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Mnemonic Devices

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Emily Payan

on 19 October 2013

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Transcript of Mnemonic Devices

A Few Types of Mnemonic Devices:
Keyword Mnemonics with Narrative Chains
Musical Mnemonics
So what are mnemonic devices and why are they crucial learning strategies for students with disabilities?
Mnemonic Devices
"The single most powerful inclusion strategy!"
Why Mnemonic Devices Work & Should Be Used:
Memory is enhances when info is presented auditorily and visually as well as in melody form
Motivation is enhanced by playful nature of strategies
Attention is increased when motivation is increased

Mnemonics are the "new phonics" of the memory world! (That doesn't make sense, does it?)
Well, I tried.
By: Emily Payan
Common misconception...
But mnemonics are for kids!
The Basic Facts:
Mnemonic devices are a way of teaching knowledge level information.
Knowledge is significant
Knowledge is a prerequisite for higher levels of thinking
Conducted my own micro-study of adults that recall meanings of common mnemonics.
Let's take a look...
Mini Case Study:
4 adults
3 commonly learned mnemonic devices
Percent (%) recall
This brief & simple study revealed the effectiveness and long-term recall that mnemonic devices ferment. There was 100% recall with all 4 subjects. Effective? Absolutely!
Mastropieri and Scruggs (1989)
Synthesized the experimental literature investigating the effectivenes of mnemonic instruction with special education students using meta-analytic procedures. Across 19 studies and 983 subjects, results indicated that the average special education student would be better off than 95% of students not receiving mnemonic instruction. Students doubled their scores when instructed mnemonically!
Keyword Mnemonics with Narrative Chains
Memory strategies in which a key word sounds like a target words and is matched to a visual image that connects the target and key word
Musical Mnemonics
(my personal favorite)
Produce significantly more activity in alpha and beta brainwaves in a healthy adult.
Produces significant power increase in low-alpha brainwaves in a person with multiple sclerosis
Full transcript