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World War II Prezi

Facts, & Figures about the greatest conflict in human history.
by

Paul McVey

on 9 February 2012

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Transcript of World War II Prezi

WORLD WAR II
DICTATORS & WAR (Ch. 14)
how & why did dictators rise to power in the 1930s?
what aggressive actions were taken by dictatorships?
how did other countries respond?
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
failed
WWI did not "end all wars"
revenge
TOTALITARIANISM...single party or leader controls economic, social, & cultural lives of people

1917 revolution led by Lenin
Joseph Stalin "man of steel"
transformed Russia into an industrial power
10 million people were killed
TOTALITARIAN STATES HAVE...
single-party dictators control
every aspect of life
strong, charismatic leaders
gov. controls economy
use of police, spies, terror
gov. controls media (propaganda)
ideology spread through schools
strict censorship

BENITO MUSSOLINI
"IL DUCE" = the leader
FASCISM= right wing organization
believes in nationalism, despises communism & socialism

Weimar Republic
ADOLF HITLER
"der Fuhrer" = the leader
National Socialist German Worker's Party (NAZI)
Wrote "Mein Kampf"
anti-Semetic
Aryan supremecy
LEBENSRAUM
JAPAN
SPAIN
APPEASEMENT
CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II
-League of Nations
-destruction of WWI
-militarism & nationalism particularly in Germany, Italy, and Japan
-Failure of Treaty of Versailles
-Acts of aggression by Axis powers
-Global Depression
-British/French Appeasement
AXIS POWERS

-Germany (Hitler)
-Italy (Mussolini
-Japan (Tojo/Hirohito)
ALLIES

-Great Britain (Churchill)
-France (de Gaulle)
-Soviet Union (Stalin)
-United States (Roosevelt)
Steps toward American Involvement
militarists take over
expansion in Asia would solve problems
constitutional monarchy
Emperor Hirohito
Hideki Tojo
-attack Manchuria (1931)
-"Rape of Nanjing" (1937)
"The best lack all conviction
and the worst are full of passionate
intensity" ~William Butler Yeats
attacks Ethiopia
Spanish Civil War
-Nationalists (fascists) defeat democratic Republican government
-Francisco Franco takes over w/Nazi help
-policy of Britain & France
-granting concessions to an
enemy in the hopes of maintaining peace
ex. ANSCHLUSS...Austria taken over by Germany
ex. MUNICH PACT-gave Hitler the Sudetenland n exhange for "peace in our time"
Germany
Italy
Russia
1935-1937 - Congress passes Neutrality Acts to prevent U.S. from being drawn into foreign wars
1939 - Neutrality Act of 1939 allows bellgerent nations to buy supplies from the United States on a CASH & CARRY BASIS; favors the Allies
September 1940 - Roosevelt tightens trade embargo against Japan; Congress passes Selective Service Act, instituting a peace time draft
March 1941-Congress passes the LEND-LEASE ACT, allowing the U.S. to give aid to the Allies
August 1941- Roosevelt and Churchill issue the Atlantic Charter
Summer 1941- Japanese & American diplomats try to resolve differences
October/November 1941- German U-boats sink U.S. Navy ships, merchant ships are armed & allowed to sink U-Boats
December 7, 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor; the United States declares war on Japan and later on Germany & Italy
German Aggression
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact ( August 1939)
Invades Poland with Blitzkrieg "lightning war" ( September 1939)
Attacks Denmark & Norway ( April 1940)
Invades Netherlands, Belgium, & Luxembourg (May 1940)
Invades France
(not through Belgium or Maginot Line) through the Ardeness Forest (May, 1940)
"PHONY WAR"/"Sitzkrieg"
British & French troops escape @ Dunkirk
Battle of Britain (June/July 1940)
Pearl Harbor
2,500 people killed
8 battleships sunk or damaged
3 destroyers unusable
3 light cruisers damaged
160 aircraft dstroyed
NO AIRCRAFT CARRIERS AFFECTED
AMERICA DECLARES WAR
-nothing is the same again-
Mobilizing for War
Patriotism
Service
Volunteerism
Integration
Woman's Army Corps (WAC)
Nurses
War Production Board (WPB)
Depression Over
Fighting in the Pacific
Japan takes the Philippines
Gen. Douglas Macarthur "I shall return"
75,000 soldiers becom POW's
-sick malnourished forced to march 63 mi.
-BATAAN DEATH MARCH (7,000 die)
pg. 458
Doolittle Raid
America strikes back
Colonel James Doolittle
Bomb Tokyo w/ 16 B-25 bombers
50 Japanese killed, 100 buildings destroyed
Boosted Morale
Battle of Coral Sea
Japan call off attack on New Guinea
Is not able to invade Australia
Aircraft Carrier War!
Office of War Mobilization (OWM)
Turning the Tide in Europe
Turning the Tide in the Pacific
Axis Strategy
-Japan, Germany, and Italy were not coordinated
-Hitler wants to dominate Europe and eliminate "inferior" people
-Italy want to dominate the Mediterranean and East Africa
-Japan wants to control Western Pacific and Asia
Allied Strategy
-common goals...Germany is the most dangerous, "Europe First"
-defeat Hitler first in Europe, then
concentrate on defeating the Japanese
"arsenal of democracy"
U-boats battle in the N. Atlantic
Battle of Stalingrad
North Africa
Italian Campaign
Bombing Germany
D-Day..."the longest day"
Battle of the Bulge
-Dec. 1944 massive
Germanc ounter-attack
in Ardennes forest
-Allies win, Germany
uses resources, troops
demoralized
April 12, 1945
-FDR dies...Harry Truman
becomes President

April 30, 1945
-Hitler commits suicide

May 7, 1945
-Germany Surrenders
-V-E day (Victory in Europe)
Pearl Harbor
Doolittle's Raid
Battle of the Coral Sea
Battle of Midway
Battle of Guadalcanal
Island-hopping
Battle of Iwo Jima
Battle of Okinawa
EFFECTS OF WORLD WAR II
Europe & Japan in ruins
European colonies gradually gain independence
Soviets dominate Eastern Europe
Cold War between United States & Soviet Union
America becomes a superpower (along with Soviet Union)
African-Americans gain momentum
to pursue Civil Rights
U.S. Government plays a
larger international role
War Criminals get punished
The U.S. Booms (again) but like never before
World War II Casualty Facts

Jewish Dead (5.7 million total)



United States 12,300,000 292,000 671,800 6,000 $288.0
United Kingdom 5,120,000 264,000 300,000 91,000 $82.6
Soviet Union 12,500,000 7,500,000 18,000,000 9,000,000 $93.0
France 5,000,000 250,000 350,000 350,000 $111.3
China 5,000,000 1,310,000 1,793,000 10,000,000 $41.9
Germany 10,200,000 3,500,000 5,000,000 1,400,000 $212.3
Japan 6,095,000 1,750,000 4,000,000 672,000 $41.3
Italy 3,750,000 250,000 66,000 100,000 $21.0
Yalta Conference: meeting of the "Big 3": Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt
to discuss final strategy
Potsdam Conference: new "Big 3"
Atlee, Stalin, and Truman
-divide Germany into zones of occupation, Poland, finish Japan
Japanese military occupation, MacArthur constitution
abolished military
Emperor stays in power
women's suffrage
economic recovery
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Creation of Israel
mobilized
military deaths
civilian
deaths
cost
(billions)
wounded
Germany loses & doesn't invade
Britain (Operation Sea Lion)
ISOLATIONISTS
the U.S. should avoid alliances
Americans should focus on issues at home (depression)
Neutrality will keep the U.S. safe
Intervention would be as mistake (Did WWI solve anything?)
INTERVENTIONISTS
U.S. should work with others for 'collective security'
Axis aggression is wrong and threatens American interests
U.S. should aid the allies who are fighting for democracy & freedom
U.S. should put pressure on the Allies and prepare for war
RADAR helps locate
U-boats, Convoys,
aerial bombers,
depth charges
Germans stopped by Soviet resistance
and "General Winter"
HItler wants oil fields, doesn't retreat
Soviet Union on the offensive
2 million casualties! (killed, missing, wounded)
-U.S. & British vs. Italians & Germans
-buys time for inavasion of France
-sets stage for invasion of Italy
-British move E to W, U.S. W to E
-Rommel (Ger.) lacks supplies to win
-U.S. learned how to be very aggressive
-Allies win under Eisenhower & Patton
UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER
-giving up without any concessions
-invade Sicily 1st
-topple Mussolini
-Germans fight fiercely in N. & S. Italy
-difficult fight from 1943-1945
SATURATION BOMBING = flying at night,
massive bombing runs, mainly British

STRATEGIC BOMBING = flying in the day,
pinpoint targets, mainly American

TUSKEEGEE AIRMEN: Aftican-American fighter
squadron that escorted bombers
-turning pt. in the Pacific
-Yamamoto want to take
the naval base at Midway &
take over Hawaii & the Aleutians
-Nimitz breaks code & surprise
the Japanese...huge victory
-Marines win a bloody
battle in the S. Pacific
-begin "island hopping"
-defeat Japan from the
S. and E.
THE HOME FRONT
-How did WWII change American's
lives at home?
Women
-women need to "do their part"
-jobs, jobs, jobs
-heavy industry jobs
-even married women work
-gives women confidence, skills,
independence, and spending $$$
African-Americans
-segregated jobs/discrimination
-"Double V" campaing...victory against
fascism & discrimination
-A. PHILIP RANDOLPH: African-American
labor leader, organized protests & marches
EXECUTIVE ORDER 8802: FDR ensures fair
hiring practices for jobs funded by gov't money
-encourages the NAACP, CORE & the Civil Rights
movement
Mexican-Americans
-California & industrial cities grow...need workers
-BRACERO PROGRAM: brings workers in from
Mexico to work on farms
-ZOOT-SUIT RIOTS: Mexican-Americans in L.A.
attacked by off-duty sailors--police arrest the
Mexican zoot-suiters!
Japanese-Americans
-EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066: FDR orders
100,000 Japanese-Americans to internment
camps in rural areas across the West.
Issei = Japanese immigrants
Nisei = native-born Japanese-Americans
-forced to sell property at a loss
-INTERNMENT = temporary imprisonment
-442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM...most
decorated unit in American history...loyal???
Government's Role
-national debt skyrockets!
-Americans asked to buy war bonds
-scarcity of consumer goods because
factories were producing war supplies
OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION
-control wages & set prices
RATIONING = limit consumption of
vital materials like oil & rubber
OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION
-propaganda agency to support the
war effort...movies, radio, posters, print
Teheran Conference
-meeting of the "Big Three"
-decide how to end the war
-gives the go-ahead for Operation Overlord
(D-Day)
Japanese Troops Fight to the Death
-bushido "code of the Samurai"
-banzai-"suicide attacks" to avoid dishonor or capture
-KAMIKAZE-Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed
their planes into American ships
-340 mi. from Japan, needed to bomb Japan directly
-500,000 troops
-1,213 warships
-50,000 U.S. casualties
Manhattan Project
-U.S. program to develop the atomic bomb
Albert Einstein
-wrote a letter to Roosevelt recommending
the U.S. try to develop the bomb
J. Robert Oppenheimer
-scientific leader of the project "Now I am become
Death, the destroyer of worlds."
Should Harry Truman drop atomic bombs on Japan?
Yes
-Japan would surrender
-wouldn't have to invade
Japan...1,000,000 + deaths
-save American lives
-save Japanse civilian
casualties
-give Japan an ultimatum
first
-Remember Pearl Harbor
No
-give Japan more of an opportunity
to surrender
-do you really need to drop two?
-why not show them what the bomb
can do without actually using it?
-civilian deaths!
-opens the door for our enemies to
eventually use it against us
August 6, 1945
-atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
-60,000+ killed

August 9, 1945
-atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
-35,000+ killed

August 15, 1945
-V-J Day (Victory in Japan)

September 2, 1945
-Japan formally surrenders
"Remember Pearl Harbor"
-5 Million VOLUNTEER to serve in military
-10 Million get drafted by SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT
-Women's Auxilary Army Corp (WAAC)
-nurses, ambulance drivers, radio operators, electicians, pilots
-Recruiting, Discrimination, & Contribution of Minories
-Factories convert to war production
-18 million workers served (6 million women)
-A. Philip Randolph
-Hollywood
-Scientists...Manhattan Project
-Government Economic Controls
-Rationing!
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