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Southern and Eastern Asian Religions
Transcript of Southern and Eastern Asian Religions
b.Compare and contrast the prominent
religions in S&E Asia The Religions of
Southern and Eastern Asia Hinduism One of the oldest religions in the world
Began in India, still widely practiced
Third largest religion in the world
Borrowed many of the beliefs of the Aryans, a group who invaded from the north around 1500 BC.
Aryan priests followed complicated rituals and hymns known as the Vedas, or the Books of Knowledge Buddhism Began in India, but practiced all over the world
Founded by Siddhartha Gautama in 500 BC
He was very wealthy, but troubled by the poverty and suffering in the world around him
He became a wandering monk, used meditation
Believed that people could find peace if they could reject greed and desire
Borrows some Hindu beliefs, not caste system
He was called Buddha, or The Enlightened One Shintoism Earliest religion of Japan
Means the "way of the gods"
Reverence for the kami, divine spirits that live in nature
Spirits are believed to live in beautiful places, animals, and especially as a person's ancestors
Most Japanese homes have small alters where they offer prayers to the spirits Islam Began in the 7th century AD in the Arabian Peninsula
Follows the teachings of the prophet Muhammed
Came to India in the 1500s AD when Muslim invaders came from the north
Ruled India for almost 200 years
Gather in community mosques for prayer
Their holy book, the Quran, is believed to be the actual word of god The philosophy of Confucianism Follows the teachings of Chinese scholar Confucius
Born around 550 BC and believed the way to peace was for people to behave with good character and virtue
In 121 BC, the emperor made Confucianism the official belief in China
Had a great influence on Chinese government for almost 2000 years Let's review!
What's the difference between
and ethnic group and a religious group? Hindus worship many gods and goddesses
All of these gods are part of a supreme spirit named Brahman
Believe all living things have souls, animals too!
Believe in reincarnation, the idea that the soul does not die with the body
The type of life a person leads will determine what his next life will be like
Karma - your actions determine your fate
Ultimate goal is to reach moksha, freedom from the cycle of reincarnation The Caste System - the belief that social class is hereditary and does not change throughout a person's life The Teachings of Buddha Taught there were Four Noble Truths in life
The goal was to reach Nirvana, a state of perfect peace
To reach this, you must follow The Middle Way, something achieved by using the Eightfold Path
He believed unselfishness was the key to everything
Does not recognize any gods or priests Monotheistic Polytheistic - belief in only one god - believe in many gods Create small, beautiful gardens for reflection Confucius' Golden Rule:
"What you do not like when done unto yourself,
do not unto others."