced on the Haditha Dam. They are fighting for control of the Euphrates River Dam located in Northwest of Baghdad.
Conflict over water is occurring in a numbers of places in the world, and we are looking for many ways to stop it.
“Heavy hearts, like heavy clouds in the sky, are best relieved by the letting of a little water.” -Christopher Morley
On July 28, 2010, the United Nations General Assembly deemed access to clean water as a human right. The resolution meant that organizations and countries around the world were being called upon to help give everyone global access to water.
Yet still, it is 2015, and 1/9 of the human population does not have access to clean water. The UN believes that 50 to 100 litres of water are sufficient to support our daily needs. Yet here, in the United States of America, we have nearly 6 times more water daily than the UN suggests as a maximum. We have much, much more water than we need. People across the world, especially in the Middle East, do need it.
"We forget that the water cycle and life cycle are one."-Jacques Yves Cousteau
March 26, 2015
Water conflict is a term describing a conflict between countries, states, or groups over an access to water. The United Nations recognizes that water disputes result from opposing interests of water users, public or private.
A wide range of water conflicts appear throughout history, though rarely are traditional wars waged over water alone. Instead, water has historically been a source of tension and a factor in conflicts that start for other reasons, including territorial disputes, a fight for resources, and strategic advantage. A comprehensive online database of water-related conflicts, the Water Conflict Chronology, has been developed by the Pacific Institute. This database lists violence over water going back nearly 5,000 years, mainly in the Middle East.
“Water is the driving force of all nature.” -Leonardo Da Vinci
The Unfairness In Our World
“People today have forgotten they're really just a part of nature. Yet, they destroy the nature on which our lives depend. They always think they can make something better. Especially scientists. They may be smart, but most don't understand the heart of nature. They only invent things that, in the end, make people unhappy. Yet they're so proud of their inventions. What's worse, most people are, too. They view them as if they were miracles. They worship them. They don't know it, but they're losing nature. They don't see that they're going to perish. The most important things for human beings are clean air and clean water.”
One in nine people do not have access to clean water. They die from diseases in their water, or from not having enough to support their daily needs. Here in America, we can run all the water in our houses for as long as we want, and never run out of clean water. This is why in water deprived areas like the Middle East , wars emerge over the simplest of daily needs. It's strange that something that's necessary for life, can cause so much death.
By Charlie and Preston Melchior- Fisher, Vanessa Ridout, and Demarco Smith