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Science of Unitary Human Beings

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Ibrahim Akbar

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of Science of Unitary Human Beings

Martha Rogers: Theories, Perspectives and Analysis
Martha Rogers
Presented by:

Ibrahim Akbar
Brittany Tummers
Sahar Saberi
Heven Beyene
Martha Rogers Theories
Nursing Paradigms
"The Hours" Scene
An Introduction
Background & Reflection
Alligood, M.R. (2002). A theory of the art of nursing discovered in Roger’s Science of Unitary Human Beings.
International Journal of Human Caring
, 6(
), 55-60.
Barrett, E.A. M. (1998). A Rogerian science-based nursing practice. In E. Barrett (Ed), Vision of Rogers science nursing (pp. 33-41). New York: National League for Nursing/ Jones and Barlett.
Barrett, E. A. M. (1990b). Visions of Roger’s science-based nursing. New York: National League for Nursing.
Cowling, W. R. (2000). Healing as appreciating wholeness.
ANS Advances in Nursing Science
, 22(
), 16-32.
Fawcett, J. (1995).
Analysis and evaluation of conceptual models of nursing
(3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis.
Rogers, M. E. (1970).
An introduction to the theoretical basis of nursing
. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis.
Rogers, M. E. (1989). Nursing: A science of unitary human being. In J. P. Riehl-Sisca (Ed.),
Conceptual models for nursing practice
(3rd ed., pp. 181-188). Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Rogers, M. E. (1992). Nightingale’s notes on nursing: Prelude to the 21st century. In F. Nightingale,
Notes on nursing; What it is and what it is not
(Commemorative edition, pp. 58-62). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
Rogers, M. E. (1994). The science of unitary human beings: Current perspectives. Nursing Science Quarterly, 7(
), 33-35.
Smith, M. C. & Kyle, L. (2008). Holistic foundations of aromatherapy for nursing.
Holistic Nursing Practice
, 22(
), 3-11.
Walling, A. (2006). Therapeutic modulation of the psychoneuroimmune system by medical acupuncture creates enhanced feelings of well-being.
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
, 18(
), 135-143.
Whall, A. L. (1987). A critique of Rogers’ framework. In R. R. Parse (Ed.),
Nursing science: Major paradigms, theories, and critiques
(pp. 147-158). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
How do you think Martha Rogers’ views on human beings can be applied to the Virginia Woolf’s conversation with her husband
At the Train
In the upcoming clip, Virginia Woolf has gone to the train station behind her husband Leonard’s back. She is eager to leave Richmond. Leonard, after finding her on the platform, tries to persuade her to return home.
Virginia has been brought to Richmond so that she would be free of the voices and headaches that had afflicted her in the city. Unfortunately, the suburb has turned out to be even more unbearable than the symptoms of her “condition.”
While watching Virginia’s conversation with Leonard, reflect on Rogers' theory and how they relate.
NURS 1511: Development of Self as Nurse: Professionhood and Knowledge of Nursing I
Professor Julie Nilsen-Berec
“She felt...how life, from being made up of little separate incidents which one lived one by one, became curled and whole like a wave which bore up with it and threw one down with it, there, with a dash on the beach.”
-Virginia Woolf

Martha Rogers describes an individual as a unified, autonomous whole, in continuous and mutual exchange with the environment, and capable of evolution from lower to high frequency patterns.

“I am made and remade continually. Different people draw different words from me.”
-Virginia Woolf
According to Rogers, people are “irreducible wholes” and nurses should not categorize or label clients based on their condition (Alligood, 2002) . For a meaningful communication and relationship to take place, one needs to know his or her own inner conflicts, moral attitudes, biases, limitations and strengths first, before taking upon the complex task of understanding others.

“We are all in the dark. We try to find out, but can you imagine anything more ludicrous than one person’s opinion of another person? One goes along thinking one knows; but one really doesn’t know.”
-Virginia Woolf

Nurses can promote healing and respect by first knowing who they are through ongoing self-reflection, and then aim at helping their patients by exhibiting openness and unjudging attitudes so that patients can express their feelings and participate fully in their care.
Analysis 2
Below Woolf is referring to the fact that sometimes it is difficult to articulate one’s thoughts and feelings, or to even understand one’s self. The process of self-discovery is a life-long process, and is never fully complete. If we can not understand ourselves we can not claim to understand another.

“If you do not tell the truth about yourself you cannot tell it about other people.”
-Virginia Woolf

Rogers emphasizes the importance of mutual patterning of human and environmental fields by facilitating choice, sharing knowledge and empowerment of clients; it is essential to treat patients as equal partners to provide patient-centered, holistic care by means of allowing them to make decisions about their well-being (Alligood, 2002).
Analysis 3
According to Rogers, nurses may evaluate the patient’s health by integrating their theoretical and intuitive knowledge in continuous pattern appraisal, identifying conflict or harmony, and confirmation of assessment findings with the client, in order to promote their healing and well-being (Barrett,1998).

Appreciation of the client’s unique individuality, active listening, critical thinking, and acknowledging the complexity of creating meaningful relationships lead to nursing practices rooted in participation, facilitation, recognition, and collaboration; rather than having unrealistic expectations of change of the individual’s patterns.
Analysis 4
Virginia woolf quotes. (n.d.) Retrieved November 9, 2014 from http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/6765.Virginia_Woolf
Virginia Woolf
January 1882 - March 1941
English writer and a significant figure in London literacy society
Most famous novels
Mrs. Dalloway, 1925
To the lighthouse, 1927
Orlando, 1928
The book-length essay: A room of one's own, 1929
She suffered from severe episodes of mental illness and bipolar disorder throughout her life
Virginia committed suicide by drowning in 1941 at the age of 59
Just for Fun:
Brought to
you by:

Brittany, Ibrahim,
Sahar & Heven
Full transcript