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The Elements of Research
Transcript of The Elements of Research
Mercedes High School
Choosing a Topic:
An American Political Issue
Formulating a Research Question
The topic alone is too broad. You must focus
your topic into a question or questions you will answer in your paper.
Think about issues surrounding the topic.
Pose questions worth exploring
Choose a narrow question
Choose a challenging questions
Choose a grounded questions
Understanding and Choosing Sources
The Elements of Research
English II Pre-AP
Creating Bibliography Card for Online Database Sources
Creating a Bibliography Card for a book with one author.
HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR A BOOK
with one author
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of
publication: Name of publisher, year of
Christianson, Lori. The Joy of Research Papers. New York:Simon and Schuster, 2008.print.
Creating a Note Card
THE BASICS OF NOTE-TAKING FOR RESEARCH PAPERS
1. Use a separate note card or sheet of paper for each new note.
This is so later on, you can easily arrange the cards in the order that you plan to use them.
2. At the top of each note card, write a heading that tells you what the information is about.
3. At the top of each note card, write the number of the source, so
you will always be able to tell exactly where you found the information.
When you prepare your bib cards, you will give each one a number, and this will serve as your “code” for telling what source the notes
4. Summarize the information.
5. End by writing down the page in the source that the information
Original Source that isn't
interpreted by anyone's
explanation or opinion.
List pros and cons surrounding your topic.
Third person accounts
found in research done by other people.
Filtered & Biased
HOW TO WRITE A BIB CARD FOR AN
ARTICLE FROM AN ONLINE DATABASE
(InfoTrac, SIRS Researcher, EBSCOHost etc.)
Last name, First name. “Title of article.”
Name of Magazine/Newspaper. Date of
original publication: page numbers.
Database name. Database Service. Name of
sponsoring library or institution. Date
Christianson, Lori. “We Need More Vacation.” Mental Health Monthly. May 2002: 45 – 48. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOhost. University of Phoenix. 15 Apr. 2003. web.
Facts about the Acropolis of Athens
Means “high city”
Built around 6th century BC originally as a
temple to Athena
It is actually a complex of several buildings
Entrance is called the Propylaea
Sample Note Card
Creating an Outline for your paper.
It is important to make an outline of your thoughts for your research paper. This keeps your ideas focused and organized.
Bibliography and note cards are an organized way to keep notes about sources. You will be required to write 1 bib card and 3 note cards for each source. That is a total of 20 cards.
*If there is more than one author, use the name of the first author followed by the words "et al." If there is no author,
then start with
EXAMPLE NOTE CARDS
HOW TO PARAPHRASE
HOW TO SUMMARIZE
Creating Your Works Cited Page
A works cited page give credit to your sources as you use them in your paper.