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Transcript of Poetry Writing
Amanda Poetry Writing "Children are natural poets"
Tompkins Poetic Forms Formula Poems
Syllable- and Word-Count Poems
Rhymed Verse Poems
Poetic Devices Formula Poems Poetic formulas provide a skeleton for children's poems.
Meaning is always most important. Poetry forms follow the search for meaning.
Formula Poems involve repetition which can be more effective than rhyme for young poets. Free-Form Poems Children put words and phrases together in free-form poems to express a thought or tell a story without concern for rhyme, repeition, or other patterns. Teaching Children Poems Introducing Children to Poetry
Teaching Children to Write Poems Using a Poetic Form
Assessing Children's Poems
Rules About Writing Poetry Introducing Children to Poetry Children need to have a concept of poetry before beginning to write.
Share a variety of poems.
Read excerpts from the first chapter of Lois Lowry's "Anastasia Krupnik." Teaching Children to Write
Poems Using Poetic
Form Beginning with formula poems may be easier for students. Goals and Activities Grades:
6-8 K-8 Goal 1: Write Collaborate and Individual Formula Poems Children write "I wish . . ." poems
Children write color poems
Children write five-senses poems
Children write "If were . . ." poems 3-5 Goal 1: Identify Syllables in Words and Write Syllable-Count Poems Children break multisyllabic words into syllables
Children write collaborative and individual haiku and clinquains Goal 2: Develop a Repertoire of Poetic Forms Children write formula poems
Children write free-form poems
Children write found poems from books they are reading
Children write poems for two voices related to stories and thematic units 6-8 Goal 1: Write Model Poems Goal 2: Analyze how poets use poetic devices Goal 3: Review Poetic Forms Children examine a poem written by an adult poet and create poems following its form "I Wish..." Poems: Children identify poetic devices in favorite poems
Children write alliterative sentences and tongue twisters
Children examine poems they have written to look for poetic devices or revise these poems to add one or more poetic devices Children begin each line of the poem with the words "I wish" and then complete the line with a wish,
Then children expand on one of their wishes for several more lines. Children add information about each form to a poetry notebook
Children write poems as part of writing workshops or as projects in literature focus units and thematic units Model Poems Poetic Devices Syllable - and Word-Count Poems Rhymed Verse Poems Several rhymed verse forms can be used effectively with older children.
It's important that rhyme schemes don't restrict children's creativity. Limericks: Light verse that uses both rhyme and rhythm.
Consists of five lines. First, second and fifth lines rhyme. Third and forth rhyme.
Last line often contains surprise ending. Children write a poem modeling an adult poets work. Invitations: Children write a poem where they invite someone to a beautiful place.
A poem modeled after Shakespeare's "Come Unto These Yellow Sands." Knowledge of the appropriate terminology is helpful in writing groups. Comparison: Alliteration: Onomatopoeia: Repetition: Rhyme: Use of metaphors and similes to describe images feelings, and actions.
Metaphor: Compares two things implying one is something else.
Simile: Explicit comparison of one thing to another signaled by "like" or "as". Color Poems: Begin each line with a color, then describe the color. Five-Sense Poems: Children write about a topic by describing it with each of the five senses. "If I Were..." Poems: Children write about how they would and what they would do if they were something else. Concrete Poems: These poems are created by arranging words pictorially on a page or by combining art and writing.
Words and phrases can be written in the shape of an object, or word pictures can be inserted. Found Poems: Children create poems by finding words from other sources (newspaper articles, songs, stories)
Children have the ability to manipulate words and experiment with sentence structures. Poems for Two Voices: Unique type of free verse.
Written in two columns and read together by two readers.
Sounds like a musical duet. Halloween is coming! Halloween is coming!
Let's have some fun.
Fun! Fun! Fun!
Where are the black cats?
You're here. We're here. These poems provide a structure that helps children succeed in writing; however the need to follow a formula may restrict expression. Haiku: Japanese poetic form consisting of 17 syllables arranged in 3 lines of 5-7-5.
Deals with nature and presents a single clear form
Best known syllable-count poem. Cinquains: A five line poem containing 22 syllables in a 2-4-6-8-3 pattern.
These poems usually describes something, but they may tell a story. Clerihews: Four lined verse describing a person
Can describe anyone Apologies: Children write a poem in which they apologize for something.
Modeling "This is Just to Say" by Carol Williams Prayers From the Ark: Children write poems from the viewpoint of an animal.
Modeling "Prayers From the Ark" by Carmen Bernos de Gasztold "If I Were in Charge of the World: Children write poems describing what they would do if they were in charge of the world.
Modeling "If I were in Charge of the World" by Judith Viorst Repetition of the same initial consonant sound in consecutive words.
Makes poetry fun to read. Sound words to make writing more sensory and vivid.
"Crash", "Varoom", "Mee-e-e-ow" Words and phrases used in repetition to structure writing.
Example "Nevermore" in Edgar Allen Poe's "The Raven". considered synonymous with poetry (unfortunately),
When rhyming comes naturally, it can add delight.
It can interfere with vivid images if forced.
Poems don't always have to rhyme!! Diamantes A seven-line contrast poem written in the shape of a diamond.
Children apply knowledge of opposites and parts of speech. Continued... "I Used to.../But Now..." Poems: Contrast Poem
Begin the first line with "I used to" and the second line with "But now" "____ Is..." Poems: Children describe what something is or what something or someone means to them Preposition Poems: Children begin each line with a preposition
A poetic rewording of lines often results. Step-by-Step Writing Process: 1. Explain the poetic form.
2. Share examples.
3. Review the poetic form.
4. Write class collaboration poems.
5. Write individual poems. Assessing Children's
Poetry Instead of giving a grade for quality, teachers can assess on these criteria: Has the child written the poem following the formula?
Has the child used the process approach in writing, revising, and editing the poem?
Has the child used a poetic device in the poem? Teachers might also ask students to assess their own progress in writing poems. Rules About Writing
Poetry 1. Poems do not have to rhyme.
2. The first letter in each line does not have to be capitalized.
3. Poems can take different shapes and be anywhere on a page.
4. You hear the writer's voice in a poem-with or without rhyme.
5. Poems can be about anything-serious or silly things,
6. Poems can be punctuated in different ways or not at all.
7. There are no real rules for poems, and no poems is a failure.