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Volleyball- Practical Portfolio

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Daniele Alfano

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Volleyball- Practical Portfolio

Practical Portfolio - Volleyball Skills & Techniques Video Analysis Basic Rules & Scoring Systems Tactics Roles & Responsibilities of Officials Serve Dig Smash Set Court Dimensions Rules Scoring Systems The server stands behind the base line.
The players left foot is pointed in the intended direction of the ball.
The weight is on the back right foot and the ball is held in the left hand.
The hitting hand can be in a fist or open and the ball is struck with the palm or flat fist. To prepare for the smash the player must drop off of the net so the setter can set the ball in front of the smasher.

When jumping, both feet should be together to stop the player from jumping forward into the net. The four step approach is usually used as shown on the left. The arms are swung forcefully backwards and the knees are bent.

The power of the jump is a mixture of the arm swing and straightening of the knees and hips.

The hitting arm is drawn back behind and to the side of the head, the arm then straightens at the elbow when jumping with the hand moving from the side of the head to the position of above and slightly in front of the hitting shoulder.

When making contact with the ball it is important to remember the hand should be slightly cupped and contact with the ball is with the palm of the hand slightly in front of the hitting shoulder. The basic volleyball techniques for serving are:
Toss the ball in front of your serving shoulder
Keep your elbow high and back.
Contact the middle of the ball with the middle of your hand.
Follow through on your armswing. The basics of volleyball techniques for digging:

Be up on your toes and on the balls of your feet, not on your heels.
Be ready to get in a stable position to dig a hard driven ball.
Be ready to move to run down a shot or tip.
Arms are bent and in front of you ready to react to dig a ball with your forearms or to play a ball overhead.
Eyes are focused on the hitter watching for any hint as to what they are going to do. Rally scoring will be used.
There will be a point scored on every score of the ball.
Offense will score on a defense miss or out of bounds hit.
Defense will score on an offensive miss, out of bounds hit, or serve into the net.
Game will be played to 25 pts.
Must win by 2 points. 6 players on a team, 3 on the front row and 3 on the back row
Maximum of three hits per side
Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (A block is not considered a hit)
Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on a serve
A ball hitting a boundary line is “in”
A ball is “out” if it hits the floor completely outside the court, any of the net or outside
It is legal to contact the ball with any part of a players body
It is illegal to catch, hold, or throw the ball
If two or more players contact the ball at the same time, it is considered one play and either player involved may make the next contact
A player can not block or attack a serve from on or inside the 10 foot line
After the serve, front line players may switch positions at the net
At higher competition, the officiating crew may be made up of two refs, line judges, scorer, and an assistant scorer Working on volleyball tactics will help you use your own skills and your team’s skills to outplay your opponent.

Volleyball tactics have a lot to do with the positioning of the players and taking advantage of their individual skills. That’s why one of the most important decisions made by a volleyball coach is where each person on the squad will play. Eg. If you have several tall players, you will want them to be positioned up front. In addition to getting the right players in the positions where they can use their strengths, you have to develop your own plan of attack.

Volleyball tactics include a mix of blockers and attackers to get the defense and offense moving. For instance, setters receive the ball and position it so that the right person can send it back over the net.

Volleyball tactics should include a serving strategy Serving is one of the most important skills in volleyball because when someone on your team is serving, you are totally in charge of what is happening on the court. Setters also develop methods of receiving the ball and then setting it up for a hit to return it over the net. The hitters have to be able to move quickly plus they have to have the ability to spike the ball as well. Practicing to improve volleyball positions takes a lot of experience, having players practicing serving tactics can help them immensely when they are under pressure.

The player should always think in your head that every ball is going to be hit to you. That way you can stay alert and be prepared with what you are going to do no matter what situation comes up. One of the most common situations is being on the wrong foot just when the ball is in your grasp. A good tactic is to always keep two hands on the ball and to take quick steps to the net. That way you have more accuracy and you can beat your opponent to the net.

One of the most popular volleyball tactics is to have a 6-2 formation. That means that two players set up the play and there are six attackers in the middle of the court. The first referee is on the stand. The first referee has complete control of the match and can overrule anyone. The primary duties of the first referee are the ball handling calls and discipline, calls all contact fouls and runs the whistle for the game

The second referee is on the floor in front of the benches. The 2nd referee controls everything on the bench side of the court. The time outs, substitutions and questions from the benches are the duties of the 2nd referee. The 2nd referee mainly watches the area between the 3 meter lines (10 foot lines) and the net.

The line judges are in the corners of the court on the floor. Most of the time, there will be 2 line judges. They are to the right of the officials. (And cross court to the left) Their duties include calling the ball in or out, calling touches on any player, and line or antenna faults. The referee can over rule the line judges.

The scorekeeper keeps track of the official score of the match. They will keep track of the substitutions. Scorer is at the table and keeps the book for subs and score, works closely with the umpire

The assistant scorekeeper keeps track of the Libero and substitutions.

The visible scorekeeper does the scoreboard. In this video there is a lot to analyze, as you can see I am performing a set shot. I can see that in the video I am not performing the shot correctly as I am not bending my knees enough and therefore not generating enough power into the shot. Also to perform the shot correctly I should separate my feet so I have a wider stance, the position of the feet is very key as I should also have my feet facing where I will be directing the ball as I don’t want to be getting into the correct position as I am hitting the ball, therefore I need to be prepared beforehand. In this video Liam is performing a dig shot, he has his hands in the correct position to perform a dig shot, but his positioning of his bottom half of the body is not correct, he needs to get lower and bend his knees more, so that when he performs a dig shot he is hardly moving his arms and getting the power from his lower body. There are various drills of improving the set shot, for example;

-Set to Box- This is when the setter will be aiming to set the ball to a target, i.e. Their teammate will be standing on a chair with their hands held up to the height that an attacker would be attacking. Here the setter will become more consistent; this drill is good for all players for developing consistent sets.

-Blocker Movement Setting Drill- This volleyball setting drill starts with the coach throwing the ball up to the setter from the backcourt. Just before the ball reaches the setters hands, the middle blocker takes a step either to the left or to the right. The setter then sets the ball in the opposite direction of the blockers movement. This trains setters to be aware of what their opposition is doing which results in making better decisions setting. This will give setters the ability to see their opposing blockers movement before setting.

-Setter Concentration Drill- This drill involves a setter going back and forth under the net setting both teams. This volleyball setting drill starts by the coach giving the team a free ball. The setter runs the play as he/she passes the ball; the hitter places the ball deep by hitting a high arcing shot or taking the ball overhead with the hands. This gives the setter a little more time to get to the other side of the net to get ready to set. This drill is good for conditioning and training the setter to concentrate on getting in good setting position. How to improve the dig shot;
If the ball is about to hit the floor it can be rescued with a dig and therefore, rescuing your team from the other side getting a point. The idea of the dig is to bring the ball back up into the air so it can be volleyed or slammed into the other team’s court.
The technique is to lock your elbows with your hands together in front of you and hit the ball with the part of your hand between your palm or thumbs and your wrist, depending on whether you have your hands positioned wrists up or wrists together.
When you make contact with the ball. Do not lift your arms to hit it. This is very important. You must bend from the knees and use the force of coming up again as the power behind the ball. This way you can aim with your arms and control the ball so it doesn't go to high. If you use power from your arms moving up to hit the ball, you have much less control and it is more likely to go backwards than forwards and upwards. Scenarios;

-In a game Player 1 chests the ball over the net into player 2. Here the game would continue and the game will still run unless the ball hits the floor, as player 1 may have jumped up and accidentally blocked the ball with his/her chest as they are putting the body on the line.

-Player 1 runs into net and the net falls to the ground, the official controlling the game will stop the game, set up the net again, and replay the point.

-A player on the team is dripping with sweat, and the sweat develops into a puddle, the official controlling the game will have to stop the game for health and safety and clear up the hazarded substance so no player is in danger of slipping. Analysis Both set of pictures shows a bad technique to try and perform a dig shot. First both Liam and myself are not low enough as we are not bending our knees enough, this will affect the dig shot as we will not be able to generate enough power into the shot, therefore when we perform the dig the ball not go very far. Also if you are not low enough when performing the dig shot the power will be generated from the arms, which is incorrect as it should be generated from the knees. In the two set of pictures we can see that both Liam and myself keep our eyes on the ball the whole time, but another negative is that on the last picture as you can see we are not springing enough. A positive is that both mine and Liam’s arms are straight with our thumbs tucked in, this is good as we are hitting the ball with the correct with the correct arm wherever we hit it, because having straight arms, we can use them as a platform.
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