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Responses to Common Sports Injuries

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by

Tristan Jamieson

on 21 May 2015

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Transcript of Responses to Common Sports Injuries

Unit 18 Sports Injuries
Case Study 1:
Name:
Aaron Smith
Age:
38
Gender:
male

Injury:
sprained knee (right)
Level of playing ability: amateur - social football
Stage in career:
end, nearing retirement
Injury history:
broken ankle, dislocated fingers, sprained wrist, many muscle pulls
Access to medical support:
NHS

Case Study 2:
Name:
Emma Johnson
Age:
15
Gender:
female

Injury:
broken ankle
Level of playing ability:

amateur – competitive hockey
Stage in career:
starting sporting journey
Injury history:
no previous
Access to medical support:
NHS

Case Study 3:
Name:
Arsenios Papadopoulos

Age:
21
Gender:
male
Injury:
dislocated shoulder and degree 3 ligament tear
Level of playing ability:
semi pro - competitive - closing in on professional rugby
Stage in career:
prime
Injury history:
stage 1 pulled ligament – left ankle, pulled hamstring (multiple times), but none related to shoulder.
Access to medical support:
club physio and private doctor

Physiological response to injury

Physiological response to injury

The injury caused
swelling
around the ankle joint; the swelling appears from blood vessels break open. This means the area will bleed and a lot of fluid tissues will flood the area. She will feel
pain
in the ankle because the swelling will put
pressure on the nerves
. The ankle will not bend or move in its
normal fashion
as the break means that the bone is not fully connected, and the nerves, ligaments and tendons are stretched or torn; so can't co-operate to work and move. There were
multiple tears
in ligaments surrounding the break and this will cause
further pain
and swelling and lack of mobility. The pain and swelling will prevent Emma from
putting pressure
on that ankle
(no walking or standing on this leg). Besides swelling the ankle will also turn
purple, yellow and/or red
in some areas. This happens because of the
broken blood vessels
growing/swelling.
Assignment 2
Responses to Common Sports Injuries
Psychological response to injury
While playing football Aaron
jolted his knee
on a
dodgy playing surface
, causing it to
sprain
. Aaron saw
swelling
around the knee cap and joint. There was no colour change or bruising. He was recommended to sit out for 2 weeks (with 1 week minimum) by a qualified first aider in the team, he re-joined playing again after
6 days
. This meant that he managed to play less than half of the game as he re-aggravated the injury.
He had the further
week off
and returned after missing one more match. Aaron did not see a physio or doctor and simply nursed his own injury with
ice packs
every day. He did not see the point in waiting weeks for an appointment through the NHS and decided that as he just had to avoid playing for a week he could cope on his own.
The reason Aaron decided to play was that he would retire soon anyway and he did not play at a high standard, it didn't matter to him. This injury did not matter to Aaron and his attitude towards it was not to care or worry. He actually saw this as an excuse not to play or run and he could relax and put his feet up to watch television.
Physiological responses.
This injury occurred in training and the shoulder dislocated. It tore the ligaments surrounding the injury and swelled up around the injury within thirty minutes, as well as
discolouring
. He was taken straight to the physio room at the training facility and the physio looked at the injury. He was then taken to the private doctor where they relocated the shoulder. The swelling and muscles around the shoulder made it difficult for the doctors to relocate the shoulder. Arsenios was out of all sporting activities for
five months
, to let the injury heel itself and rebuild ligaments and cell tissue. Then the additional month for rehabilitation and strengthening. After four months Arsenios regularly saw the club physio for exercises to
rehabilitate
the injury.
Surgery
was not required as the doctor said that the injury, although as bad as it was, would heal itself well and that with the correct treatment and rehabilitation the injury would fix itself.

The Physiotherapist gave Arsenios exercises to keep the muscles from stiffening and losing sharpness. Arsenios was also given fitness exercises so that he could come back to training at good fitness and just a lack of ball work and match play. Without the clubs care and private healthcare Arsenios' injury could have taken a year to have healed and with him awaiting treatment and physiotherapy.

Psycological response to injury
Further Physiological response...
Emma was rushed to hospital by her father who was there at the event. Emma was playing hockey against a particularly
aggressive
opponent and one girl targeted Emma specifically. The girl focussed on the ankle as the shin pads don't cover it and the girl turned he stick onto the curved edge and swung for Emma's ankle, connecting with it directly.

The

HEALING PROCESS
-
After having an x-ray the scan showed a clean line through the ankle bone; indicating a
fracture
. Emma did not have surgery, as she is not sponsored or at a high level, she was covered by the NHS, she needed a long time off and a long rehabilitation period. She had to see a
physio
after her cast came off. The period of having the cast was
10-12 weeks
and the rehabilitation period was a further
4-6 weeks
. The impact of the injury caused immediate
inflammation
and this inflammation lasts the first week after the injury.
Psychological response to injury
Emma felt
disheartened
as she was not able to play hockey. She was upset that she could not see her friends, she could not score, she could not train and Hockey was her sport, hobby and favourite thing to do. Having an injury took this away from her and made her
bored
. So she felt disheartened when shown the x-ray because she knew what was to come. Emma then came across
depression
as she passed the boredom stage and missed the sport and her friends. She was depressed because it meant that she spent less time with her team, and being on crutches made normal school life very difficult for her. Anxiety, Emma felt anxious to get back to playing hockey again, as she missed playing it very much and she had to be
assessed
for her P.E GCSE module and she couldn't because she was injured. The doctors had taken the cast off and so she knew she was nearing her return, this meant that she was 'itching' to get back to playing. Emma was very self
motivated
when she went to see the physio as her cast had come off. She performed daily exercises
religiously
as the physio had instructed, to speed up the strengthening process. Her final psychological response to the injury was that she was
scared
, this was because her ankle did not feel as stable as before and she felt scared every time someone swung a stick in the direction of her feet, she was scared of the same injury happening again. She was scared because she remembered, not only the physical pain, but the psychological damage.
Arsenios experienced denial when first injured as he will not want to face the possibility of not playing and missing a chance to climb to the first team. he tried to return as early as possible but the coaches and physio wouldn't allow him to continue early, they made him wait the full recovery time. When he realised that he could not deny the severity of the injury and how long he would be injured for, he felt anger that he would miss his big break, especially as he on good form and he will miss the second half of the season, meaning he will have to wait until the new season starts in August to prove himself. Afteranger he will feel depression as he has realised there is nothing he can do while his arm is in a sling. He will also realise that with no training or matches he will be distant from he team - adding to his depression. Finally he will be anxious to get back to training as soon as his physio starts he will feel better and start to strengthen up.
By Tristan Jamieson
Full transcript