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Transcript of FRANCE
France is the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. With a total population of around 66 million, it is the third most-populous European country. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris.
The fest-noz is an ancient tradition of the French region of Brittany, consisting of evening festivities featuring music, singing, dancing and drinking, organized by each municipality, usually after a religious event.
In the 1789, people had much agitation because of Necker's resignation. Morning of 14th July the people went against the old royal fortress of Bastiglia. Then followed the King's capitulation: called back Necker and recognize the new Paris' authority: the Mayor Bailly and La Fayette.
1790, Feast of the Federation
The 14th July 1790 is the end of the demolition of Bastille fortress and the people togheter with the King and the Queen celebrated the first anniversary of the Bastille Day.
It consecrated the success of the constitutional monarchy.
1880, the 14th July became Public Holiday
Then the celebration of 14th July was left until the law of the 6th July 1880, it says that the 14th July is Public Holiday. The lasted day of 13th the churches called the military Parade.
It symbolize the end of Monarchy and the begin of the Republic.
In the Latin antiquity:
In origin the month of February, for the Roman, was the last month of the Year (“Februarius”, “month of purification”)
The 2nd February they celebrated the Lupercali (Lupercus, god of fertility and protector of flocks).
When the empire became Christian it called Purification of the Virgin.
Why crêpes at Candelora?
At the begin of February, the crêpes were distributed to pilgrims, who were going to Rome.
Another tradition is holding a coin in the left hand and with the right tossing the crêpes.