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Transcript of Passive
a Topic Passive Active vs Passive Being in a state of action Being more laid back, involving less action The student was doing some work Some work was being done by the student The student was doing some work Some work was being done by the student Subject Verb Object So... What Happens? The object of an active sentence becomes the subject in a passive sentence
The active verb remains in the same tense (less problems for you) but it changes into the passive form - the past participle.
The subject of the active sentence becomes the object in the passive form using the preposition 'by'. How do I do it? Passive Constructions are formed:
By the verbs 'BE' and 'GET' and the past participle (blown, chosen, driven) Passive = be/get + past participle Simplify = Not that you need it...
but just in case... BE I
were GET I
got FYI... The past participle of be and get are been and gotten be = been
get = gotten So why do I have to know this? When do I have to use the passive? Well it's in your o'level syllabus and it is usually included in your o'levels exam and you'll probably have it in my exam but apart from this... 1. when the person/people who did the action are unknown (Bill's car was stolen), not important (the class is being redecorated) or obvious from the context (the robber was arrested) 2. When the action itself is more important that the person/people who are doing it or who did it. The passive is also used in more formal situations (news headlines, advertisements). 3. When the person/people want to avoid taking responsibility/implication for an action (the vase GOT broken. 4. When we want to refer to an unpleasant event and do not want to blame anyone. Someone got caught cheating and was given an exclusion. Rules of Thumb Some complicated matters If in an active sentance the verb is followed by a preposition, in the passive the preposistion goes immediately after the verb. So...
Active = A bee STUNG Thomas ON his leg
Passive = Thomas was STUNG ON his leg by a bee Let becomes 'be allowed to' in the passive.
Her mother lets her play in the garden = She is allowed to play in the garden When asking about who or what performed an action, the passive question is formed:
Who/What ... by
Who was the film directed by?
For other questions the same rules as always apply...
Have they answered the letter yet? = Has the letter been answered yet? Time for you to do some work :) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form. 1 Holland …is said…. (say) to be one of the prettiest countries in Europe.
2 My television (deliver) ……. tomorrow.
3 Teachers ought (pay) …….. a higher salary.
4 Hotel rooms must (vacate) ……. by 12 noon.
5 She hopes her home (build) ……. by May.
6 My car (respray)……. at the moment.
7 Hopefully, she (promote) …….. by the end of next month.
8 I wish I (teach) ……. how to type when I was at school.
9 Your application should (hand in) ……. last Monday. It’s too late now I’m afraid! Change the sentences from the active into the passive. 1 Santa Claus will leave your presents in the stocking
…. Your presents will be left in the stocking by Santa Claus …
2 Bad organisation spoiled their holiday .
3 Teachers mark hundreds of exam papers every year .
4 Who wrote Romeo and Juliet?
5 You should dry your hair before you go out.
6 You mustn’t tell him the truth .
7 Who gave him the new car?
8 They are going to set the lion free next week
9 What time do you expect him to arrive? Change into the passive.
Police are investigating a series of break-ins in the Hattersby area.
Residents have heard noises, but nobody has actually seen anything
suspicious. The recent rise in crime in the neighbourhood has shocked
residents. Locals are discussing matters of security with the police and
they have requested greater police presence in the area . She got drawn by a painter I was bitten by a mosquito CONGRATULATIONS The student was doing some work Some work was being done by the student Subject Verb Object