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World War II Prezi

Facts, & Figures about the greatest conflict in human history.
by

Paul McVey

on 9 February 2012

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Transcript of World War II Prezi

WORLD WAR II DICTATORS & WAR (Ch. 14)
how & why did dictators rise to power in the 1930s?
what aggressive actions were taken by dictatorships?
how did other countries respond? TREATY OF VERSAILLES
failed
WWI did not "end all wars"
revenge
TOTALITARIANISM...single party or leader controls economic, social, & cultural lives of people
1917 revolution led by Lenin
Joseph Stalin "man of steel"
transformed Russia into an industrial power
10 million people were killed TOTALITARIAN STATES HAVE...
single-party dictators control
every aspect of life
strong, charismatic leaders
gov. controls economy
use of police, spies, terror
gov. controls media (propaganda)
ideology spread through schools
strict censorship
BENITO MUSSOLINI
"IL DUCE" = the leader
FASCISM= right wing organization
believes in nationalism, despises communism & socialism
Weimar Republic
ADOLF HITLER
"der Fuhrer" = the leader
National Socialist German Worker's Party (NAZI)
Wrote "Mein Kampf"
anti-Semetic
Aryan supremecy
LEBENSRAUM JAPAN SPAIN APPEASEMENT CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II
-League of Nations
-destruction of WWI
-militarism & nationalism particularly in Germany, Italy, and Japan
-Failure of Treaty of Versailles
-Acts of aggression by Axis powers
-Global Depression
-British/French Appeasement AXIS POWERS

-Germany (Hitler)
-Italy (Mussolini
-Japan (Tojo/Hirohito)
ALLIES

-Great Britain (Churchill)
-France (de Gaulle)
-Soviet Union (Stalin)
-United States (Roosevelt) Steps toward American Involvement militarists take over
expansion in Asia would solve problems
constitutional monarchy
Emperor Hirohito
Hideki Tojo -attack Manchuria (1931)
-"Rape of Nanjing" (1937) "The best lack all conviction
and the worst are full of passionate
intensity" ~William Butler Yeats attacks Ethiopia Spanish Civil War
-Nationalists (fascists) defeat democratic Republican government
-Francisco Franco takes over w/Nazi help -policy of Britain & France
-granting concessions to an
enemy in the hopes of maintaining peace
ex. ANSCHLUSS...Austria taken over by Germany
ex. MUNICH PACT-gave Hitler the Sudetenland n exhange for "peace in our time" Germany Italy Russia 1935-1937 - Congress passes Neutrality Acts to prevent U.S. from being drawn into foreign wars 1939 - Neutrality Act of 1939 allows bellgerent nations to buy supplies from the United States on a CASH & CARRY BASIS; favors the Allies September 1940 - Roosevelt tightens trade embargo against Japan; Congress passes Selective Service Act, instituting a peace time draft March 1941-Congress passes the LEND-LEASE ACT, allowing the U.S. to give aid to the Allies August 1941- Roosevelt and Churchill issue the Atlantic Charter Summer 1941- Japanese & American diplomats try to resolve differences October/November 1941- German U-boats sink U.S. Navy ships, merchant ships are armed & allowed to sink U-Boats December 7, 1941- Japan attacks Pearl Harbor; the United States declares war on Japan and later on Germany & Italy German Aggression Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact ( August 1939) Invades Poland with Blitzkrieg "lightning war" ( September 1939) Attacks Denmark & Norway ( April 1940) Invades Netherlands, Belgium, & Luxembourg (May 1940) Invades France
(not through Belgium or Maginot Line) through the Ardeness Forest (May, 1940) "PHONY WAR"/"Sitzkrieg" British & French troops escape @ Dunkirk Battle of Britain (June/July 1940) Pearl Harbor 2,500 people killed
8 battleships sunk or damaged
3 destroyers unusable
3 light cruisers damaged
160 aircraft dstroyed
NO AIRCRAFT CARRIERS AFFECTED AMERICA DECLARES WAR
-nothing is the same again- Mobilizing for War Patriotism Service Volunteerism Integration Woman's Army Corps (WAC) Nurses War Production Board (WPB) Depression Over Fighting in the Pacific Japan takes the Philippines
Gen. Douglas Macarthur "I shall return"
75,000 soldiers becom POW's
-sick malnourished forced to march 63 mi.
-BATAAN DEATH MARCH (7,000 die) pg. 458 Doolittle Raid America strikes back
Colonel James Doolittle
Bomb Tokyo w/ 16 B-25 bombers
50 Japanese killed, 100 buildings destroyed
Boosted Morale Battle of Coral Sea Japan call off attack on New Guinea
Is not able to invade Australia
Aircraft Carrier War! Office of War Mobilization (OWM) Turning the Tide in Europe Turning the Tide in the Pacific Axis Strategy
-Japan, Germany, and Italy were not coordinated
-Hitler wants to dominate Europe and eliminate "inferior" people
-Italy want to dominate the Mediterranean and East Africa
-Japan wants to control Western Pacific and Asia Allied Strategy
-common goals...Germany is the most dangerous, "Europe First"
-defeat Hitler first in Europe, then
concentrate on defeating the Japanese "arsenal of democracy" U-boats battle in the N. Atlantic Battle of Stalingrad North Africa Italian Campaign Bombing Germany D-Day..."the longest day" Battle of the Bulge
-Dec. 1944 massive
Germanc ounter-attack
in Ardennes forest
-Allies win, Germany
uses resources, troops
demoralized April 12, 1945
-FDR dies...Harry Truman
becomes President

April 30, 1945
-Hitler commits suicide

May 7, 1945
-Germany Surrenders
-V-E day (Victory in Europe) Pearl Harbor Doolittle's Raid Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Midway Battle of Guadalcanal Island-hopping Battle of Iwo Jima Battle of Okinawa EFFECTS OF WORLD WAR II Europe & Japan in ruins European colonies gradually gain independence Soviets dominate Eastern Europe Cold War between United States & Soviet Union America becomes a superpower (along with Soviet Union) African-Americans gain momentum
to pursue Civil Rights U.S. Government plays a
larger international role War Criminals get punished The U.S. Booms (again) but like never before World War II Casualty Facts

Jewish Dead (5.7 million total)



United States 12,300,000 292,000 671,800 6,000 $288.0
United Kingdom 5,120,000 264,000 300,000 91,000 $82.6
Soviet Union 12,500,000 7,500,000 18,000,000 9,000,000 $93.0
France 5,000,000 250,000 350,000 350,000 $111.3
China 5,000,000 1,310,000 1,793,000 10,000,000 $41.9
Germany 10,200,000 3,500,000 5,000,000 1,400,000 $212.3
Japan 6,095,000 1,750,000 4,000,000 672,000 $41.3
Italy 3,750,000 250,000 66,000 100,000 $21.0 Yalta Conference: meeting of the "Big 3": Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt
to discuss final strategy Potsdam Conference: new "Big 3"
Atlee, Stalin, and Truman
-divide Germany into zones of occupation, Poland, finish Japan Japanese military occupation, MacArthur constitution abolished military
Emperor stays in power
women's suffrage
economic recovery International Monetary Fund (IMF) General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT) Universal Declaration of Human Rights Creation of Israel mobilized military deaths civilian
deaths cost
(billions) wounded Germany loses & doesn't invade
Britain (Operation Sea Lion) ISOLATIONISTS
the U.S. should avoid alliances
Americans should focus on issues at home (depression)
Neutrality will keep the U.S. safe
Intervention would be as mistake (Did WWI solve anything?) INTERVENTIONISTS
U.S. should work with others for 'collective security'
Axis aggression is wrong and threatens American interests
U.S. should aid the allies who are fighting for democracy & freedom
U.S. should put pressure on the Allies and prepare for war RADAR helps locate
U-boats, Convoys,
aerial bombers,
depth charges Germans stopped by Soviet resistance
and "General Winter"
HItler wants oil fields, doesn't retreat
Soviet Union on the offensive
2 million casualties! (killed, missing, wounded) -U.S. & British vs. Italians & Germans
-buys time for inavasion of France
-sets stage for invasion of Italy
-British move E to W, U.S. W to E
-Rommel (Ger.) lacks supplies to win
-U.S. learned how to be very aggressive
-Allies win under Eisenhower & Patton UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER
-giving up without any concessions
-invade Sicily 1st
-topple Mussolini
-Germans fight fiercely in N. & S. Italy
-difficult fight from 1943-1945 SATURATION BOMBING = flying at night,
massive bombing runs, mainly British

STRATEGIC BOMBING = flying in the day,
pinpoint targets, mainly American

TUSKEEGEE AIRMEN: Aftican-American fighter
squadron that escorted bombers -turning pt. in the Pacific
-Yamamoto want to take
the naval base at Midway &
take over Hawaii & the Aleutians
-Nimitz breaks code & surprise
the Japanese...huge victory -Marines win a bloody
battle in the S. Pacific
-begin "island hopping"
-defeat Japan from the
S. and E. THE HOME FRONT
-How did WWII change American's
lives at home? Women
-women need to "do their part"
-jobs, jobs, jobs
-heavy industry jobs
-even married women work
-gives women confidence, skills,
independence, and spending $$$ African-Americans
-segregated jobs/discrimination
-"Double V" campaing...victory against
fascism & discrimination
-A. PHILIP RANDOLPH: African-American
labor leader, organized protests & marches
EXECUTIVE ORDER 8802: FDR ensures fair
hiring practices for jobs funded by gov't money
-encourages the NAACP, CORE & the Civil Rights
movement Mexican-Americans
-California & industrial cities grow...need workers
-BRACERO PROGRAM: brings workers in from
Mexico to work on farms
-ZOOT-SUIT RIOTS: Mexican-Americans in L.A.
attacked by off-duty sailors--police arrest the
Mexican zoot-suiters! Japanese-Americans
-EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066: FDR orders
100,000 Japanese-Americans to internment
camps in rural areas across the West.
Issei = Japanese immigrants
Nisei = native-born Japanese-Americans
-forced to sell property at a loss
-INTERNMENT = temporary imprisonment
-442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM...most
decorated unit in American history...loyal??? Government's Role
-national debt skyrockets!
-Americans asked to buy war bonds
-scarcity of consumer goods because
factories were producing war supplies
OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION
-control wages & set prices
RATIONING = limit consumption of
vital materials like oil & rubber
OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION
-propaganda agency to support the
war effort...movies, radio, posters, print Teheran Conference
-meeting of the "Big Three"
-decide how to end the war
-gives the go-ahead for Operation Overlord
(D-Day) Japanese Troops Fight to the Death
-bushido "code of the Samurai"
-banzai-"suicide attacks" to avoid dishonor or capture
-KAMIKAZE-Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed
their planes into American ships -340 mi. from Japan, needed to bomb Japan directly
-500,000 troops
-1,213 warships
-50,000 U.S. casualties
Manhattan Project
-U.S. program to develop the atomic bomb
Albert Einstein
-wrote a letter to Roosevelt recommending
the U.S. try to develop the bomb
J. Robert Oppenheimer
-scientific leader of the project "Now I am become
Death, the destroyer of worlds." Should Harry Truman drop atomic bombs on Japan? Yes
-Japan would surrender
-wouldn't have to invade
Japan...1,000,000 + deaths
-save American lives
-save Japanse civilian
casualties
-give Japan an ultimatum
first
-Remember Pearl Harbor No
-give Japan more of an opportunity
to surrender
-do you really need to drop two?
-why not show them what the bomb
can do without actually using it?
-civilian deaths!
-opens the door for our enemies to
eventually use it against us August 6, 1945
-atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
-60,000+ killed

August 9, 1945
-atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
-35,000+ killed

August 15, 1945
-V-J Day (Victory in Japan)

September 2, 1945
-Japan formally surrenders
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