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Current Issues in Curriculum Implementation
Transcript of Current Issues in Curriculum Implementation
1. Use of computers in the classroom
- Assign works to students
- Study groups in classroom
- Helps teacher to illustrate visual related subject to students
- Students can benefits from installed application
eg : web browser, word processing, movie maker, etc
Educating students with special needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.
These interventions are designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and their community.
Unity in education
Signs of Learning Disabilities:
• Trouble learning the alphabet, rhyming words, and connecting letters to sounds.
• Making many mistakes when reading aloud
• Not understanding what they are reading
• Awkward pencil grip and poor handwriting skills
• Trouble understanding jokes and sarcasm
• Trouble following multiple directions
• Trouble organizing thoughts and what they want to say
• Not following social rules of conversation
• Confusing mathematical symbols and numbers
• Not being able to tell a story in order
• Not knowing where to begin a task
• Emotional and/or social issues
• Trouble sleeping or getting along with family
The issues are:
2. Creating class websites and blogs.
- Teacher create class blog to post assignments
eg : free webhosting like wordpress.com , blogspot, edmodo, dropbox
3. Use of digital microphones in the classroom:
- Helps teacher not to strain their voice
- Students can use it to ask questions in class.
4. Use of mobile devices:
- Students can access academic informations easier.
- Use of mobile apps to access course materials .
5. Use of smart Interactive Whiteboards.
- Teacher can display visual images. illustrate points using pen or finger.
- Students can use it to draw, write points, or manipulate images.
6. Use of online media and online study tools.
- Make use of useful sites eg : You tube,
- online study tools : Dynamic Periodic Table ( p.table.com)
Malaysia’s unique diversity - ethnic, religious, and cultural - has always been its greatest strength, and its greatest challenge
Diversity of schools in Malaysian education
a) Public primary schools. Comprises three main types of schools: SK, SJK(C), and SJK(T).
b) Public secondary schools. These National secondary schools (SMK) are taught in Bahasa Malaysia. SMKs comprise 88% of total secondary enrolments. A small but growing percentage of students also opt for alternative schools such as religious schools. Upon completion of lower secondary school (Form 3), students also have a choice to pursue alternate pathways at technical, vocational, sports, arts, and other schooling options.
c) Private schools. A small but growing number of students enrol in private schools. These schools operate at both the primary and secondary level and include private schools that teach the national curriculum, international schools, religious schools, and Independent Chinese schools. Currently, private schools comprise 1% of total primary enrolments and 4% of total secondary enrolments.
In the United Kingdom, special needs often refers to special needs within an educational context.
Studies have shown that possible risk factors include:
Heredity: Sometimes, learning problems run in families
Problems during Pregnancy or Birth: Disabilities can result from fetal exposure to alcohol or drugs, low birth weight, oxygen deprivation or by premature birth.
Accidents After Birth: Head injury, malnutrition or toxic exposure can increase a child's risk.
Social-Environment Factors: Living in a high risk neighborhood and poor living conditions have been linked to children being more vulnerable to disabilities.
A special education program should be customized to address each individual student's unique needs.
Special educators provide a continuum of services, in which students with special needs receives varying degrees of support based on their individual needs.
Special education programs need to be individualized so that they address the unique combination of needs in a student.
Students with special needs are assessed to determine their specific strengths and weaknesses.
Placement, resources, and goals are determined on the basis of the student's needs.
Accommodations and Modifications to the regular program may include changes in the curriculum, supplementary aides or equipment, and the provision of specialized physical adaptations that allow students to participate in the educational environment as much as possible.
Students may need this help to access subject matter, physically gain access to the school, or meet their emotional needs.
Cater for students who have special educational needs due to severe learning difficulties, physical disabilities or behavioural problems.
Specifically designed, staffed and resourced to provide appropriate special education for children with additional needs.
Special schools provide individualised education, addressing specific needs. Student to teacher ratios are kept low, often 6:1 or lower depending upon the needs of the children.
Special schools will also have other facilities for children with special needs, such as soft play areas, sensory rooms, or swimming pools, which are necessary for treating students with certain conditions
Instructional strategies are classified as being either accommodations or modifications.
An accommodation is a reasonable adjustment to teaching practices so that the student learns the same material, but in a format that is more accessible to the student.
Accommodations may be classified by whether they change the presentation, response, setting, or scheduling of lessons.
• Skipping subjects
• Simplified assignments
• Shorter assignments
• Extended time
Examples of modifications:
• Response accommodations
• Presentation accommodations
• Setting accommodations
• Scheduling accommodations
Examples of accommodations:
The quality of an education system encompasses multiple dimensions.
The assessment of quality in this chapter focuses largely on the intellectual dimension of academic student outcomes, with the benefit of available and measurable data.
There are other critical aspects vital to the quality of education such as a student’s spiritual, emotional, and physical development. Nonetheless, children who are unable to master core intellectual skills such as literacy and numeracy, as well as
higher-order thinking, will be less likely to succeed in today’s rapidly
changing economy and globalised society.
- Malaysian Education Blueprint 2013-2025
Causes and Risk Factors