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MLA Style Guide and Citations

brief overview of formatting requirements with focus on citations, quotes, and works cited page

Katy Jensen

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of MLA Style Guide and Citations

Formatting In-Text Citations Works Cited Page MLA Works Cited Sample Entries Start Stanley has finished drafting his essay, but now he needs to undertake a perilous journey through the land of MLA. He must put his essay in the proper format, cite his research, and complete a works cited page. EXAMPLES for some types of citations:
1)One author; w/ pages
(Blake 70)
2)Author with multiple works cited; w/ pages
(Lewis, Alice in Wonderland, 13-14)
3)Three authors; no pages
(McCabe, Taylor, and Drinan)
4)More than three authors; no pages
(Gooden et al.)
5)No author; newspaper noncontinuous pages
(“Cheating” A2+)
6)Two works, each with one author; w/ pages
(Jones 42; Haller 57)
7)Quote from a sourced with two authors; w/ pages
(qtd. in Miller and Foss 72) While Stanley had managed the obstacles so far he still had to face the evil workscitedpage monster Online Help:

•The Purdue Online Writing Lab (Purdue OWL)

•Citation Creators (Make sure to double check the format!)
Noodle Bib Express
Son of Citation Machine
MLA Style Monster
Stanley Student MLA General Formatting Rules
12pt, Times New Roman font
double-spaced throughout, but no extras spaces
1 inch margins (1/2 inch for header)
indent first line of each paragraph 1/2 inch
Last name and page number at the top-right of each page
Name, Teacher’s Name, Class, Date (day month year) at top-left of first page
Title centered, first and last words capitalized, NO bold or italics MLA Sample First Page MLA Citations Sample Pages Formatting Rules
•“Works Cited” centered at the top of the page, NO bold or underline
•Last name and page number in top-right, continued from last page of paper
•Alphabetize by the first word in each entry
•Include all works cited in the paper
•Capitalize first, last, and major words of titles.
•Use a short form of the publisher’s name (Norton for W.W. Norton, Vintage for Vintage Books
•Provide a medium (Print, Web, CD, Film) for each source In-text citations, also known as parenthetical citations, acknowledge the source and the location of the material referred to within the paper. They usually include the author’s last name OR a shortened title when no author is given and the page number(s). No commas or “pg.” between these. General Rules for Citations

Citations go before punctuation except for long quotes
Citations use the first word(s) of the works-cited entries
Place a citation directly after any quoted material
Cite words, facts, opinions or ideas taken from sources that are not common knowledge, whether quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.
Many web sources do not have page #s; in this case, only the last name or title.
Do use page #s if given - do not use printer page #s
If the author is named in the sentence, do not repeat in the citation.
Author named in text: Dr. Alan Grant, argues this is the best interpretation (25).
Author in citation: Some argue this is the best interpretation (Grant 25). Rules for Quote Use
Only use material that supports your claim
Always quote material exactly as it appears in original text, even if it's spelled wrong!
Any changes to quoted material need to be marked with [] - "No one [knew] the answer to that question" (Howell 89).
- "[Robert Frost] uses many different technique[s]" (Jeffries).
Use ellipses for omitted material in the middle of a quote
- "If he be Mr. Hyde...I shall be Mr. Seek" (Stevenson 49)
Use a "/" to indicate a line break in poetry
Use block quotes for more than 3 lines of prose, and more than 2 lines of verse (see sample page for formatting) For most entries, you will need information about the author, title, place of publication, publisher, and date, so keep track of each as you research. You can generally find this information on the copyright page or bottom of website. Websites:

• It’s a good idea to keep copies of any sources from the internet. When possible, print or save web pages for future reference.

• For websites, if no place of publication, publisher, or sponsor is given, use n.p. in that space, for no date of publication use n.d., and for no page use n. pag.

• Make sure that any information you take from the internet is reliable. Wikipedia is not. Is there an author? Is he/she a qualified authority? Is the information current? Does the institution creating the website have a bias? Are there any citations?

• For websites with an editor, compiler, director, narrator, or translator, follow the name with the appropriate abbreviation (ed., comp., dir., narr., trans.)

• You no longer have to use URLs in MLA citations, because web addresses can change, documents can appear in multiple places on the web, and most readers can find electronic sources via title or author searches. If a web source could be difficult to find from the information on the works cited page, include the whole URL or a shortened version of the home, search or index page at the end of the citation.

• In general, when using the web version of a work, take the bibliographical citation, remove the original medium (Print), and end the citation with the italicized title of the website, the new medium, and the day, month, and year of access. Republished Work:

Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title. (Ed. Editor’s Name.) Year of original edition. Publication City: Current Publisher, Year of Republication. Medium.

o Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus. Ed. Maurice Hindle. 1818. London: Penguin, 2003. Print.

ª Wilde, Oscar. An Ideal Husband. 5th ed. 1912. London: Methuen & Co., 2009. Project Gutenberg. Web. 4 May 2010.

Edition Other Than The First:

Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title. Name or number of ed. Publication City: Publisher, Year of publication. Medium.

o Adams, Richard. Watership Down. 1st Scribner Classics ed. New York: Scribner, 1976. Print.
Book or Play:

Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title. Publication City: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium.

o Sebranek, Patrick, Verne Meyer, and Dave Kemper. Writers INC: A Guide to Writing, Thinking, and Learning. Burlington: Write Source, 1990. Print.

o Shanley, John Patrick. Doubt: A Parable. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 2005. Print.

Work in an Anthology or Collection (Essay, Poem, Short Story)

Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Short Work.” Title of Anthology or Larger Work. Publication City: Publisher, Year of Publication. Pages. Medium.

o Perrault, Charles. "Little Red Riding Hood." The Classic Fairy Tales: Texts, Criticism. Ed. Maria Tatar. New York: Norton, 1998. 11-13. Print.

ª Whitman, Walt. "I Sing the Body Electric." Leaves of Grass. Philadelphia: David McKay, 1900. n.pag. Bartleby.com. Web. 7 Apr. 2011. Article in a Magazine, Newspaper, or Scholarly Journal:

Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine or Newspaper. Day Month Year: Pages. Medium.

Walsh, James, et al. "Brave New Farm." Time. 11 Jan. 1999: 86-89. Print.

ª Svoboda, Elizabeth. “Faces, Faces Everywhere.” New York Times 13 Feb. 2007, natl. ed.: D1+. Web. 15 Apr. 2011.

Junge, Wolfgang, and Nathan Nelson. “Nature's Rotary Electromotors.” Science 29 Apr. 2005: 642-44. Science Online. Web. 5 Mar. 2009.
Entire Website:

(if possible) Author’s Last Name, First Name (follow name with ed. for editor, comp. for compiler, etc. if appropriate). Title of Website. Publisher or Sponsoring Institution, Date posted or last updated. Medium. Day Month Year of access.

ª Zalta, Edward N., ed. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford U, 2007. Web. 25 July 2008.

One Page of Website (same as above, just include title after author)
"How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, Inc., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009. Interview:

Interviewee's Name. Personal interview. Date of Interview.

Purdue, Pete. Personal interview. 1 Dec. 2000.
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