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Attraction Theory

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Charmaine Harvey

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Attraction Theory

The attraction theory theorizes that human beings are attracted to one another based on four specific factors: appearance, proximity, similarity, and rewards. These factors have been found to influence our desire to establish and maintain relationships with people, and influence the way we communicate with them Appearance Proximity Similarity Rewards In this theory, appearance refers to physical and material appearance. People tend to have a desire to be surrounded by others who are physically attractive, which is believed to come from the generalization that attractive people are healthy and, on a more subconscious level, are more likely to have healthy children.People are also generally attracted to expensive material items and are more likely to befriend someone who possesses them.
Proximity refers to the bonds made with those who surround a person; this is not limited to neighborhood, but also refers to the workplace, place of education, or anyone a person sees often. Face-to-face interaction provides an opportunity to create the intimacy needed to nurture a friendship, and allows conversation to be more direct and flow smoothly. Similarity is considered to be an important factor of the attraction theory because it is much easier to feel at ease with someone who you can relate to. If you analyze most relationships, at the core, there are common interests that are shared between both parties. In the same way, if one person highly values one thing and another person values the negation of that thing, it will impact this bond in a negative way. Rewards in relationships can range from: gifts, to emphasis on personal value, or emphasis on gratitude for a person. Rewards in a sense focuses on the profit earned in a relationship.
There is a natural human need to feel needed and appreciated, and are willing to put effort into relationships that both the need and appreciation are present. i.e. women are drawn to men who they think “need” them, and men vice versa (damsel in distress).
some sources refer to rewards as complementarity Other Considerations Attraction Theory:
A presentation by Charmaine Harvey
Works Cited Frenning, Samuel. "Attraction Theory." Samuel Frenning. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2013.
"Interpersonal Attraction." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2013.
Lo, Shao-kang “The impact of online game character's outward attractiveness and social status on interpersonal Attraction” (2008) Computers in Human Behavior, 24 (5) , pp. 1947-1958.
Lee, Carmen, and Howard Giles. "Attraction In Context: How Contextual Differences In Personal And Social Attraction Affect Communication Accommodation Behavior." Conference Papers -
International Communication Association (2008): 1-48. Communication & Mass Media
Complete. Web. 26 Mar. 2013.

When the attraction theory was created, technology was not a defining factor, but now plays an important role in the theory. Technology has made a great impact on physical proximity and appearance as factors of attraction.Social networking sites and dating websites, such as Facebook, Twitter, and eHarmony, play a huge role in this type of communication, but tends to be the most unhealthy form of communication when over indulged in by users.

Which of the four factors is the most responsible for our attraction to others?
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