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Marxism

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erika keenan

on 26 October 2013

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Transcript of Marxism

Marxist Theory
Marxism is a theory based on the 19th century philosophers works of the German philosophers Karl Marx and Fredric Engels.
Marxist Interpretation of The Lady Of Shallot
Important Terms
Alienation - The process where the worker is made to feel foreign to the products of their own labor.

Antagonism - an opposing force, principle or tendency.

Aristocracy - The dominant class during the feudal stage of economic development.


Conclusion
How a Marxist Reads
A
Marxist
reads to analyze what a work reveals about how a subject was formed, how
ideology is expressed
, and
analyze what a work reveals about social hierarchies, political construct, and economy

Some Questions a Marxist would ask are...
1. What
social classes
do the
characters represent?
2. Are characters from all
social levels equally sketched?
3. Which
class does the work claim to represent?
4. What
values
does it
reinforce?
What does it
undermine?
5. How do characters from
different classes interact?
6. How does the
author's

social and economic class
show through the work
?
There are many important terms when it comes to Marxism most of which are used in different ways by other theorists.
Bureaucracy - excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, administrative bureaus or administrators.

Capital - buying in order to sell at a higher profit

Capitalism - A socio-economic system based especially on private ownership of the means of production and the exploitation of the labor force.


Definition:
Marxist Theory: Marxism is a socio- economic and political and worldview or inquiry based on a materialist interpretation of historical development a dialectical view of social transformation, and analysis of class-relations and conflict within society. Marxism builds on a materialist understanding of social development, taking its starting point the necessary economic activities required by human society to provided for its material needs.
History of Marxism
Empiricism - the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience.
Marxist Criticism of "The Lady of Shallot"
Based on this theory, we will be doing a Marxist criticism explanation of the poem"The Lady of Shallot" by Alfred, Lord Tennysen.

The main focus will be on Characters, Age, Gender, Race, Social Class, Social Class expectations, and Injustice.
Proletariat - The "lower" or "working" classes, the members of which must under capitalism sell their labor in order to earn a living.
Marxism, was founded by Karl Marx (1818-1883). He was born and raised into a middle class german family. He received a classical education, and eventually he went to university in Bon and Berlin for philosophy.
By: Aaron, Abby, Erika, Erin, and Damion
Relations of Production - the social structures that regulate the relation between humans in the production of goods.
Surplus Value - The surplus produced over and above what is required to survive, which is translated into profit in capitalism.
Superstructure (Marx) - The ideologies that dominate a particular era, all that "men say, imagine, conceive," including such things as "politics, laws, morality, religion, metaphysics, etc."
Universal Equivalent - An object that is the measure by which all commodities are compared and exchanged on the market.
Barter - To change by exchange of commodities rather than by the use of money

Bourgeoisie - the class that, is primarily concerned with property values.
Analysis
-> The Lady of Shallot: A
woman
"trapped" in her own home, creating woven pieces of art. She is not very wealthy, is believed to be younger, and has no experience with the outside world as she cannot break her "curse". She is later shown dead after breaking the curse, and is depicted as being weak and frail.
-> Sir Lancelot: A honorable young knight in Camelot. He is the certain of attention, and rides a beautiful horse while owning shining armor. He is portrayed as being quite the handsome knight.
-> Traders: Even the common traders seem to be wealthier and better off than The Lady of Shallot.
In conclusion the poem The lady Of Shallot relates to Marxism quite a bit. Marxism is pretty much stating that if she had money and was more popular she would not be cursed any longer. Basically saying she would have never been cursed if she was rich and more well known in the world, because her popularity would be to great to hide in the 'shadows' of her home.
Similarities and Contrast Among Characters
All the characters in the poem appear to be Caucasian based on the medieval era. This means that race has no effect on the status of both The Lady of Shallot and Sir Lancelot. The true Marxist comparison of the two characters would be their economic status, and their genders. As a woman, The Lady of Shallot is considered a tragic death, based on her looks, though no one really knew her. She does not have an influence on the world as she has no connection to the neighboring Camelot. Sir Lancelot on the other hand is quite wealthy and prestigious, and is respected as being a man. If Sir Lancelot were to die, there would be a great uproar among the people, opposed to the few who just found out that The Lady of Shallot exists.
Apparently you gave your teacher editing potential......
Too much power.......
Love
This!!!

Dictionary is quite helpful.
Cool pic. *peace*
taking its starting point (from??)
Nice visual add-ins!!!
How do well spell Tennyson again????

Full transcript