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Transcript of Christianity
Review of Judaism
Paul of Tarsus
Pharisee who killed Christians
Conversion experience on the road to Damascus (37ish CE)
Missionary - spread Christianity
Wrote many of the letters of the New Testament
Killed in 67 CE - Nero?
Two Monotheistic Religions
Judaism & Christianity
Hebrew (Mesopotamia) --> Palestine
Promised Land / Descendants
Enslaved by Egyptians
Small state - Israel / Judah - 1000 BCE
Tanakh / Hebrew Bible
Jesus of Nazareth - born into Jewish family in the Roman Empire
Born 3-2 BCE
Jewish Rabbi - teacher - 12 disciples (27 CE)
Death of Jesus
Crucified in 30 CE by Pontius Pilate
"Substitutionary atonement" - final sacrifice
Grace / love
But now God has shown us a way to be made right with him without keeping the requirements of the law, as was promised in the writings of Moses and the prophets long ago.
We are made right with God by placing our faith in Jesus Christ. And this is true for everyone who believes, no matter who we are.
For everyone has sinned; we all fall short of God’s glorious standard. Yet God, with undeserved kindness, declares that we are righteous. He did this through Christ Jesus when he freed us from the penalty for our sins.
What are the key beliefs of Judaism?
Built by King Solomon 967 BCE -
Destroyed by Babylonians 587 BCE
Rebuilt and stood until destroyed by Romans in 70 CE
Offerings & Sacrifices =
satisfaction or reparation for a wrong
Term given by outsiders to describe followers of Jesus
Unify Empire - Christianity as main religion vs. Roman gods
Life of Jesus
Paul of Tarsus & Christian writings
Bible "put together" 367 CE
Jesus died for sins of mankind
Love & forgiveness
Transformed Jewish teachings - Bible