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Taxation Without Representation
Transcript of Taxation Without Representation
The French and Indian war is over. The Proclamation of 1763 has forbidden settlement in the West.
Also, Great Britain now has a massive amount of debt they need to repay.
The British think it makes total sense to reign in the colonies and use them to help pay back the debt.
Writs of Assistance
The British have a problem however- Americans hate paying taxes/tariffs on selling goods, so they smuggle them instead.
In 1767, Great Britain authorized writs of assistance- these documents allowed British officers to search American ships to see if they weren't smuggling anything.
Smugglers wouldn't get a trial by jury, either.
Stamp Act- 1765
Great Britain then passed the Stamp Act- this law placed a tax on all printed material (newspapers, playing cards, etc).
Colonists were ticked- they were being taxed without their consent, as they had no representation in British Parliament. Plus, the tax was happening inside the colonies- it wasn't about trade, they were just being straight up robbed.
In Virginia, the House of Burgesses under Patrick Henry passed a resolution insisting that only they could tax Americans.
In Boston, Samuel Adams started a group called the Sons of Liberty, who took much pleasure in causing havock.
They burned British officers in effigy to show their dislike of the new laws.
American merchants began to boycott British goods. British merchants thus began losing amounts of money, so much money that they asked Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act.
In 1767, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts.
These were taxes on any goods imported into the colonies (glass, tea, paper, molasses, etc)- Great Britain thought it would be cool since they weren't taxing anything inside the colonies like the Stamp Act did.
But... the mouse wanted a glass of milk. Americans started another boycott.
What do you think?
Did the colonists have a point, or were they just a bunch of whiners?
Homework: Due MONDAY
The average American paid only 1/20th of the amount of tax an average Brit would pay.