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Film Techniques

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by

Elissa Galante

on 14 August 2014

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Transcript of Film Techniques

Character Development
This relates to the character's journey throughout the story. What is their personality like at the beginning of the film? What is their personality like at the end of the film?













Characters change and develop throughout stories based on the events happening around them.


Opening, development and resolution
This is another way of saying beginning, middle and end.
Themes
Themes are major ideas that the filmmaker wishes to explore.

Some examples of themes are:

-Love
-Power
-Family
-Good vs. Evil
-Nature
-Courage
-The heroes journey
-Revenge
Establishing shot
This is a very broad camera shot. It often takes in the location of the film, or establishes the location of a particular story. It shows a very wide view of the landscape.
Camera shots
A camera shot is determined by the distance between the camera and the figure or subject of the frame.











Whatever distance is selected will have a significant impact on how the story is shown and how the viewer responds to it.
Visual techniques
The visual elements of film give motion pictures a universal power of communication.

They involve those elements you see in a film such as:

-Camera shots
-Camera angles
-Lighting
-Special effects
-Costume
-Set design
VISUAL and SOUND ELEMENTS
STORY ELEMENTS
WHAT IS FILM?
Entertainment
A visual story
A creative and interesting way of telling a story
Expresses ideas or dreams
Projection on a screen
Provides inspiration
A director's perspective on a story
Film Techniques
THANK YOU!
Film, also called a movie or moving picture, is a story which is conveyed with moving images.

Just like a novel, film tells the who, what, when, where, why and how of a story. This is done through visual and sound elements, as well as story elements.
Long shot
Mid-shot
Medium Close Up
Close Up
Extreme Close Up
This camera shot shows figures and
subjects at full height with detailed
background above, below and
beside them. The details on the
figures/subjects are generally clear.
This shot frames the figure
or subject from the knees or waist up.
This type of shot includes shots
taken when the figure is sitting down.
Detailed facial expressions and close details of a subject are shown in close ups. There is no background, or only a very small edge of background, in the frame.
Is half way between a mid shot and a close up.
This shot shows the face more clearly, without getting uncomfortably close.
An extreme close up shows a specific detail of a figure or subject in a single camera frame.
There is absolutely no background. Some examples are the wink of an eye and the tip of a finger pressing a doorbell.
Camera Angles
Camera shots can be taken from many angles to communicate mood and meaning.
There are four main camera angles:
* Aerial Shot (birds-eye shot)-
In this type of shot, the camera is directly above looking down on the figure or subject of the frame.

* High Angle Shot-
This angle shot is taken from above the figure or subject, but not directly above.

* Eye Level Shot-
This front-on shot gives the impression that the viewer is directly opposite the figure or subject, on the same level.

*Low Angle Shot-
This angle is achieved by placing the camera below the subject or figure and looking up at the subject.
Camera Angles
Sound effects
Sound effects are artificially created or enhanced sound used to emphasise artistic or other content of film and television shows.

Sound effects include everything that you hear in the film such as:
- dialogue between characters
- voice overs
- the musical score
- background everyday noises like traffic
- special sound effects

In motion pictures and television production, a sound effect is a sound recorded and presented to make a specific storytelling or creative point without the use of dialogue or music.
Sound effects
Watch the following clip without sound first, then with sound. Compare the differences of the effect on the audience.
How does the story start? How does it finish?

What happens inbetween?

Does the story go back to being balanced?
Full transcript