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Shakespeare Background and Times
Transcript of Shakespeare Background and Times
The nobles –interested in poetry, themes, history (Sat in Balcony)
Groundlings—poor people who sat on ground, interested in violence and humor
B. Plays were put on during the day
C. No Lights or Scenery
D. All male actors
E. Rocks or Rotten food were thrown if they did enjoy the play.
F. People wanted to have a good time IV. Stage and Times A. Shakespeare wrote 37 Plays
C. Four famous Tragedies
King Lear III. Shakespeare’s Plays D. Later Years
Formed a company of actors called the Lord Chamberlain’s men.
In 1599, he became a part owner of a theatre called the Globe.
Most of his writing was done in this time period.
E. Shakespeare’s Death
Died at Stratford-on-Avon on April 23, 1616.
continued… C. Middle Years
In 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway
He was 18 and she was 27
In 1592, he had moved and was working the theater in London
Mentioned in a article as a writer in London
Probably was in London before this continued… Soliloquy- (a speech given by an actor alone on stage)
Sonnet- (A 14 line love poem)
Courtly Love Tradition- (A code of Love common in Shakespeare’s time). VI. General Terms A. Shakespeare copied it from another play
B. First publication was 1595
C. A tragedy- a tragedy is a play where the main character is brought down
D. The Key to tragedy is why the person is brought down
E. Romeo and Juliet is timeless since the same idea found in this play could still happen today. V. Romeo and Juliet G. The Stage
Globe had three levels
Open air except to galleries
Poor sat on ground and rich in galleries
H. No Acts
Plays lasted about 2 hours
Moved in and out of doors at back of stage to show divisions and changes-no acts
I. Globe burned down when a cannon was fired. continued… D. Most of Shakespeare’s plays were published after his death
The reason for this was the lack of copyright laws
Writers could steal from others
First edition of his plays is called The FOLIO of 1623. (21 of the plays were included)
Actors would have helped pull these plays together since Shakespeare had died in 1616. Continued… A. Elizabeth I
Born in 1533 and died in 1603
Ruled from 1558-1603
Known as the Virgin Queen who never married
Defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588 II. The Time Period A. Very Little is Known about Man’s life
B. Early Life
Probably born on April 23, 1564.
Birthplace was Stratford-on-Avon, England.
He was the son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden.
John was a Glover (dealer in skins and wool).
He became the Mayor in 1568.
William Shakespeare attended a grammar school in Stratford. (Studied Latin and Greek). I. William Shakespeare Background on Shakespeare & Romeo and Juliet B. James I
Ruled England from 1603-1625
Son of Mary, Queen of Scots
He was King when Shakespeare died
continued… Your Turn:
How do you think having a mixed audience (both upper and lower classes) might have affected Shakespeare as he wrote his plays?