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AP English Language Test Prep
Transcript of AP English Language Test Prep
1 hour for the 52-54 multiple choice questions in 4-5 passages (counts for 45% of your grade)
2 hours to write and plan your three essays; including a 15 minutes to read the sources for the synthesis essay (55% of your grade) Section II of the AP exam contains three essays asking you to analyze literary style, discuss rhetorical usage, and defend a position.
One of the three essays will include several sources. In writing this essay, you must synthesize the information in at least three of those sources to support your argument.
You will have 2 hours to write the essays and 15 minutes to read the sources for the synthesis essay. The College Board suggest you allot approximately 40 minutes to write each essay. Essays If the essay prompt ask you to present information, to explain style, to define a concept or idea, or analyze rhetoric, you are being asked to write an expository essay.
Expository essays are usually objective and straightforward.
The distinguishing characteristics of exposition are an explanatory purpose and an information tone because expository essays are intended to communicate factual material. Expository Essays An essay that asks you to defend, challenge, or qualify a claim is argumentation. The formal definition of argument is writing that attempts "to convince the reader of truths or falsity of a given proposition or thesis." In writing an argument, you set out a thesis, or opinion, of your own and proceed to defend it.
If you are asked to write an essay that analyzes which is the more persuasive argument between two positions or to consider opposing positions on an issue and develop a solution, you are being asked to write a persuasive essay. The purpose is to influence the reader to take an action that agrees with your thesis. This is one step past argument. You are attempting to persuade the reader to adopt your point of view and then to do something about it. Argument stops at the attempt to change the reader's mind about an issue.* Argument and Persuasion Use at least the minimum number of sources to support your argument. You do not want to lower the score of a well-written essay because you failed to follow instructions.
Incorporate the sources in your argument, but be careful to ensure that your argument is the focus of the essay, not the sources. Your arguments and sources should support your thesis, not the other way around.
Do not simply summarize or restate the information provided in the sources.
Show an understanding of the sources and successfully develop your position. Multiple Choice Selections Most of the multiple-choice questions assess how carefully you read, how well you interpret what you read, and how well you analyze literature. Some questions will ask you about grammar, mechanics, rhetorical modes of writing, structure, organization, development, or footnotes.
The prose passages are taken from a variety of subject areas. You might find selections on the AP exam written by autobiographers, biographers, diarists, historians, critics, essayists, journalists, political writers and commentators, and science writers.
The test requires that you understand the terms and conventions of English and use the skills of critical reading and literary analysis. Tips and Tricks to Multiple Choice Survey the whole multiple choice section.
Start with a passage that seems easiest to you.
You will probably need to read and then reread the passage.
Answer the ones that seem easiest first.
If you can't eliminate two answers, skip it.
You receive 1 point for each correct answer you give. You receive no points for each question you leave blank. If you answer incorrectly, one-quarter point is subtracted. There are six major types of multiple-choice questions: main idea, rhetoric, mode, definition, tone or purpose, and form.* Example Expository Essay Prompt Directions: Read the passage below carefully. Write a well-organized essay that evaluates the elements of rhetoric and style found in the passage. Explain how the writer uses these elements to communicate with his audience and to achieve his purpose.
You will then have a non-fiction passage to read that will be approximately a half-page to a page and a half.
Remember that you will have to keep your own time and give yourself about 40 minutes to complete the essay. Guidelines of Exposition Limit your main point, so it can be developed in the 40-minute period.
Be sure that your main point lends itself to a factual treatment.
Brainstorm supporting information that you will need in order to explain your main idea thoroughly to the reader.
Develop a thesis statement and break it down into several subtopics.
Organize the subtopics and their supporting information for clarity.
Concentrate on explaining as you writ. Guidelines for Argument and Persuasion Essays Use your knowledge and beliefs to choose an opinion/topic that you can support.
Decide how persuasive you must be to make your points--the intensity of your purpose and tone.
Determine your readers' probably response to your position.
Brainstorm for specific examples, facts, details, reasons, and events that support your thesis statement.
If your opinion is controversial, consider the opposing arguments and list evidence for and against your position.
State your opinion in a thesis statement that is direct, significant, and supportable.
Organize your support in order of importance.
Consider conceding one or two points to the other side if you main point is highly controversial.
Use concrete, specific words. Be sure your language is reasonable but compelling. Don't be emotional.
Employ smooth, logical transitions. Sample Persuasive Essay Write a persuasive essay that either qualifies, agrees with, or disagrees with these social scientists' assertion. Many behavioral scientists and psychologists have come to believe that success in school, in the workplace, on the playing field, and elsewhere in life is not so much determined by intellect but by social intelligence--the ability to work with others, lead and motivate others, and inspire team spirit. Sample Argumentative Essay Read the passage below carefully. Write a well-organized essay presenting a logical argument for or against Woodrow Wilson's Appeal for Neutrality. Address your personal position regarding U.S. involvement in foreign conflict. Include evidence from your own observation, experience, or reading to support your position.