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Individuals with Disabilities Act (I.D.E.A)

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Luz Delcid

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Individuals with Disabilities Act (I.D.E.A)

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (I.D.E.A)
Who is Involved in the Process?
What is I.D.E.A ?
Congress enacted it in 1975 as the Education for all Handicapped Children Act.

In 1991, it was turned into the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Its purpose is to ensure that children with disabilities have the opportunity to receive an appropriate public education just like other children.

IDEA extends coverage to all disabled learners from birth to age 21
Six Major Principles of IDEA
1. All children will be served.

2. Children will be tested fairly to determine if they will receive special education services.

3. Schools have a duty to provide individually designed, appropriate programs for every child at no cost to their parents.

Pros of Mainstreaming
Cons of Mainstreaming
Mainstreaming has been referred to as a “philosophy of inclusion” this is because it intends to promote the greater good, however, it may not always be realized.

Budget cuts leave public schools struggling to provide adequate education to those without specialized needs, this makes it unrealistic to expect special needs students to receive the attention they need within a regular classroom.

It can also be a difficult transition due to the fact that many teachers in regular classrooms have not received training in specialized educational techniques.

Six Major Principles of IDEA (cont.)
4. Children with disabilities will be educated with children who are not disabled.

5. The decisions of the school system can be challenged by parents.

6. Parents of children with disabilities participate in the planning and decision making for their child’s special education.

IDEA and Private Schools
Teaching Tips
Create and constantly remind students of classroom rules, procedures, and expectations.
set fair yet high expectations.
Relate new information to personal experiences.
Use various instructional strategies.
model behavior and strategies .
monitor students work.
modify lessons when necessary.
Give clear ,concise, and organized instruction.
be joyous.


Teaching Tips
If students are having a hard time understanding why their peers act different, a fun way to explain why is through videos
like this one!
• The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) at the U.S. Department of Education regularly provides guidance to the education field on IDEA.
How teachers and parents can work together to help the student in need:
create a positive and organized classroom

build a supporting and caring school community

have frequent meetings with student and parents

provide parents suggestions of how they can help their child at home
Interactive Activity
Hearing loss simulation:
http://www.starkey.com/hearing-loss-simulator

Simulate dyslexia: worksheet.
Is IDEA mandatory or optional in school?
This includes : correspondence in response to questions received from the field (oftentimes OSEP responds directly to questions from state and local special education directors), policy documents and letters on priority issues, and non-regulatory (not subject to government regulations) guidance.
The intention of all this aid is to clarify elements of the law and its regulations
Luz Delcid
Kimberly Borjas

Jimena Gozalo
Adrienne Molina

• The frequent correspondence between OSEP and state and local education boards is necessary for the understanding and implementing of IDEA.
Pros of Mainstreaming(cont.)

1. Parents parently-place their child in a private school
- Children may be as young as 3-5 years of age.
- Parents enroll their children in a private school (including religious ,elementary & high schools)
2. Local Educational Agency role (LEA)
- Responsible for providing services
Which include : locating, identifying, and evaluating the children
-The activities should be similar to those held in a public school

3. Child must have equal participation in school as if attending a public school

IDEA is mandatory in all schools that have the funding for it
All students are entitled to free public education
Students that need financial assistance can receive it through programs the family's local education agency
Reference:

IDEA—the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. (2012). In National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/laws/idea
Guidance from the U.S. Department of Education. (2012). In National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/schools-administrators/doe
Reynolds, T., Zupanick C.E., & Dombeck, M. (n.d.). The Choice of Educational Settings: The Pros and Cons of Mainstreaming Children With Intellectual Disabilities. Retrieved from http://sevencounties.org/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=10364&cn=208
Sadker, D.M., & Zittleman, K.R. (2013). Teachers, Schools and Society (10th ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
It includes individuals with autism and traumatic brain injuries, as well as provides rehabilitation and social work services.

The 2004 revision requires that only state-certified special education teachers can work with special needs learners.

Since IDEA has been revised various times throughout the years this means that even though the law has been around for decades it is still relatively new.


Congress enacted it in 1975 as the Education for all Handicapped Children Act.

In 1991, it was turned into the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Its purpose is to ensure that children with disabilities have the opportunity to receive an appropriate public education just like other children.

IDEA extends coverage to all disabled learners from birth to age 21.


Cons of Mainstreaming (Cont.)
Some students with special needs also have behavioral issues that may be disruptive to the rest of the class.

In relation to this students may also be convinced that the student with special needs "gets away" with more than the rest of the class because of his or her disability, and in turn may act out.

Some argue that mainstreaming could also be unfair to average students because the teachers' time and attention is spent with the children who require more individualized instruction.

What is IDEA? ( cont.)
It includes individuals with autism and traumatic brain injuries, as well as provides rehabilitation and social work services.

The 2004 revision requires that only state-certified special education teachers can work with special needs learners.

Since IDEA has been revised various times throughout the years this means that even though the law has been around for decades it is still relatively new.

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