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Composition In Art

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on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of Composition In Art


The arrangement of elements &
principles of design within a
work of art
to create a pleasing design.

Focal Point...The Center of Interest

Most compositions are built around a main
focal point

Focal Points are created many ways...
...Making something stand
apart from its' surrounding area

- Contrast of Size

- Contrast of Color

- Contrast of Value

- Contrast of Texture
Focal Point May Be Emphasized
Through Lead- In Lines
(Converging Lines)
Focal point may be created
through rhythm or
of an element such as line,
to bring the eye to the
focal point.
A successful composition involves a balance of unity and diversity
Compositions may be a
symmetrical or asymmetrical
balance of objects.

Good composition involves
looking at
mass, visual weight of objects and
color values.
In addition to planning a focal point, the artist must consider the placement of objects around it.

Artists may use the golden mean, rule of thirds (which is a modified golden mean), or other grids to plan the design.
A viewfinder can be helpful in planning compositions
and in helping determining what portion of an image to include in a painting. Moving the viewfinder in and out can help the artist to visualize what size to make the subject,
and how much to crop.
When planning a composition, ask yourself:

What do I want to emphasize?

How will I emphasize it?

Where will I place it? (on a grid, triangle, etc)

What elements should be diverse?

What elements should be unified?

What type of balance will the design have (formal, informal or radial?)

What visual weight do the objects have?

What kinds of spaces exist around the objects?

How should the viewer's eye travel around the design?
Henri Matisse: The Red Studio, 1911. Matisse said, "The whole effect of my paintings depends on composition. The place occupied by figures and objects, the empty spaces around them, their proportions, each has its place.
Sometimes compositions are
planned using geometric shape
such as a
triangle, ellipse, V or L
to place objects.
Some artists, like Wasily Kandinsky even
titled their paintings "Compositions".
This is called, "Composition #8".
Informal Balance (asymmetry)
Look at the arrangement of shapes and lines. Why is how Kandisky arranges them important?
How does Color play a role in the composition?
Would it look as good if nothing overlapped or was small and the center of the page?
Which composition is better?

Why is it better?

Always think about your placement of
objects BEFORE you draw!
The rule of third
s is a guideline which
applies to the process of composing visual

The guideline divides the image into nine
equal parts by two equally spaced horizontal
lines and two equally spaced vertical lines, and
that important compositional elements should
be placed along these lines or their intersections.
Aligning a subject with these points creates
more tension, energy and interest in the
composition than simply centering the subject would.
Formal Balance (symmetry)
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