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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln's Victory as President caused 7 southern states to form the Confederacy.
The Union formed due to no compromise on the issue of slavery,
The first battle of the Civil war started at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861.
The Civil War ended at the Surrender of Robert E. Lee at the Appomattox Court House.
Born: February 12, 1809
Supported Whig Party
1834-1846 Elected to Illinois House of Representatives
1846-1849 United States House of Representatives
1854 Leader in Republican Party
March 4, 1861-April 15, 1865
VP's: Hannibal Hamlin & Andrew Johnson
Supported: Abolition of Slavery
The Anaconda plan was one of Lincoln's military strategies.
This plan divided the Confederacy into 3 distinct units so the Union could "Divide and Conquer," It also blocked off all ports to southern states so they could not receive the necessary supplies they needed for war.
January 1, 1863
The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in rebelling states which covered about 3 million out of the 4 million slaves. This document did not outlaw slavery, it only made the abolition of slavery 1 of the 2 main war goals. The Emancipation Proclamation was not a law passed by congress, it was an executive order based on the presidents constitutional authority. Unfortunately, the slaves were not freed immediately, but varied over the course of the war.
April 4, 1865
Abraham Lincoln was fatally shot by John Wilkes Boothe at a play in Ford's Theatre. Boothe and 3 others planned to kidnap Lincoln and take him to Richmond, the confederate capital, but that plan failed when Lincoln did not show up. this is when they hatched their new plan to assassinate Lincoln at the play.
At 10:15 pm Boothe invaded Lincoln's private box and fired his .44-caliber single-shot derringer into the back of Lincoln's head.
The Doctors decided that there was nothing they could do to save Lincoln's life
At 7:22am Lincoln was pronounced dead.
November 19, 1863
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War. This is when the Union started gaining momentum This battle contained the most casualties on both the Confederate and Union side. After the fight, President Lincoln dedicated the Soldiers' National Cemetery to those that lost their life in this gory clash. Lincoln emphasized the idea of equality as stated in the Constitution. He stated that the Civil War was a struggle over Human Equality.
By: Erin Brooks
Abraham Lincoln's Life
Lived in: Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Washington D.C.
Schooling: Less than 12 months of Formal education
Taught himself Law and passed the bar exam in 1836
Work: Family Farm from 7-21 years old
Hauling Freight on Riverboat
Shopkeeper & Postmaster
Surveyor & Militia Soldier
Lawyer: where he got the name "Honest Abe"
Died: April 14, 1865
Married: Mary Todd, November 4, 1842
Had 4 sons; 1 lived to adulthood, Robert Todd Lincoln
Others: Edward Baker Lincoln, William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln, Thomas "Tad" Lincoln III
This is the earliest known picture of Abraham Lincoln. It is from when he was a frontier lawman at only 37 years of age.
Shepherd, Nicholas H. photographer. "[Abraham Lincoln, Congressman-elect from Illinois. 1846 or 1847]" Photograph. Washington D.C. From Library of Congress:
Selected Abraham Lincoln. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g02439 (accessed June 18, 2015).
Ostendorf, Lloyd, photographer. "Presidential campaign button with portraits of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin" Photograph. Dayton, Ohio: Rockywood Press, c1998. From Library of Congress: Selected Abraham Lincoln. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.19430 (accessed June 18, 2015).
This photograph is a campaign button from Abraham Lincoln's run for presidency. This was the first time buttons were used to show support for a particular president.
To General David Hunter, Lincoln's Role in the Formulation of Military Strategy, by Abraham Lincoln, October 24, 1861. Glider Lehrman Institute. From Digital History.Web. http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=3&psid=392 (accessed June 24, 2015).
Abraham Lincoln, "The Gettysburg Address." American History: From Revolution to Reconstruction and Beyond. Web. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/presidentsabraham-lincoln/the-gettysburhg-address.php (accessed June 24, 2015).
This is the first draft Lincoln did of the Emancipation Proclamation on July 22, 1862
Draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, by President Abraham Lincoln, July 22, 1862. The Robert Todd Lincoln Family Papers, Manuscript Division. From the Library of Congress. Web. http://memory.loc.gov/ammen/alhtml/almss/dep002.html (accessed June 24, 2015).
Abraham Lincoln, I believe, is one of the most influential presidents of all time. First, for the many great things he did for this country, and second, for the many powerful speeches he gave.
This is one of the last pictures taken of Lincoln, 10 weeks before he was assassinated.
Gardner, Alexander, photographer. "[Abraham Lincoln Pres't U.S. February 5th, 165]" Photograph. Washington D.C.: Phillip & Solomons, c1865. From Library of Congress: Selected Abraham Lincoln. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.19215 (accessed June 17, 2015
This photograph shows Lincoln's 4 assasin's being hung in front of a large crowd. The United States of America was very shocked over the death of their beloved president and was glad to see these people receive their punishment.
Gardner, Alexander, photographer. "Washington, D.C. Hanging hooded bodies of the four conspirators; crowd departing" Photograph. Washington D.C.: From the Library of Congress: Selected Abraham Lincoln. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print (accessed June 18, 2015).
In conclusion, Abraham Lincoln was an incredibly influential person who only helped the United States become what we are today. He abolished slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation. He gave one of the most well known speeches of all time, the Gettysburg Address. He helped with the strategic military planning in the Civil War that led to the Union's Victory. Finally, he was a great man who held his values and standards to the highest degree. He loved his wife and children, he loved his job, and he loved his country. The United States of America would not be who we are today with out the incredible amount of help from the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
Abraham Lincoln, "The Gettysburg Address." American History: From Revolution to Reconstruction and Beyond. Web.http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/presidents/abraham-lincoln/the-gettysburg-address.php (accessed June 24, 2015).
Draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, by President Abraham Lincoln, July 22, 1862. The Robert Todd Lincoln Family Papers, Manuscript Division. From Library of Congress. Web. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/almss/dep002.html (accessed June 24, 2015).
Holzer, Harold. Lincoln As I Knew Him, 1st Ed. New York, New York: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 1999.
KORR, MARY. "150 Years Ago: Vigil at Lincoln's bedside." Rhode Island Medical Journal 98, no. 5 (May 2015): 63-64. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed June 24, 2015).
Oates, Stephen B. With Malice Towards None: A Biography of Abraham Lincoln. New York, New York: HarperCollins, 1977.
To General David Hunter, Lincoln’s Role in the Formulation of Military Strategy, by Abraham Lincoln, October 24, 1861. Glider Lehrman Institute. From Digital History. Web. http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=3&psid=392 (accessed June 24, 2015).