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Ashvine Umaparan

on 30 January 2015

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Transcript of PLANETS!!!

-The Earth takes 1 year, 6 hours, 45 minutes, and 48 seconds or 365.26 Earth days to rotate around the sun
-The radius of Earth is 6,371 km
-Equatorial diameter is 12,756
-Polar diameter is 12,714 km
-Circumference of Earth at the equator is about 24,902 miles, but from pole to pole---meridional circumference---Earth is only 24,860 miles around
-Earth's mass is 5,972,190,000,000,000 billion kg
-Known moons: 1
-Notable moons: The Moon
-Earth's surface temperature is -88 to 58 degrees Celcius
-Currently there are approximately 2,465 artificial sattelites orbiting the earth,though Eartth only has 1 natural sattelite
-The actual surface colour is an iron grey colour, but as seen from space is an orb of blue with patches of white, green, and brown
-Most of Earth's surface, about 70 percent is covered with water, and the remaining 30 percent is made up of 7 continental landmasses
-The radius of the Sun is 696,000 km
-The Sun's diameter is 1,392,684 km
-The circumference of the Sun at the equator is 4,370,005.6 km
-Mass of Sun: 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg (333,060 times Earth)
-The Sun has no moons
-The Sun's Surface temperature is 5500 degrees celcius
-It is a common misconception that the Sun is yellow, or orange or even red. However, the Sun is essentially all colors mixed together, which appear to our eyes as white
-When we see the Sun at sunrise or sunset, when it is low in the sky, it may appear yellow, orange, or red, but that is only because its short-wavelength colors (green, blue, violet) are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere, much like small waves are dispersed by big rocks along the shore. Hence only the reds, yellows, and oranges get through the thick atmosphere to our eyes
-Radius of the moon is 1,737.4
-The moon's diameter is 3,475 km
-The circumference of the moon at the equator is 10,917.0 km
-Mass of the moon is 73,476,730,924,573,500 million kg (0.0123 times Earth)
-Orbits: The Earth
-Length of Orbit: 27.3 Earth Days
-The moon's average distance from the earth is 384,400 km
-The Earth's surface temperature -233 to 123 degrees celcius
-The Moon has no atmosphere
-It is the fifth largest natural satellite in the solar system

-Neptune's radius is 24,622 km
-It is the eighth planet from the sun
-The Equatorial Diameter is 49,528 km
-The Polar Diameter is 48,682
-This planet's mass is 102,410,000,000,000,000 billion kg (17.15 times Earth
-Neptune's Equatorial Circumference is 155,600 km
-Neptune has 14 moons which are: MAIN MOONS---Triton, Neried & Proteus OTHER MOONS--- Naiad, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea, Larissa, S/2004 N 1, Halimede, Sao, Laomedeia, Psamathe & Neso
-Triton is Neptune's largest moon
-Neptune has 5 known rings
- Neptune's Orbit Distance:4,498,396,441 km
-Neptune's Orbit Period: 60,190.03 Earth Days (164.79 Earth years)
-This planet's surface temperature is -201 degrees celcius
-The planet was discovered on September 23rd 1846 by Urbrain Le Verrier & Johann Galle
-The planet's equatorial clouds take 18 hours to make one rotation
-Neptune was the first planet found by mathematical prediction rather than by empirical observation
-It was named after the roman god of the seas

-Radius of Venus is 6,052 km
-Venus' Equatorial Diameter & Polar Diameter is 12,104 km
-The planet's Equatorial Circumference is 38,025 km
-Venus has no known moons
-This planet's orbit period is 224.70 Earth days
-Venus' orbit distance is 108,209,475 km
-The planet's surface temperature is 462 degrees celcius
-First Record: 17th century BC
-Recorded by: Babylonian astronomers
-Venus is the hottest planet in our Solar System
-Venus is Earth's sister planet
-It was named after the roman goddess of love and beauty

-Radius of Mars is 3,390 km
-Mars' Equatorial Diameter is 6,805 km
-Polar Diameter of Mars is 6,755 km
-Mars' Equatorial Circumference is 21,297 km
-This planet has 2 known moons which are Phobos and Deimos
-Orbit Distance: 227,942,824 km
-Orbit Period: 686.98 Earth days (1.88 Earth years)
-Mars' surface temperature is -87 to -5 degrees celcius
-First Record: 2nd millennium BC
-Recorded by: Egyptian astronomers
-Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass
-This planet was named after the roman god of war

-Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun
-The planet Satirn is best known for its ring system
-Equatorial Diameter of this planet is 120,536 km
-Saturn's Polar Diameter is 108,728 km
-This planet's Equaorial Circumference is 365,882 km
-The mass of Saturn is 568,319,000,000,000,000 billion kg (95.16 times Earth)
-Saturn has 62 known moons
-The planet's has 30+ known rings (7 groups)
-Orbit Distance: 1,426,666,422 km
-Orbit Period: 10,755.70 Earth days (29.45 Earth years)
-Saturn's surface temperature is -139 degrees celcius
-First record: 8th century BC
-Record by: Assyrians
-The planet Saturn was discovered by the astronomer Galileo Galilei in 1610
-Saturn was named after the roman god of agriculture and time

-Mercury is the closest planet to the sun
-Mass of Mercury is 330,104,000,000,000 billion kg (0.055 times Earth)
-Equatorial and Polar Diameterof this planet is 4,879 km
-Equatorial Circumference is 15,329 km
-The planet Mercury has no known moons
-Its orbit distance is 57,909,227 km
-Its orbit period is 87.97 Earth days
-Mercury's surface temperature is -173 to 427 degrees celcius
-First Record: 14th century BC
-Record By: Assyrian astromoners
-Mercury is the 2nd hottest planet
-It is named for the Roman messenger to the gods

-The mass of Pluto is 13,050,000,000,000 billion kg (0.00218 times Earth)
-Pluto's Diameter is 2,368 km
-The planet has 5 known moons which are Charon, Nix, Hydra, Kerberos, and Styx
-Pluto was oncce the ninth planet but now it is a dwarf planet
-Orbit disatnce: 5,874,000,000 km
-Orbit period: 246.04 Earth years
-The planet's surface temperature -229 degrees celcius
-Pluto was discovered on Febuary 18th 1930 by Clyde W. Tombaugh
-Pluto is named after the Greek god of the underworld which is later name for the more well known Hades

-Mass of Jupiter is 1,898,130,000,000,000,000 billion kg (317.83 times Earth)
-Equatorial Diameter is 142,984 km
-Polar Diameter is 133,709 km
-Equatorial Circumference is 439,264 km
-Jupiter has 67 known moons
-This planet also has 4 known rings
-Its Orbit Period is 4,332.82 Earth days (11.86 Earth years)
-Surface Temperature -108 degrees celcius
-First record: 7th or 8th century BC
-Record by: Babylonian astronomers
-Jupiter is named after the king of the roman gods

-Mass of this planet is 86,810,300,000,000,000 billion kg (14.536 times Earth)
-Equatorial Diameter is 51,118 km
-Polar Diameter is 49,946 km
-Equatorial Circumference is 159,354 km
-This planet has 27 known moons and 13 known rings
-Orbit Distance: 2,870,658,186 km
-Orbit Period: 30,687.15 Earth days (84.02 Earth years
-The Surface temperature is -197 degrees celcius
-It was discovered on March 13th 1781 by William Herschel
-It is the coldest planet in the Solar system

-Pieces of Mars have fallen to earth
-Jupiter is the 4th brightest object in our solar system
-A day on Venus lasts longer than a year
-Saturn is the flattest planet
-Only 1 spacecraft has flown by Neptune
-Mercury has wrinkles
-No spacecraft has visited Pluto

-Asteroids are small airless rocky worlds that revolve around the sun and are too small to be planets
-Large numbers of these, ranging in size from nearly 600 miles across (Ceres) to dust particles are found especially between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter
-A meteoroid is a rocky or metallic body travelling in space
-They are significantly smaller than asteroids
-Meteoroids range in size from small grains to 1 meter wide objects
-When a meteoroid enters Earth's atmosphere it becomes a meteor
-The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. Its name "milky" is derived from its appearance as a dim glowing band arching across the night sky in which the naked eye cannot distinguish individual stars
-A faint band of light crossing the sky made up of vast numbers of faint stars, it corresponds to the plane of our Galaxy where most of its stars are located
-A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, heats up and begins to outgas, displaying a visible atmosphere or coma, and sometimes also a tail
-A comet has 2 tail which are a dust tail and a gas tail (the gas tail is also called the plasma or ion tail
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