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Darya Abar

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Allusions

Allusions By Darya Abar
Brandon T.
Kendra Tuttle
April Damon
Riley Ng Niobe Origin: She is the daughter of Tantalus,
He was the king of the king of the town, Mt Sipylus in Anatolia. Niobe had two brothers, Broteas and Pelops, who would later be a legendary hero and would give his name to Peloponnese. When Niobe grew up, she got married to Amphion, king of Thebes. This was a turning point in her life and a series of tragic events followed, to give her a distinct place in one of the most tragic dramas in Greek mythology. Niobe and Amphion gave birth to fourteen children, seven sons and seven daughters. At a ceremony held in honor of Leto, the mother of the divine twins, Apollo and Artemis, who was also living in Thebes, Niobe, in a fit of arrogance, bragged about her fourteen children. In fact, Niobe said that she was superior to Leto, as she had fourteen children and not only two. When the twins knew this insult, they got enraged and at once, came down to Earth to kill the children of Niobe. Apollo, the god of light and music, killed all seven of Niobe’s sons with his powerful arrows in front of their mother’s eyes. Although Niobe was pleading Apollo to feel mercy for her last surviving son, Apollo’s lethal arrow had already left his bow to find its mark with deadly accuracy, thus wiping out all the male descendants of Niobe. Artemis, the virgin goddess of nature and hunting, killed Niobe’s seven daughters with her lethal arrows and their dead bodies were lying unburied for nine days.
Meaning: The tragic tale of Niobe centered on the consequences of hybris, a strange concept in the Greek antiquity, which stated that if you act with arrogance towards the Gods, then you will be punished. Consequently Niobe’s story is a classic example of the wrath of gods against human weaknesses and has been beautifully narrated in Homer’s Iliad. The tale of Niobe also is mentioned in Metamorphoses, a narrative poem, written by the infamous Roman poet Ovid, who, however, has inverted the traditionally accepted order and portrayed the desires and conquests of the gods with aversion, while rising human passions to a higher level. a Greek term defined as arrogance or excessive pride. To summarize that a mourning women
Example: The niobe woman weeped when she was told that her son had been killed in action while on tour in Iraq. Odyssey History/Origin: The Odyssey was written by Homer, it told the story of Odysseus, Who was the King of Ithaca and hero of the Trojan War, Odysseus is renewed for his clever thinking. After 10 years at sea, he is the last of the heroes to return home.During the Trojan War, Odysseus ordered for a huge wooden horse to be built. The purpose of this horse would be to house the Greek soldiers and protect them. Sinon, a greek soldier, was not able to get inside of the horse. Therefore, once the Trojans approached he acted in a way that he was against the Greeks. He also spoke positively about the horse and said that it would bring them luck. This lead for the Trojan army to take the horse into the city of Troy(this was what the Greek soldiers wanted). At night, the Greek soldiers killed the Trojans. They were defeated.
Definition: a long journey; named for Odysseus, the character in The Odyssey, by Homer. Odysseus makes his long journey back from the Trojan War, encountering several obstacles along the way.
Examples: Her odyssey on sea was filled with so many hardships that she swore she would never travel by sea again. Paeon Origin: In Greek mythology, Paeon was the physician and healer of the gods. In Iliad V, Paeon heals the wounded Ares and Hades with his herbal lore. Paeon (or Paean) would later become an epithet (a descriptive term or byname) of the god Apollo, who was capable of bringing devastating disease as well as cherished healing. In Grecian music, paeans, which were hymns of invocation or thanksgiving to Apollo, were commonly sung at festivals of Apollo, banquets, and public funerals.
Definition: A song of praise, joy, or triumph.
Modern Usage: Paean usually refers to an expression of praise or exultation.
Example: Zack received paean-like adoration for his widely renowned football athleticism and ability. Olympians History: According to Greek mythology the home of the gods was located on the snowy summit of Mount Olympus in northern Greece, hidden from human sight by clouds. Here the gods lived in wonderful palaces and held meetings in a great council chamber or were entertained by the Muses with lyre and song. These gods were called Olympians which were believed to be Omnipresent and Omniscient. There were twelve supreme Olympians
Definition: majestic in manner, superior to mundane affairs; any participant in the ancient or modern Olympic games; named after 12 gods that were supposed to reside on Mt. Olympus.
Example: Micheal Phelps is seen as a true Olympian since he has won the highest amount medals ever awarded before to one person in the Olympics. You better have listened! Riley will Explain! The Game.... How many children did Niobe have? be specific (gender wise) Question #1 7 daughters and 7 sons The Answer is.... Question #2

Name the 2 gods that sent turmoil on Niobe. Apollo and Artemis Question #3
What was the dreadful deed that Niobe committed? She was Arrogant towards the greek gods saying that she was superior. Question #4

Who wrote the Odyssey?
Homer!!! Who was the main
character in the Odyssey? Odysseus!!! Odysseus was known for
A. Being a coward
B. Being a Clever Thinker
C. Having Amazing war skills
D. Being a stud B! Question #6 Question #5 Question # 7 What was Paeon's Profession

A. Teacher
B. Physician
C. Singer
D. Philosopher B What is the definition of Paeon? Question #8 Answer is....
A song of praise, joy, or triumph Question #9 Which god did Paeon heal/help?

A. Zeus
B. Artemis
C. Athena
D. Apollo D Question # 10 How many Olympians are there? 12! Question #11

Where did the Olympian live?

A. In a House
B. Mount Olympus
C. Pompeii
D. Athens B! Question #12

What is the definition of an Olympian? majestic in manner, superior to mundane affairs; any participant in the ancient or modern Olympic games LAST QUESTION!!!!!
Write an example using the allusion Niobe in it! Thanks For Watching!!
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