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Guidelines for Animal Research
Transcript of Guidelines for Animal Research
IN RESEARCH Information on guidelines for
psychological research with animals Acquiring, caring for, using and disposing of animals.
Being trained in research methods and experienced in the care of laboratory animals.
Minimize the discomfort, infection, illness and pain of animals within reason.
Only subject animal to pain, stress or privation when essential and justified by educational value.
Perform proper surgical procedures before, during and after surgery. VS. Resources http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx?item=11
http://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2011/03/comments.aspx www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/resources/video-library/14/why-do-we-use-animals-in-research/ oacu.od.nih.gov Why are animals used in research? Invertebrates- have no spine/backbone & they are cold blooded, which means they aren't capable of regulating their body temperature
-Examples- ants, dragonflies, spiders, crabs, etc.
Vertebrates- Animals that possess a spine or spinal column
-Examples- mammals, birds, fishes, amphibians, & reptiles.
-Even though vertebrates have a spine or spinal column which have nerves that invertebrates don't, they still shouldn't have different guidelines.
- Invertebrates may lack a backbone, but at some stage of their life they had a flexible supporting rod called a notochord that ran through the length of their body. Invertebrates vs. Vertebrates- What's the difference? Pro-Animal Research Groups USDA regulations would increase cost Anti-Animal Research Groups Regulations don’t cover all.
“More than 100 million mice/rats are killed in U.S. laboratories each year”
Rats can feel
“experimenter's don’t even have to provide them with pain relief” Is Research on Rats, Mice & Birds Fair?? We do not find it fair!
But its up to you… http://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_welfare/2011/FS_QArmb.pdf
http://www.apa.org/monitor/julaug02/rats.aspx National Institutes of Health, Association for Assessments & Accreditation of Laboratory animal care. The term "animal" excludes birds, rats, and mice bred for research, horses not used for research, and other farm animals, such as livestock and poultry, used for improving animal nutrition, breeding management, or production efficiency, or for improving the quality of food or fiber.
-U.S. Code, Title 7, Ch. 54, sec. 2132, (g) Questionable Guidelines Why are all the animals we eat, not protected? According to the AWA, it is okay to perform any invasive or aversive research on an animal, as long as it is anesthetized, and is euthanized before regaining consciousness.
But is it? Torture or treatment? Dogs, are the most heavily protected animals, followed next by Cats, under federal law, but aren't nearly as beneficial to research as other animals, such as mice and pigs. It's raining Cats and Dogs! http://www.apa.org/monitor/feb01/mice.aspx But where would we be without them? Almost every major disease and operation in the last century has been experimented and studied using animals as test subjects. Open heart surgery, Diabetes, and cancer patients are just some of people who are able to survive because of the treatments and vaccinations that were discovered using animal research. Ariana Davari
Shelby Mefford presented by: Shouldn't the most beneficial subject animals be better protected? Why aren't there guidelines for invertebrates? The National Institute of Health has many guidelines, however invertebrates aren't treated the same as vertebrates. Why it's not fair -Invertebrates are subjected to less adequate care than vertebrates -It disregards the amount of pain and suffering they experience at the hands of science -Invertebrates don't have the capacity to showcase what they feel such as a dog yelping or a cat meowing http://www.rw.ttu.edu/ethics/pdf%27s/A6%20.pdf - Invertebrates make up 98% of the animal species, but the more invertebrates they use for testing, the less there will be.
- Though vertebrates and invertebrates are different, both groups are a part of the Kingdom Animalia.
- Invertebrates are also heterotrophic, meaning they can't make their own food, which is one of the main characteristics of animals.
- Invertebrates also have no cell walls, so even if some invertebrates may not look like animals, they still are.
- Therefore, this isn't fair because invertebrates are still animals, which means they should receive the same National Institute Guidelines as vertebrates. Invertebrates and Vertebrates