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Restorative Justice by Steph, Kirsty and Danni
Transcript of Restorative Justice by Steph, Kirsty and Danni
What is Restorative Justice?
an approach to discipline and relationship management that can transform the climate of a school and strengthen relationships between students, and between teachers and students, laying the foundation for improved academic and personal
outcomes in education.
to School Discipline....
3 Questions asked:
Who’s to blame?
What do they deserve?
The Restorative Approach
Who’s been harmed?
What needs to happen to repair
some of that harm?
There is a process-collaboration
Working together-all people affected
'How are we going to make this right?'
Better for victims- healing, closure
Ownership & responsibility for offender
Reduced incidence of re-offenders
Research indicates that "restorative approaches work and can be adopted for a range of different types and sizes of schools." (Centre for Restorative Justice, 2009, p. 3)
Centre for Restorative Justice. (2009). Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Implementation in South Australian Schools. Retrieved from http://www.restorativejustice.com.au/documents/EffectivenessofRestorativeJusticeImplementationinSouthAustralianSchools.pdf
Restorative Justice assumes that:
victims can be generous to their offenders
offenders can be apologetic for their behaviour
communities can take an active role
If any one of those elements is missing, the whole process is weakened
cooperation must be voluntary
may not be able to reach a mutually acceptable resolution
requires an established community
unlikely to work when the "stakes are too high"
Response to behaviour - it does not prevent it
importance of community - unlikely to be as successful in schools with no established 'community of care'
Catholic schools - student responsibilities, keys to success
"Restoration of Relationships"
Why was restorative justice implemented as appose to other approaches?
Encourages boys to reflect on their behaviour and promotes accountability
Is it valuable?
If relationships have been established, it is valuable - persistence is the key
No package to purchase
Professional development is recommended for all key staff members. Executives, teachers, support staff, etc.
This is not essential
Potential to create a positive classroom culture
George, G. (n.d.). Some Advice for School Communities Beginning their Journey with Restorative Practices. Retrieved from http://www.rpforschools.net/uploads/1/2/5/2/12529277/advice.pdf
National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention. (2009). National Center Brief: An Introduction to Restorative Justice. Retrieved from http://sshs.promoteprevent.org/sites/default/files/restorative_justice.pdf
Originated in American Indian and Alaskan native cultures, combination of Indigenous cultures in Australia, Canada and New Zealand.
Founded peacemaking systems developed over centuries - American Justice system
Currently being implemented in schools across Europe, Australia, New Zealand and U.S.
As a teacher, what limitations do you experience with this approach?
Extreme behaviour Time consuming
Rehearsed answers - importance of positive relationships
Daly, K. (2006). The limits of restorative justice. In D. Sullivan & L. Tifft (Eds.), Handbook of Restorative Justice: A Global Perspective. New York: Routledge, pp. 134 – 145.
Marshall, T. (1999). Restorative Justice: An Overview. Home Office, Informaiton & Publications Group, pp. 1-39.
Crisostomo, R. (2008). The effectiveness of Restorative Justice Practices: How to restore justice for at-risk youth (Doctoral dissertation, Dominican University of California). Retrieved from http://www.dominican.edu/academics/education/department-of-education/graduate/seed/2010%20filestorage/crisostomorolando.pdf
Author of Approach
Margaret Thorsborne: is committed to improving
the way people relate to each other in their workplaces
& other communities by providing processes that allow often deeply negative feelings to be gradually transformed into cooperation. As relationships are restored, job satisfaction, morale & productivity improve.
Strengthening connections between people: Putting relationships at the heart of your organisation's success.
Degree Bachelor of Science
Managing Director of Margaret Thorsborne & Associates & Transformative Justice Australia (Qld)
Diploma in Education (University of QLD)
Graduate Diploma in Counselling
(Queensland University of Technology)
Cameron, L. & Thorsborne, M. 2001, “Restorative justice and school discipline: Mutually exclusive?” in J. Braithwaite & H. Strang (eds.), Restorative Justice and Civil Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 180–94.
Impact of Implementing
Applied Behaviour Analysis
Research undertaken by the Queensland Education Department evaluated the effectiveness of Restorative Justice in 119 schools and found that after its implementation in 1996 participants were highly satisfied with the process and its outcomes. (Varnham, 2008, p.76)
Furthermore, statistics gathered at Campbelltown Primary School in Adelaide’s Eastern suburbs saw suspensions drop from 86 in 2003 to just 33 in 2010. In 2003, students were sent to the principal for discipline 683 times. In 2010 there were 76 referrals to the office. (Noonan, March 2011)
Research undertaken by Roxy McGuire who surveyed six Victorian schools concluded that the implementation of Restorative Practices has led to improvement student behaviour and increased the likelihood of students taking responsibility for the harm they have caused. It has improved staff -student relationships and student-student relationships, as well as made these schools calmer, safer and more pleasant places to be. (McGuire, 2007, p. 17)
Effectiveness of Approach
Suvall, C. (2009). Restorative Justice in Schools: Learning from Jena High School. Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 44(1), pp. 547 - 569.
‘Developing a Restorative School’, Independence, Vol. 33 (1). Retrieved from: http://independence.realviewdigital.com/?iid=62579&startpage=page0000071#folio=CV1Marshall, T. F. (1999)
McGuire, R. (2007). Restorative practices : what works. Principal Matters, (72), p.15-17. Retrieved from: http://search.informit.com.au/fullText;dn=161792;res=AEIPT